Präzisionsvermessung einer Solarzelle im CalLab PV Cells

Kerfless Wafer Technologie

Silicium-Photovoltaik

Im Thema Silicum-Photovoltaik beschäftigen wir uns mit folgenden Arbeitsgebieten

 

Feedstock, Kristallisation und Wafering

 

Epitaxie, Si-Folien und SiC-Abscheidungen

 

Charakterisierung von Prozess- und Silicium-Materialien

 

Dotierung und Diffusion

 

Oberflächen: Konditionierung, Passivierung, Lichteinfang

 

Kontaktierung und Strukturierung

 

Herstellung und Analyse von hocheffizienten Solarzellen

 

Pilotherstellung von industrienahen Solarzellen

 

Messtechnik und Produktionskontrolle

 

Dünnschicht-Siliciumsolarzellen

 

Technologiebewertung

Rund 90 % der hergestellten Solarzellen basieren auf kristallinem Silicium. Wirkungsgrad, Preis-/Leistungsverhältnis, Langzeitstabilität und Kostenreduktionspotenziale sprechen dafür, dass dieser Leistungsträger der terrestrischen Photovoltaik auch künftig marktbeherrschend sein wird. Das Fraunhofer ISE bildet die gesamte Wertschöpfungskette der kristallinen Silicium-Photovoltaik ab, vom Material bis zur Qualitätssicherung für Module und Kraftwerke. Die FuE-Angebote zielen darauf ab, gemeinsam mit der Industrie neue innovative Produkte zur Marktreife zu führen. Ziel ist, die Herstellungskosten zu senken und die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der PV-Industrie in Deutschland und Europa zu stärken.


Die Silicium-Material-Plattform des Fraunhofer ISE forscht zu allen Prozessschritten von der Kristallisation mono- und multikristalliner Ingots bis zum Blocksägen, Polieren und Wafern. 2015 entstand die Ausgründung NexWafe GmbH, die den am Institut entwickelten Herstellungsprozess für epitaktisch gewachsene Wafer (»kerfless wafer« Technologie) als bahnbrechende drop-in Technologie in die Produktion transferiert.

2015 hat das Fraunhofer ISE einen neuen Weltrekord für beidseitig kontaktierte Si-Solarzellen mit der TOPCon-Technologie aufgestellt (η = 25.1%). Diese Technologie basiert auf einem dünnen Tunneloxid und einer darauf abgeschiedenen hochdotierten Si-Schicht. Die so ermöglichten selektiven Kontakte lassen nur einen Ladungsträgertyp passieren. Die TOPCon-Technologie hat großes Potenzial, das Institut arbeitet derzeit an der industriellen Umsetzung für diesen Zelltypus.

Im Photovoltaik-Technologie Evaluationscenter PV-TEC werden neue Prozesse und Anlagen erprobt. Dazu zählen aktuell neuartige Prototypen zur Extrusion von Metallisierungspasten bei der Herstellung sehr leitfähiger, schmaler und hoher Kontakte sowie zur Nutzung von Folien und lokaler Laserlegierung für die Metallisierung von rückseitenpassivierten Solarzellen.

Ein noch junges Forschungsfeld sind siliciumbasierte Tandemsolarzellen, mit denen das praktische Wirkungsgradpotenzial der reinen Siliciumsolarzelle deutlich übertroffen werden kann. Hierfür hat das Fraunhofer ISE aufgrund seiner Expertise im Bereich der III-V-, Perowskit- und Siliciumsolarzellentechnologie ideale Voraussetzungen.

Auch bei der Modultechnologie stehen optimale Wirkungsgrade, reduzierte Kosten und höchste Zuverlässigkeit im Fokus.

In Ergänzung zu unserer Forschung und Entwickung zum Thema Silicium-Photovoltaik bieten wir unseren Kunden umfassende Charakterisierungsservices in unserem akkreditierten Labor:

  • PV-TEC
    Photovoltaik-Technologie Evaluationscenter
  • SIMTEC
    Silicon Material TEChnology research center

Ausgewählte Forschungsprojekte

 

KosmoS

Kostenoptimierte Hocheffizienz-Solarzellen aus Sauerstoffarmem n-Typ mono Silicium für die industrielle Massenfertigung

 

HighVolEpi

Hochdurchsatz Siliciumbasierte Schichten und Silicium-Epitaxie für die Photovoltaik

 

ENOWA II

Entwicklung hoch- und kosteneffizienter PV-Siliciumwafer

 

Groschen

Metallisierte Kontakte – auf dem Weg zur Implementierung im Industriemaßstab

Stefan  Glunz

Contact Press / Media

Prof. Dr. Stefan  Glunz

Silicium-Photovoltaik

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5191

Fax +49 761 4588-9191

Ralf  Preu

Contact Press / Media

Dr.-Ing. Ralf  Preu

Silicium-Photovoltaik

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5260

Fax +49 761 4588-9260

Stephan  Riepe

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Stephan  Riepe

Feedstock, Kristallisation und Wafering

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5636

Fax +49 761 4588-9636

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Stefan  Janz

Epitaxie, Si-Folien und SiC-Abscheidungen

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5261

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Wilhelm  Warta

Charakterisierung von Prozess- und Silicium-Materialien

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5192

Jan  Benick

Contact Press / Media

Dr.-Ing. Jan  Benick

Dotierung und Diffusion

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5020

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Jochen  Rentsch

Oberflächen: Konditionierung, Passivierung, Lichteinfang

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5199

Fax +49 761 4888-9199

Markus  Glatthaar

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Markus  Glatthaar

Kontaktierung und Strukturierung

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5918

Martin  Hermle

Contact Press / Media

Dr. rer. nat. Martin  Hermle

Herstellung und Analyse von hocheffizienten Solarzellen

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5265

Contact Press / Media

Dr.-Ing. Daniel  Biro

Pilotherstellung von industrienahen Solarzellen

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5246

Fax +49 761 4588-9246

Stefan  Rein

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Stefan  Rein

Messtechnik und Produktionskontrolle

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5271

Fax +49 761 4588-9271

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Dietmar  Borchert

Dünnschicht-Siliciumsolarzellen

Fraunhofer ISE
Auf der Reihe 2
45884 Gelsenkirchen

Telefon +49 209 15539-13

Ralf  Preu

Contact Press / Media

Dr.-Ing. Ralf  Preu

Technologiebewertung

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Telefon +49 761 4588-5260

Fax +49 761 4588-9260

 

Veröffentlichungen zum Thema Silicium-Photovoltaik

Aktuelle Zeitschriften und Buchbeiträge

weitere Zeitschriften und Buchbeiträge [publica.fraunhofer.de]

YearTitle/AuthorDocument Type
201720% efficient solar cells fabricated from epitaxially grown and freestanding n-type wafers
Milenkovic, N.; Driessen, M.; Steinhauser, B.; Benick, J.; Lindekugel, S.; Hermle, M.; Janz, S.; Reber, S.
Journal Article
2017Analysis of the losses of industrial-type PERC solar cells
Saint-Cast, P.; Werner, S.; Greulich, J.; Jäger, U.; Lohmüller, E.; Höffler, H.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2017Angle dependence of solar cells and modules: The role of cell texturization
Geisemeyer, I.; Tucher, N.; Müller, B.; Steinkemper, H.; Hohl-Ebinger, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2017The application of poly-Si/SiOx contacts as passivated top/rear contacts in Si solar cells
Feldmann, F.; Reichel, C.; Müller, R.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2017Cerium oxide decorated polymer nanofibers as effective membrane reinforcement for durable, high-performance fuel cells
Breitwieser, M.; Klose, C.; Hartmann, A.; Büchler, A.; Klingele, M.; Vierrath, S.; Zengerle, R.; Thiele, S.
Journal Article
2017Characterization of the diamond wire sawing process for monocrystalline silicon by raman spectroscopy and SIREX polarimetry
Würzner, S.; Herms, M.; Kaden, T.; Möller, H.J.; Wagner, M.
Journal Article
2017Characterizing the degradation of PDMS stamps in nanoimprint lithography
Tucher, N.; Höhn, O.; Hauser, H.; Müller, C.; Bläsi, B.
Journal Article
2017Degradation of Crystalline Silicon Due to Boron Oxygen Defects
Niewelt, T.; Schön, J.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Determination of impurity distributions in ingots of solar grade silicon by neutron activation analysis
Karches, B.; Schön, J.; Gerstenberg, H.; Hampel, G.; Krenckel, P.; Plonka, C.; Ponsard, B.; Riepe, S.; Stieghorst, C.; Wiehl, N.
Journal Article
2017Extremely low surface recombination in 1 Ω cm n-type monocrystalline silicon
Bonilla, R.; Reichel, C.; Hermle, M.; Wilshaw, P.R.
Journal Article
2017Fabrication and modeling of high-efficiency front junction n-type silicon solar cells with tunnel oxide passivating back contact
Rohatgi, A.; Rounsaville, B.; Ok, Y.-W.; Tam, A.M.; Zimbardi, F.; Upadhyaya, A.D.; Tao, Y.; Madani, K.; Richter, A.; Benick, J.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2017Fast co-diffusion process for bifacial n-type solar cells
Meier, S.; Maier, S.; Demberger, C.; Wolf, A.; Biro, D.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017Feeding of liquid silicon for high performance multicrystalline silicon with increased ingot height and homogenized resistivity
Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Schindler, F.; Strauch, T.
Journal Article
2017A fully spray-coated fuel cell membrane electrode assembly using aquivion ionomer with a graphene oxide/cerium oxide interlayer
Breitwieser, M.; Bayer, T.; Büchler, A.; Zengerle, R.; Lyth, S.M.; Thiele, S.
Journal Article
2017Impact of material and process variations on the distribution of multicrystalline silicon PERC cell efficiencies
Wasmer, S.; Greulich, J.; Höffler, H.; Wöhrle, N.; Demant, M.; Fertig, F.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2017Influence of surface preparation and cleaning on the passivation of boron diffused silicon surfaces for high efficiency photovoltaics
Ali, H.; Moldovan, A.; Mack, S.; Wilson, M.; Schoenfeld, W.V.; Davis, K.O.
Journal Article
2017Instrumental determination of phosphorus in silicon for photovoltaics by β spectroscopy: A new approach
Karches, B.; Welter, K.; Stieghorst, C.; Wiehl, N.; Reich, T.; Riepe, S.; Krenckel, P.; Gerstenberg, H.; Plonka, C.
Journal Article
2017A laser induced forward transfer process for selective boron emitters
Fernandez-Robledo, S.; Nekarda, J.; Büchler, A.
Journal Article
2017Light-induced activation and deactivation of bulk defects in boron-doped float-zone silicon
Niewelt, T.; Selinger, M.; Grant, N.; Kwapil, W.M.; Murphy, J.D.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Long term stability of c-Si surface passivation using corona charged SiO2
Bonilla, R.; Reichel, C.; Hermle, M.; Harmer, P.; Wilshaw, P.R.
Journal Article
2017Long-term stability of aluminum oxide based surface passivation schemes under illumination at elevated temperatures
Niewelt, T.; Kwapil, W.M.; Selinger, M.; Richter, A.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Material limits of multicrystalline silicon from state-of-the-art photoluminescence imaging techniques
Schindler, F.; Giesecke, J.; Michl, B.; Schön, J.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Modeling of light-induced degradation due to Cu precipitation in p-type silicon. Pt.I: General theory of precipitation under carrier injection
Vahlman, H.; Haarahiltunen, A.; Kwapil, W.; Schön, J.; Inglese, A.; Savin, H.
Journal Article
2017Modeling of light-induced degradation due to Cu precipitation in p-type silicon. Pt.II: Comparison of simulations and experiments
Vahlman, H.; Haarahiltunen, A.; Kwapil, W.; Schön, J.; Inglese, A.; Savin, H.
Journal Article
2017Monolithic two-terminal III-V//Si triple-junction solar cells with 30.2% efficiency under 1-Sun AM1.5g
Cariou, R.; Benick, J.; Beutel, P.; Razek, N.; Flötgen, C.; Hermle, M.; Lackner, D.; Glunz, S.W.; Bett, A.W.; Wimplinger, M.; Dimroth, F.
Journal Article
2017n-Type Si solar cells with passivating electron contact: Identifying sources for efficiency limitations by wafer thickness and resistivity variation
Richter, A.; Benick, J.; Feldmann, F.; Fell, A.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017Nondestructive probing of perovskite silicon tandem solar cells using multiwavelength photoluminescence mapping
Mundt, L.; Heinz, F.D.; Albrecht, S.; Mundus, M.; Saliba, M.; Correa-Baena, J.P.; Anaraki, E.H.; Korte, L.; Rech, B.; Grätzel, M.; Hagfeldt, A.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017On the nature of emitter diffusion and screen-printing contact formation on nanostructured silicon surfaces
Kafle, B.; Freund, T.; Schön, J.; Werner, S.; Lorenz, A.; Wolf, A.; Saint-Cast, P.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.
Journal Article
2017Optical analysis of a III-V-nanowire-array-on-Si dual junction solar cell
Chen, Y.; Höhn, O.; Tucher, N.; Pistol, M.-E.; Anttu, N.
Journal Article
2017Optimized multicrystalline silicon for solar cells enabling conversion efficiencies of 22%
Schindler, F.; Michl, B.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Benick, J.; Müller, R.; Richter, A.; Glunz, S.W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Palladium/ruthenium composite membrane for hydrogen separation from the off-gas of solar cell production via chemical vapor deposition
Sang Moon, L.; Xu, N.; Kim, S.S.; Li, A.; Grace, J.R.; Lim, C.J.; Boyd, T.; Ryi, S.-K.; Susdorf, A.; Schaadt, A.
Journal Article
2017Passivated contacts
Hermle, M.; Reinders, A.; Verlinden, P.; Stark, W. van; Freundlich, A.
Book Article
2017Photoelectrochromic devices based on sputtered WO3 and TiO2 films
Bogati, S.; Georg, A.; Graf, W.
Journal Article
2017Separation of the surface and bulk recombination in silicon by means of transient photoluminescence
Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Temperature-dependent modeling of silicon solar cells - Eg, ni, recombination, and VOC
Steinkemper, H.; Geisemeyer, I.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
201620% efficient n-type Cz-Si MWT solar cells with adjustable reverse behavior
Lohmüller, E.; Werner, S.; Maus, S.; Brand, A.; Jäger, U.; Clement, F.
Journal Article
2016Activation Energy of Negative Fixed Charges in Thermal ALD Al2O3
Kühnhold-Pospischil, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Richter, A.; Hofmann, M.
Journal Article
2016Adhesion quality of evaporated aluminum layers on passivation layers for rear metallization of silicon solar cells
Kumm, J.; Hartmann, P.; Eberlein, D.; Wolf, A.
Journal Article
2016All-diffused back-contact back-junction solar cell with aluminum-alloyed emitter - experiment and simulation
Wöhrle, N.; Kimmerle, A.; Greulich, J.; Wolf, A.
Journal Article
2016Analysis of Al diffusion processes in TiN barrier layers for the application in silicon solar cell metallization
Kumm, J.; Samadi, H.; Chacko, R.V.; Hartmann, P.; Wolf, A.
Journal Article
2016Analysis of grain structure evolution based on optical measurements of mc Si wafers
Strauch, T.; Demant, M.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2016Atomic Layer Deposited Molybdenum Oxide for the Hole-Selective Contact of Silicon Solar Cells
Bivour, M.; Macco, B.; Temmler, J.; Kessels, W.M.M.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2016Bifacial potential of single- and double-sided collecting silicon solar cells
Fertig, F.; Wöhrle, N.; Greulich, J.; Krauß, K.; Lohmüller, E.; Meier, S.; Wolf, A.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2016biPERC silicon solar cells enabling bifacial applications for industrial solar cells with passivated rear sides
Krauss, K.; Fertig, F.; Greulich, J.; Rein, S.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2016Changes of solar cell parameters during damp-heat exposure
Zhu, J.; Koehl, M.; Hoffmann, S.; Berger, K.A.; Zamini, S.; Bennett, I.; Gerritsen, E.; Malbranche, P.; Pugliatti, P.; Di Stefano, A.; Aleo, F.; Bertani, D.; Paletta, F.; Roca, F.; Graditi, G.; Pellegrino, M.; Zubillaga, O.; Iranzo, F.J.C.; Pozza, A.; Sample, T.; Gottschalg, R.
Journal Article
2016Choosing the best silicon material parameters for different solar cell architectures
Steinkemper, H.; Michl, B.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2016Comprehensive simulation study of industrially relevant silicon solar cell architectures for an optimal material parameter choice
Steinkemper, H.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2016Contact fault characterisation of complex silicon solar cells: A guideline based on current voltage characteristics and luminescence imaging
Padilla, M.; Reichel, C.; Hagedorn, N.; Fell, A.; Keding, R.; Michl, B.; Kasemann, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Degradation of silicon wafers at high temperatures for epitaxial deposition
Rachow, T.; Reber, S.; Janz, S.; Knapp, M.; Milenkovic, N.
Journal Article
2016Directly deposited Nafion/TiO2 composite membranes for high power medium temperature fuel cells
Wehkamp, N.; Breitwieser, M.; Büchler, A.; Klingele, M.; Zengerle, R.; Thiele, S.
Journal Article
2016Economic feasibility of bifacial silicon solar cells
Fertig, F.; Nold, S.; Wöhrle, N.; Greulich, J.; Hädrich, I.; Krauß, K.; Mittag, M.; Biro, D.; Rein, S.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2016Effect of thermal insulation of the back side of PV modules in the module temperature
Koehl, M.; Hamperl, S.; Heck, M.
Journal Article
2016Efficiency increase of crystalline silicon solar cells with nanoimprinted rear side gratings for enhanced light trapping
Eisenlohr, J.; Tucher, N.; Hauser, H.; Graf, M.; Benick, J.; Bläsi, B.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2016Extending the limits of screen-printed metallization of phosphorus- and boron-doped surfaces
Werner, S.; Lohmüller, E.; Wolf, A.; Clement, F.
Journal Article
2016Fast in-situ photoluminescence analysis for a recombination parameterization of the fast BO defect component in silicon
Niewelt, T.; Mägdefessel, S.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Fast Regeneration Process to Avoid Light-Induced Degradation in Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells
Krauß, K.; Brand, A.; Fertig, F.; Rein, S.; Nekarda, J.
Journal Article
2016Flexo-printed busbarless solar cells for multi-wire interconnection
Lorenz, A.; Gredy, C.; Senne, A.; Beyer, S.; Yao, Y.; Papet, P.; Ufheil, J.; Reinecke, H.
Journal Article
2016Flexographic printing - towards an advanced front side metallization approach with high throughput and low silver consumption
Lorenz, A.; Gredy, C.; Beyer, S.; Yao, Y.; Papet, P.; Ufheil, J.; Senne, A.; Reinecke, H.; Clement, F.
Journal Article
2016Gallium phosphide window layer for silicon solar cells
Feifel, M.; Rachow, T.; Benick, J.; Ohlmann, J.; Janz, S.; Hermle, M.; Dimroth, F.; Lackner, D.
Journal Article
2016High-efficiency n-type silicon solar cells: Advances in PassDop technology and NiCu plating on boron emitter
Steinhauser, B.; Kamp, M.; Brand, A.A.; Jäger, U.; Bartsch, J.; Benick, J.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2016Identification of defects causing performance degradation of high temperature n-type Czochralski silicon bifacial solar cells
Gaspar, G.; Coletti, G.; Juel, M.; Würzner, S.; Søndenå, R.; Sabatino, M. di; Arnberg, L.; Ovrelid, E.J.
Journal Article
2016Identification of lifetime limiting defects by temperature- and injection-dependent photoluminescence imaging
Schön, J.; Youssef, A.; Park, S.; Mundt, L.E.; Niewelt, T.; Mack, S.; Nakajima, K.; Morishita, K.; Murai, R.; Jensen, M.A.; Buonassisi, T.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Impact of rain and soiling on potential induced degradation
Köhl, M.; Hoffmann, S.
Journal Article
2016Impact of the Firing Temperature Profile on Light Induced Degradation of Multicrystalline Silicon
Eberle, R.; Kwapil, W.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2016Improving the material quality of silicon ingots by aluminum gettering during crystal growth
Schön, J.; Krenckel, P.; Karches, B.; Schindler, F.; Giesecke, J.; Stieghorst, C.; Wiehl, N.; Schubert, M.C.; Riepe, S.
Journal Article
2016The influence of nitrogen on laser doping from phosphorous doped a-SiNx layers
Steinhauser, B.; Jäger, U.; Benick, J.; Chong, E.; Lam, J.; Steeman, R.; Rostan, H.; Nekarda, J.; Hermle, M.; Preu, R.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2016Influence of surface near doping concentration on contact formation of silver thick film contacts
Rothhardt, P.; Meier, S.; Hoenig, R.; Wolf, A.; Biro, D.
Journal Article
2016Inline quality rating of multi-crystalline wafers based on photoluminescence images
Demant, M.; Rein, S.; Haunschild, J.; Strauch, T.; Höffler, H.; Broisch, J.; Wasmer, S.; Sunder, K.; Anspach, O.; Brox, T.
Journal Article
2016Insights into metastability of photovoltaic materials at the mesoscale through massive I-V analytics
Peshek, T.J.; Fada, J.S.; Hu, Y.; Xu, Y.; Elsaeiti, M.A.; Schnabel, E.; Köhl, M.; French, R.H.
Journal Article
2016Microcracks in silicon wafers I: Inline detection and implications of crack morphology on wafer strength
Demant, M.; Welschehold, T.; Oswald, M.; Bartsch, S.; Brox, T.; Schoenfelder, S.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2016Microcracks in silicon wafers II: Implications on solar cell characteristics, statistics and physical origin
Demant, M.; Welschehold, T.; Kluska, S.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2016N-type multicrystalline silion for high efficiency solar cells
Riepe, S.; Krenckel, P.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.; Benick, J.
Journal Article
2016On the benefits of counting single photoluminescence photons for the investigation of low injection lifetime and traps in silicon
Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016On the emitter formation in nanotextured silicon solar cells to achieve improved electrical performances
Kafle, B.; Schön, J.; Fleischmann, C.; Werner, S.; Wolf, A.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.
Journal Article
2016Optical Modeling of Honeycomb Textures for Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells
Peters, I.; Hauser, H.; Tucher, N.; Bläsi, B.
Journal Article
2016Optical simulation of photovoltaic modules with multiple textured interfaces using the matrix-based formalism OPTOS
Tucher, N.; Eisenlohr, J.; Gebrewold, H.; Kiefel, P.; Höhn, O.; Hauser, H.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Bläsi, B.
Journal Article
2016Optimizing Adhesion of Laser Structured Plated Ni-Cu Contacts with Insights from Micro Characterization
Büchler, A.; Kluska, S.; Bartsch, J.; Cimiotti, G.; Brand, A.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Glatthaar, M.
Conference Paper
2016Ozone-Based Surface Conditioning Focused on an Improved Passivation for SHJ Solar Cells
Moldovan, A.; Dannenberg, T.; Temmler, J.; Kroely, L.; Zimmer, M.; Rentsch, J.
Journal Article
2016PC1Dmod 6.2 - improved simulation of c-Si devices with updates on device physics and user interface
Haug, H.; Greulich, J.
Journal Article
2016Perimeter recombination characterization by luminescence imaging
Fong, K.C.; Padilla, M.; Fell, A.; Franklin, E.; McIntosh, K.R.; Kho, T.C.; Blakers, A.W.; Nebel-Jacobsen, Y.; Surve, S.R.
Journal Article
2016Physically sound parameterization of incomplete ionization in aluminum-doped silicon
Steinkemper, H.; Altermatt, P.P.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2016Plasma-Free Dry-Chemical Texturing Process for High-Efficiency Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells
Kafle, B.; Freund, T.; Mannan, A.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Werner, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2016Precise parameterization of the recombination velocity at passivated phosphorus doped surfaces
Kimmerle, A.; Rahman, M.M.; Werner, S.; Mack, S.; Wolf, A.; Richter, A.; Haug, H.
Journal Article
2016Screen-printed metallization concepts for large-area back-contact back-junction silicon solar cells
Hendrichs, M.; Padilla, M.; Walter, J.; Clement, F.; Rech, B.
Journal Article
2016Simplified device simulation of silicon solar cells using a lumped parameter optical model
Fell, A.; McIntosh, K.R.; Fong, K.C.
Journal Article
2016Simplified fabrication of n-type Cz-Si HIP-MWT+ solar cells with 20% efficiency using laser structuring
Lohmüller, E.; Werner, S.; Maus, S.; Brand, A.; Jäger, U.; Nekarda, J.; Clement, F.
Journal Article
2016Solar cells with 20% efficiency and lifetime evaluation of epitaxial wafers
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Journal Article
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Journal Article
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2015Characterization and modelling of the boron-oxygen defect activation in compensated n-type silicon
Schön, J.; Niewelt, T.; Broisch, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
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Journal Article
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Chanaewa, A.; Schmitt, J.; Meyns, M.; Volkmann, M.; Klinke, C.; Hauff, E. von
Journal Article
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Journal Article
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Bin Tanvir, N.; Keding, R.; Rothhardt, P.; Meier, S.; Wolf, A.; Reinecke, H.; Biro, D.
Journal Article
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2015Electrochemical contact separation for PVD aluminum back contact solar cells
Kamp, M.; Maywald, A.; Bartsch, J.; Efinger, R.; Keding, R.; Glatthaar, M.; Glunz, S.W.; Krossing, I.
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2015An emperical method for imaging the short circuit current density in silicon solar cells based on dark lock-in thermography
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2015Enhanced energy conversion of up-conversion solar cells by the integration of compound parabolic concentrating optics
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Journal Article
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2015Grain-to-grain contrasts in photoluminescence images of silicon wafers
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2015Harmonically modulated luminescence: Bridging gaps in carrier lifetime metrology across the PV processing chain
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2015High and Low Work Function Materials for Passivated Contacts
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2015Honeycomb structure on multicrystalline silicon Al-BSF solar cell with 17.8% efficiency
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Journal Article
2015Impact of boron doping profiles on the specific contact resistance of screen printed Ag-Al contacts on silicon
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2015Influence of random pyramid surface texture on silver screen-printed contact formation for monocrystalline silicon wafer solar cells
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2015Light-induced degradation of silicon solar cells with aluminium oxide passivated rear side
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Fellmeth, T.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.
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Book Article
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Eisenlohr, J.; Lee, B.G.; Benick, J.; Feldmann, F.; Drießen, M.; Milenkovic, N.; Bläsi, B.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Hermle, M.
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2015Resistivity, doping concentrations, and carrier mobilities in compensated N- and P-type Czochralski silicon: Comparison of measurements and simulations and consistent description of material parameters
Broisch, J.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Fertig, F.; Soiland, A.-K.; Rein, S.
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Journal Article
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Rachow, T.; Milenkovic, N.; Steinhauser, B.; Benick, J.; Janz, S.; Hermle, M.; Reber, S.
Journal Article
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Kiefer, K.
Book Article
2015Spatially resolved impurity identification via temperature- and injection-dependent photoluminescence imaging
Mundt, L.; Schubert, M.C.; Schön, J.; Michl, B.; Niewelt, T.; Schindler, F.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2015Theoretical Investigation of Carrier-Selective Contacts Featuring Tunnel Oxides by Means of Numerical Device Simulation
Steinkemper, H.; Feldmann, F.; Bivour, M.; Hermle, M.
Conference Paper
2015Tunnel oxide passivated carrier-selective contacts based on ultra-thin SiO2 layers
Moldovan, A.; Feldmann, F.; Zimmer, M.; Rentsch, J.; Hermle, M.; Benick, J.
Journal Article
2015Tunnel oxide passivated contacts formed by ion implantation for applications in silicon solar cells
Reichel, C.; Feldmann, F.; Müller, R.; Reedy, R.C.; Lee, B.G.; Young, D.L.; Stradins, P.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2015A versatile formalism for optical simulation of textured sheets
Tucher, N.; Eisenlohr, J.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Bläsi, B.
Journal Article
This publication list has been generated from the publication database Fraunhofer-Publica.

Aktuelle Vorträge und Konferenzbeiträge

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Conference Paper
2016Long-Term Stability Evaluation of Copper-Containing Contacts on Cell and Module Level
Kluska, S.
Conference Paper
2016Material limits of silicon from state-of-the-art photoluminescence imaging techniques
Schindler, F.; Giesecke, J.; Michl, B.; Schön, J.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2016Minority carrier lifetime limitations in Si wafer solar cells with gallium phosphide window layers
Janz, S.; Feifel, M.; Ohlmann, J.; Benick, J.; Weiss, C.; Hermle, M.; Bett, A.W.; Dimroth, F.; Lackner, D.
Conference Paper
2016Modelling and analysis of solar cell efficiency distributions: Presentation held at 26th International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, PVSEC 2016, Singapore, 24 - 28 October 2016
Wasmer, S.; Greulich, J.; Höffler, H.; Wöhrle, N.; Rein, S.
Presentation
2016On the benefits of counting single photoluminescence photons for the investigation of low injection lifetime and traps in silicon
Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Optimizing Adhesion of Laser Structured Plated Ni-Cu Contacts with Insights from Micro Characterization
Büchler, A.; Kluska, S.; Bartsch, J.; Cimiotti, G.; Brand, A.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Glatthaar, M.
Conference Paper
2016Ozone-Based Surface Conditioning Focused on an Improved Passivation for SHJ Solar Cells
Moldovan, A.; Dannenberg, T.; Temmler, J.; Kroely, L.; Zimmer, M.; Rentsch, J.
Journal Article
2016Ozone-based surface conditioning: Combining excellent surface passivation and industrial feasibility for SHJ solar cells: Presentation held at 26th PVSEC 2016, Singapore, 24.10.2016-28.10.2016
Moldovan, A.; Fischer, A.; Dannenberg, T.; Temmler, J.; Bivour, M.; Zimmer, M.; Hermle, M.; Rentsch, J.; Adou-Ras, D.; Sonntag D.; Zhao, J.; Wissen, A.
Presentation
2016PC1Dmod 6.2 - improved simulation of c-Si devices with updates on device physics and user interface
Haug, H.; Greulich, J.
Journal Article
2016Photovoltaic Development Standardizing Based on Roadmaps and Technology Readiness Levels
Baliozian, P.; Mourad, S.; Morse, D.; Kim, S.; Friedrich, L.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2016Photovoltaics - Crystalline Silicon and Beyond: Presentation held at Photovoltaic Seminar, 9.9.2016, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland
Glunz, S.
Presentation
2016Photovoltaics in the German Power System. Past, Now and in the Future
Philipps, S.P.
Presentation
2016Plasma-Free Dry-Chemical Texturing Process for High-Efficiency Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells
Kafle, B.; Freund, T.; Mannan, A.; Clochard, L.; Duffy, E.; Werner, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hofmann, M.; Rentsch, J.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2016Rear side gratings for silicon solar cells: Efficiency enhancement finally demonstrated
Bläsi, B.; Tucher, N.; Eisenlohr, J.; Lee, B.G.; Benick, J.; Hauser, H.; Hermle, M.; Goldschmidt, J.C.
Conference Paper
2016Silicon solar cells with full-area passivated rear contacts: Presentation held at 26th International Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Conference, PVSEC 2016, Singapore, 24 - 28 October 2016
Richter, A.; Benick, J.; Feldmann, F.; Fell, A.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Presentation
2016Simplified fabrication of n-type Cz-Si HIP-MWT+ solar cells with 20% efficiency using laser structuring
Lohmüller, E.; Werner, S.; Maus, S.; Brand, A.; Jäger, U.; Nekarda, J.; Clement, F.
Journal Article
2016Solar cells with 20% efficiency and lifetime evaluation of epitaxial wafers
Drießen, M.; Amiri, D.; Milenkovic, N.; Steinhauser, B.; Lindekugel, S.; Benick, J.; Reber, S.; Janz, S.
Journal Article
2016Spatially resolved analysis of light induced degradation of multicrystalline PERC solar cells
Selinger, M.; Kwapil, W.; Schindler, F.; Krauß, K.; Fertig, F.; Michl, B.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Swirl Defect Investigation Using Temperature- and Injection-Dependent Photoluminescence Imaging
Youssef, A.; Schön, J.; Niewelt, T.; Mack, S.; Park, S.; Nakajima, K.; Morishita, K.; Murai, R.; Jensen, M.A.; Buonassisi, T.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2016Towards a 300 WP p-Type HIP-MWT-Module - Simulation, Experimental Results and Costs
Spribille, A.; Savisalo, T.; Kraft, A.; Eberlein, D.; Ebert, M.; Fellmeth, T.; Nold, S.; Pantsar, H.; Clement, F.
Conference Paper
2015Analysis and performance of dispensed and screen printed front side contacts at cell and module level
Rodriguez, C.; Pospischil, M.; Padilla, A.; Kuchler, M.; Klawitter, M.; Geipel, T.; Padilla, M.; Fellmeth, T.; Brand, A.; Efinger, R.; Linse, M.; Gentischer, H.; König, M.; Hörteis, M.; Wende, L.; Doll, O.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.
Conference Paper
2015Analysis of n-type IBC solar cells with diffused boron emitter locally blocked by implanted phosphorus
Müller, R.; Reichel, C.; Schrof, J.; Padilla, M.; Selinger, M.; Geisemeyer, I.; Benick, J.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2015Carrier-diffusion corrected J0-analysis of charge carrier lifetime measurements for increased consistency
Kimmerle, A.; Greulich, J.; Wolf, A.
Journal Article
2015Characterization of copper diffusion in silicon solar cells: 5th Workshop on Metallization of Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells 2014, Konstanz, Germany, 20.10.2014-21.10.2014
Kraft, A.; Wolf, C.; Bartsch, J.; Glatthaar, M.
Journal Article
2015Combined Microstructural and Electrical Characterization of Metallization Layers in Industrial Solar Cells
Kumar, P.; Willsch, B.; Dürrschnabel, M.; Aabdin, Z.; Hönig, R.; Peranio, N.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.; Eibl, O.
Conference Paper
2015Comprehensive comparison of different fine line printing technologies addressing the seed and plate approach with Ni-Cu-plating
Lorenz, A.; Kraft, A.; Gredy, C.; Filipovic, A.; Binder, S.; Krüger, K.; Bartsch, J.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.; Preu, R.; Reinecke, H.
Conference Paper
2015Comprehensive simulation and acceleration of the foil-metallization laser process
Graf, M.; Nekarda, J.; Lazzarotto Togny, F.; Streek, A.; Böhme, R.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2015Crystalline silicon solar cells with enhanced light trapping via rear side diffraction grating
Tucher, N.; Eisenlohr, J.; Hauser, H.; Benick, J.; Graf, M.; Müller, C.; Hermle, M.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Bläsi, B.
Journal Article
2015Design Rules for Solar Cells with Plated Metallization
Cimiotti, G.; Bartsch, J.; Kraft, A.; Mondon, A.; Glatthaar, M.
Journal Article
2015Development of multicrystalline silicon for 20 % efficient n-Type solar cells
Riepe, S.; Krenckel, P.; Schindler, F.; Schmid, C.; Strauch, T.; Benick, J.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2015Development of NIL processes for PV applications
Hauser, H.; Tucher, N.; Tokai, K.; Schneider, P.; Wellens, C.; Volk, A.; Barke, S.; Müller, C.; Glinsner, T.; Bläsi, B.
Conference Paper
2015Development, characterization and modelling of doping profile, contact resistance, and metal spiking in diffused and screen-printed boron emitters
Wöhrle, N.; Lohmüller, E.; Werner, S.; Greulich, J.
Conference Paper
2015Dispensing Technology on the Route to an Industrial Metallization Process
Pospischil, M.; Kuchler, M.; Klawitter, M.; Rodriguez, C.; Padilla, M.; Efinger, R.; Linse, M.; Padilla, A.; Gentischer, H.; König, M.; Hörteis, M.; Wende, L.; Doll, O.; Zengerle, R.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.
Conference Paper
2015Efficiency Potential of p- and n-Type High Performance Multicrystalline Silicon
Schindler, F.; Michl, B.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Feldmann, F.; Benick, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2015Electrical and Mechanical Properties of Plated Ni/Cu Contacts for Si Solar Cells
Kluska, S.; Bartsch, J.; Büchler, A.; Cimiotti, G.; Brand, A.A.; Hopman, S.; Glatthaar, M.
Conference Paper
2015Electrochemical contact separation for PVD aluminum back contact solar cells
Kamp, M.; Maywald, A.; Bartsch, J.; Efinger, R.; Keding, R.; Glatthaar, M.; Glunz, S.W.; Krossing, I.
Journal Article
2015Emitters grown by rapid vapour-phase direct doping for high efficiency solar cells
Lindekugel, S.; Rachow, T.; Milenkovic, N.; Richter, A.; Benick, J.; Janz, S.; Reber, S.
Conference Paper
2015Evaluation of flexographic printing technology for multi-busbar solar cells
Lorenz, A.; Senne, A.; Rohde, J.; Kroh, S.; Wittenberg, M.; Krüger, K.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.
Journal Article
2015Evaluation of screen-printed metallization concepts for large-area BC-BJ solar cells
Hendrichs, M.; Padilla, M.; Walter, J.; Clement, F.; Fell, A.; Rech, B.
Conference Paper
2015Foil metallization process for PERC solar cells towards industrial feasibility
Graf, M.; Eberlein, D.; Nagel, H.; Nekarda, J.; Böhme, R.; Streek, A.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2015Grain-to-grain contrasts in photoluminescence images of silicon wafers
Höffler, H.; Haunschild, J.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015High and Low Work Function Materials for Passivated Contacts
Feldmann, F.; Ritzau, K.-U.; Bivour, M.; Moldovan, A.; Modi, S.; Temmler, J.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Conference Paper
2015Identification of the most relevant metal impurities in mc n-type silicon for solar cells
Schön, J.; Schindler, F.; Kwapil, W.; Knörlein, M.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015Impact of boron doping profiles on the specific contact resistance of screen printed Ag-Al contacts on silicon
Lohmüller, E.; Werner, S.; Hoenig, R.; Greulich, J.; Clement, F.
Journal Article
2015Impact of rear side roughness on optical and electrical properties of a high-efficiency solar cell
Richter, M.; Saint-Cast, P.; Dannenberg, T.; Zimmer, M.; Rentsch, J.
Journal Article
2015Industrial N-type PERL cells with screen printed front side electrodes approaching 21% efficiency
Jäger, U.; Steinhauser, B.; Benick, J.; Chong, E.; Lam, J.; Steeman, R.; Rostan, H.; Nekarda, J.; Hermle, M.
Conference Paper
2015Investigating the impact of parameter and process variations on multicrystalline PERC cell efficiency
Wasmer, S.; Greulich, J.; Höffler, H.; Haunschild, J.; Demant, M.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2015The irresistible charm of a simple current flow pattern - approaching 25% with a solar cell featuring a full-area back contact
Glunz, S.W.; Feldmann, F.; Richter, A.; Bivour, M.; Reichel, C.; Steinkemper, H.; Benick, J.; Hermle, M.
Conference Paper
2015Lifetime limitations of epitaxial P- and N-type Si foils
Janz, S.; Milenkovic, N.; Drießen, M.; Reber, S.
Conference Paper
2015Light-Induced Degradation and Regeneration in n-Type Silicon
Niewelt, T.; Broisch, J.; Schön, J.; Haunschild, J.; Rein, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2015Light-induced degradation of silicon solar cells with aluminium oxide passivated rear side
Krauss, K.; Fertig, F.; Menzel, D.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Long-term and annealing stable, solderable PVD metallization with optimized Al diffusion barrier
Kumm, J.; Chacko, R.V.; Samadi, H.; Hartmann, P.; Eberlein, D.; Jäger, U.; Wolf, A.
Journal Article
2015Luminescent polymeric film containing an Eu(III) complex acting as UV protector and down-converter for Si-based solar cells and modules
González-Pérez, S.; Sanchiz, J.; Gonzalez-Diaz, B.; Holinski, S.; Borchert, D.; Hernandez-Rodriguez, C.; Guerrero-Lemus, R.
Journal Article
2015Molybdenum and tungsten oxide: High work function wide band gap contact materials for hole selective contacts of silicon solar cells
Bivour, M.; Temmler, J.; Steinkemper, H.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2015N-type and P-type silicon foils fabricated in a quasi-inline EPI reactor with bulk lifetimes exceeding 500 µs
Janz, S.; Milenkovic, N.; Drießen, M.; Reber, S.
Conference Paper
2015Optical properties of textured sheets. An efficient matrix-based modelling approach
Tucher, N.; Eisenlohr, J.; Kiefel, P.; Höhn, O.; Hauser, H.; Peters, M.; Müller, C.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Bläsi, B.
Conference Paper
2015Optical simulation and analysis of iso-textured silicon solar cells and modules including light trapping
Greulich, J.; Volk, A.-K.; Wöhrle, N.; Hädrich, I.; Wiese, M.; Hermle, M.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Optimization of BBr3 diffusion processes for n-type silicon solar cells
Werner, S.; Lohmüller, E.; Belledin, U.; Vlooswijk, A.H.G.; Naber, R.C.G.; Mack, S.; Wolf, A.
Conference Paper
2015Overcoming systematic photocurrent calculation errors in ray tracing simulations
Wöhrle, N.; Greulich, J.
Journal Article
2015Pathway and technologies for the transformation of the energy system: Presentation held at Sustainability Summit 2015, Freiburg, Germany, October 20, 2015
Bett, A.W.; Henning, H.-M.
Presentation
2015PC1Dmod 6.1 - state-of-the-art models in a well-known interface for improved simulation of Si solar cells
Haug, H.; Greulich, J.; Kimmerle, A.; Stensrud Marstein, E.
Journal Article
2015Preciptitate-Related Injection-Dependent Carrier Lifetime in n- and p-Type Silicon
Kwapil, W.; Schön, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2015Progress on industrial solar cell front side metallization by parallel dispensing technology
Pospischil, M.; Kuchler, M.; Klawitter, M.; Efinger, R.; Rodriguez, C.; Padilla, A.; Gentischer, H.; König, M.; Hörteis, M.; Wende, L.; Mette, A.; Clement, F.; Preu, R.; Biro, D.
Conference Paper
2015Pseudo FF and Voc analysis of Cz-Si based low concentrator solar cells
Fellmeth, T.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.
Journal Article
2015Quantification of Front Side Metallization Area on Silicon Wafer Solar Cells for Background Plating Detection
Heinrich, M.; Lieder, M.; Hoex, B.; Aberle, A.G.; Glatthaar, M.
Conference Paper
2015Quantitative assessment of the local leakage current in PV modules for degradation prediction
Nagel, H.; Glatthaar, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Conference Paper
2015Rear side sphere gratings for improved light trapping in crystalline silicon single junction and silicon-based tandem solar cells
Eisenlohr, J.; Lee, B.G.; Benick, J.; Feldmann, F.; Drießen, M.; Milenkovic, N.; Bläsi, B.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2015Short-circuit current density imaging methods for silicon solar cells
Fertig, F.; Padilla, M.; Breitenstein, O.; Höffler, H.; Geisemeyer, I.; Schubert, M.C.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Solar cells with epitaxial or gas phase diffused emitters above 21% efficiency
Rachow, T.; Milenkovic, N.; Steinhauser, B.; Benick, J.; Janz, S.; Hermle, M.; Reber, S.
Journal Article
2015Sputter damage to amorphous silicon layers for heterojunction solar cells
Meiners, B.-M.; Holinski, S.; Schäfer, P.; Hohage, S.; Borchert, D.
Conference Paper
2015Status and perspective of emitter formation by POCl3-diffusion
Wolf, A.; Kimmerle, A.; Werner, S.; Maier, S.; Belledin, U.; Meier, S.; Biro, D.
Conference Paper
2015Theoretical Investigation of Carrier-Selective Contacts Featuring Tunnel Oxides by Means of Numerical Device Simulation
Steinkemper, H.; Feldmann, F.; Bivour, M.; Hermle, M.
Conference Paper
2015Tunnel oxide passivated carrier-selective contacts based on ultra-thin SiO2 layers
Moldovan, A.; Feldmann, F.; Zimmer, M.; Rentsch, J.; Hermle, M.; Benick, J.
Journal Article
2015Tunnel oxide passivated carrier-selective contacts based on ultra-thin SiO2 layers grown by photo-oxidation or wet-chemical oxidation in ozonized water
Moldovan, A.; Feldmann, F.; Kaufmann, K.; Richter, S.; Werner, M.; Hagendorf, C.; Zimmer, M.; Rentsch, J.; Hermle, M.
Conference Paper
This publication list has been generated from the publication database Fraunhofer-Publica.