Electrolysis and Hydrogen Infrastructure

The production of hydrogen in water electrolyzers is a clean and efficient process that requires only water and electricity. If the hydrogen is produced using renewable electricity, we have a sustainable energy carrier for storing renewable energy.

Fraunhofer ISE has been working on electrolyzers to produce green hydrogen for over 30 years. We develop components and systems, integrate electrolyzers into the energy system and carry out sustainability and life cycle analyses. We focus on electrolysis with proton-exchange membranes (PEM) and anion-exchange membranes (AEM). Our broad expertise can support you in your electrolysis projects! 

Fields of Work

In the research topic "Electrolysis and Hydrogen Infrastructure" we focus on the following fields of work:

Characterization of Materials and Components

Development of Components for Membrane Water Electrolysis

Development and Evaluation of Hydrogen Infrastructures and Electrolyzers

We offer:

  • In-situ characterization and ex-situ analysis of materials and components in electrolysis cells and stacks
  • Development and evaluation of new cell components and stacks for water electrolysis
  • Test cells for your laboratory operations
  • Production research for membrane electrode assemblies (MEA) to optimize materials and manufacturing processes
  • Investigation of degradation mechanisms and derivation of rapid aging tests
  • Scientific monitoring of electrolyzers in field tests
  • System modeling for hydrogen yield prediction and efficiency optimization
  • Evaluation of operational management concepts and business models for electrolyzers in the energy system
  • Techno-economic analysis of hydrogen imports and hydrogen-producing regions
  • Concept development and deployment analysis of electrolyzers in hydrogen infrastructures and model regions
  • Technology and market studies as well as cost models for electrolyzers

 

Please contact us!

R&D Infrastructure

Our research and development activities make use of the excellent infrastructure at Fraunhofer ISE:

 

Elektrolysis Lab

We characterize and analyse electrolysis materials, cells and entire stacks. We support the upscaling of electrolyzers using state-of-the-art components and production research for the membrane electrode assembly.

 

Hydrogen Refueling Station

As a research platform, we offer the refueling station for component and sensor tests in real operation, the investigation of operating processes and concept development.

Research Projects

 

PoWerD

Atlas of Suitable Sites for Power-to-Hydrogen Plant in Germany

 

OffsH2ore

Offshore hydrogen production by PEM water electrolysis

 

Prometheus

New Concept of a Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolysis Stack for Elevated Temperatures and Pressures

Recent Publications on the Topic "Electrolysis and Hydrogen Infrastructure"

Jahr
Year
Titel/Autor:in
Title/Author
Publikationstyp
Publication Type
2023 In situ Characterisation of PEM Water Electrolysis Cells - Update on Ongoing Research Activities at Fraunhofer ISE
Smolinka, Tom
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Auf dem Weg in eine klimaneutrale Energieversorgung - Transformationspfade für die deutsche Energiewende
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Transformation of Germany’s energy system in the context of the EU Green Deal targets
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Energiesicherheit und klimaneutrale Energiesysteme
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Development of the Future Energy System and a Possible Role of Nuclear Fusion
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 OffsH2ore - Feasibility Study of a Large-scale Offshore Hydrogen Production Platform
Wunsch, Anna
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Developing the Geo-Techno-Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Ecosystems
Weise, Friedrich; Koch, Barbara; Voglstätter, Christopher; Smolinka, Tom; Hebling, Christopher
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Parasitic Effects in Impedance Spectrum of PEM Water Electrolysis Cells: Case Study of High-Frequency Inductive Effects
Franzetti, Irene; Pushkarev, Artem; Chan, Ai-Lin; Smolinka, Tom
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Developing the GEO-Techno-Economic Analysis of Hydrogen Ecosystems
Weise, Friedrich; Koch, Barbara; Voglstätter, Christopher; Smolinka, Tom; Hebling, Christopher
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 Ukrainian Hydrogen Export Potential: Opportunities and Challenges in the Light of the Ongoing War
Sukurova, Natalia; Wietschel, Martin; Fragoso García, Joshua; Müller, Viktor Paul; Franke, Katja; Kantel, Anne; Graf, Marieke Emilie Anna; Jalbout, Eddy; Pieton, Natalia; Abdel-Khalek, Hazem; Bergup, Emily; Weise, Friedrich
Bericht
Report
2023 Latest Development on Advanced Low Temperature Water Electrolysis Technology
Smolinka, Tom
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Pushing the limits of screen printing towards low iridium loadings of catalyst layers for PEM water electrolysis
Horstmann de la Vina, Jerónimo; Klose, Selina; Romero Arellano, Yanel Anahí; Andhe, Sai Kumar; Ney, Linda; Smolinka, Tom
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Power-to-X Country Analyses. Site-specific, Comparative Analysis for Suitable Power-to-X Pathways and Products in Developing and Emerging Countries
Hank, Christoph; Holst, Marius; Thelen, Connor; Kost, Christoph; Längle, Sven; Schaadt, Achim; Smolinka, Tom
Studie
Study
2023 Eckpunkte der Entwicklung des Energiesystems und eine mögliche Rolle der Kernfusion
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Auf dem Weg zum Energiesystem Deutschland 2045 - Technologien, Systemfragen, Transformationspfade
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Evaluation of Spatial Clustering Algorithms for Analysis and Division of Hydrogen Ecosystems
Weise, Friedrich
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Energietechnologien der Zukunft - mit Technologiesouveränität zur Energiesouveränität
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Hydrogen and Fuel Cells for Our Energy Transition
Groos, Ulf
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Auf dem Weg in eine klimaneutrale Energieversorgung - Transformationspfade für die deutsche Energiewende
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Regenerative Fuel Cells
Garche, Jürgen; Smolinka, Tom; Assunta Navarra, M.; Panero, S.; Scrosati, B.
Aufsatz in Buch
Book Article
2021 Cost Forecast for Low Temperature Electrolysis - Technology Driven Bottom-Up Prognosis for PEM and Alkaline Water Electrolysis Systems
Holst, Marius; Aschbrenner, Stefan; Smolinka, Tom; Voglstätter, Christopher; Grimm, Gunter
Studie
Study
2021 Protocol for Harmonized Measurements and Reproducibility
Lickert, Thomas; Hahn, Daniel; Smolinka, Tom; Metz, S.
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Investigations toward a Non-Aqueous Hybrid Redox-Flow Battery with a Manganese-Based Anolyte and Catholyte
Schmucker, M.; Gully, T.A.; Schmidt, A.; Schmidt, B.; Bromberger, Kolja; Disch, Jürgen; Butschke, Burkhard; Burgenmeister, Benedikt; Sonnenberg, K.; Riedel, S.; Krossing, Ingo
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Where Does the Journey for PEM Electrolysis have to Go in the Next 10 Years?
Smolinka, Tom
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Innovationpitch: Optimierung der Elektrolyse für die Wasserstofferzeugung
Smolinka, Tom
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Synthetische Kraftstoffe - Ökonomie, Gesellschaft und Nachhaltigkeit
Matschoss, P.; Hauser, E.; Müller-Langer, F.; Schröder, J.; Brand, U.; Dietrich, R.-U.; Eggemann, L.; Peters, R.; Theiss, L.; Dittmeyer, R.; Rösch, C.; Haase, M.; Millinger, M.; Terrapon-Pfaff, J.; Fuchs, A.-L.; Schmidt, M.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Critical materials for water electrolysers at the example of the energy transition in Germany
Kiemel, Steffen; Smolinka, Tom; Lehner, Franz; Full, Johannes; Sauer, Alexander; Miehe, Robert
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Crossing the Valley of Death. From Fundamental to Applied Research in Electrolysis
Siegmund, Daniel; Metz, Sebastian; Peinecke, Volker; Warner, Terence E.; Cremers, Carsten; Grevé, Anna; Smolinka, Tom; Segets, Doris; Apfel, Ulf-Peter
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Production, Utilisation and Distribution of Hydrogen
Hadrich, Max Julius
Vortrag
Presentation
2019 Initial Approaches in Benchmarking and Round Robin Testing for Proton Exchange Membrane Water Electrolyzers
Bender, G.; Carmo, M.; Smolinka, Tom; Gago, A.; Danilovic, N.; Mueller, M.; Ganci, F.; Fallisch, Arne; Lettenmeier, P.; Friedrich, Kaspar Andreas; Ayers, K.; Pivovar, B.; Mergel, J.; Stolten, D.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2018 Economics & carbon dioxide avoidance cost of methanol production based on renewable hydrogen and recycled carbon dioxide - power-to-methanol
Hank, Christoph; Gelpke, S.; Schnabl, A.; White, Robin J.; Full, Johannes; Wiebe, N.; Smolinka, Tom; Schaadt, Achim; Henning, Hans-Martin; Hebling, Christopher
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2018 Round Robin Testing for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Water Electrolysis - Phase 2
Bender, G.; Carmo, M.; Fischer, S.; Lickert, Thomas; Smolinka, Tom; Young, J.
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 Hydraulic ex situ through-plane characterization of porous transport layers in PEM water electrolysis cells
Bromberger, Kolja; Ghinaiya, Jagdishkumar; Lickert, Thomas; Fallisch, Arne; Smolinka, Tom
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2018 Wasserelektrolyse ist bereit für den Markthochlauf
Smolinka, Tom; Lehner, Franz; Kiemel, Steffen; Tjarks, Geert
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2018 What Will Be the Cost of Renewable Hydrogen Today and in the Future. Results of Comprehensive Techno-Economic Simulation-Based Analysis of one Representative Power-to-Hydrogen Plant (D3.2)
Voglstätter, Christopher; Wiebe, N.
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 Industrialization of Water Electrolysis in Germany: Towards a GW Industry for a Successful Transition of the Energy Sector to Renewable Energies. A short overview about the main results of the study
Fallisch, A.; Kiemel, Steffen; Lehnert, F.; Miehe, Robert; Smolinka, T.; Wiebe, N.; Tjarks, G.
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 Technische Untersuchung des Abwärmepotentials von Power-to-Gas-Anlagen
Holst, Marius
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 Waste heat utilisation of power to hydrogen plants for local and district heating
Knetsch, Nikolas; Holst, Marius
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and Half-Cell-Potential Measurements as Tools for Degradation Analysis and AST Development within PEM water Electrolysis Test Cells
Lickert, Thomas; Schwarz, Claudia; Fallisch, Arne; Friske, Anatolij; Smolinka, Tom
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Investigation on PEM water electrolysis cell design and components for a HyCon solar hydrogen generator
Fallisch, Arne; Schellhase, Leon; Fresko, J.; Zechmeister, M.; Zedda, Mario; Ohlmann, Jens; Zielke, L.; Paust, N.; Smolinka, Tom
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 Comprehensive investigation of novel pore-graded gas diffusion layers for high-performance and cost-effective proton exchange membrane electrolyzers
Lettenmeier, P.; Kolb, S.; Sata, N.; Fallisch, Arne; Zielke, L.; Thiele, Simon; Gago, A.S.; Friedrich, Kaspar Andreas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 Model of oxygen bubbles and performance impact in the porous transport layer of PEM water electrolysis cells
Nouri-Khorasani, A.; Tabu Ojong, Emile; Smolinka, Tom; Wilkinson, David P.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 Towards selective test protocols for accelerated in situ degradation of PEM electrolysis cell components
Lickert, Thomas; Schwarz, Claudia; Gese, Patricia; Fallisch, Arne; Smolinka, Tom
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 In-situ testing methods for membrane-electrode-assemblies
Groos, Ulf
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Investigation on porous transport layers for PEM electrolysers
Fallisch, Arne; Ghinaiya, J.; Bromberger, Kolja; Kiermaier, M.; Lickert, Thomas; Smolinka, Tom
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Development of an experimentally validated semi-empirical fully-coupled performance model of a PEM electrolysis cell with a 3-D structured porous transport layer
Tabu Ojong, Emile; Kwan, J.T.H.; Nouri-Khorasani, A.; Bonakdarpour, A.; Wilkinson, David P.; Smolinka, Tom
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 The power-to-methanol process chain - a life cycle assessment and CO2 avoidance cost analysis
Hank, Christoph; Hömberg, J.; White, Robin J.; Schaadt, Achim
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Hydrogen concentrator demonstrator module with 19,8% solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency according to the higher heating value
Fallisch, Arne; Schellhase, Leon; Fresko, J.; Zedda, Mario; Ohlmann, Jens; Steiner, Marc; Bösch, Armin; Zielke, L.; Thiele, Simon; Dimroth, Frank; Smolinka, Tom
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 PEM Water Electrolysis: Impact of Cell Design and Porous Components Properties on Mass Transport Limitation
Fouda-Onana, F.; Chelghoum, S.; Serre, G.; Bromberger, Kolja; Smolinka, Tom; Chandesris, M.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2017 Characterization of PEM fuel cells by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Gerteisen, Dietmar; Scherzer, Anne-Christine; Keller, Stefan
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Cost break down and cost reduction strategies for PEM water electrolysis systems
Smolinka, Tom; Wiebe, N.; Thomassen, M.
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Elektrischer Antriebsstrang für Arbeits- und Nutzfahrzeuge (ELAAN)
Keller, Stefan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2017 First investigations towards the feasibility of an Al/Br2 battery based on ionic liquids
Hog, M.; Burgenmeister, Benedikt; Bromberger, Kolja; Schuster, M.; Riedel, S.; Krossing, Ingo
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2016 Towards low-cost and efficient hydrogen production by PEM water electrolysis - design and performance optimization for a high-pressure stack. Result of the European Project "NOVEL"
Smolinka, Tom; Lickert, Thomas; Gese, Patricia; Georg, Andreas
Vortrag
Presentation
2013 Position dependent analysis of membrane electrode assembly degradation of a direct methanol fuel cell via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Hartmann, Philip; Zamel, Nada; Gerteisen, Dietmar
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
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