Silicon-Based Tandem Solar Cells and Modules

The aim of our work on Silicon-based Tandem Solar Cells and Modules is to achieve higher efficiency levels for solar cells and an even greater reduction in the cost of solar electricity . This technology is one of the fastest developing solar technologies and makes it possible to overcome the 29.4 %Auger limit of single junction silicon solar cells. With the expected higher efficiencies of tandem solar cells, a higher energy yield per surface area can be achieved. This creates potential savings in solar cell and module materials - an important aspect with regard to the sustainability of photovoltaics. 

We cover the entire value chain from technology development and analysis of cells and modules through to the integration of modules in a wide range of applications. We evaluate the latest technologies and processes for cell and module manufacturers as well as for system and material manufacturers. In addition, our expertise in the areas of simulation, cell-, material- and module- analysis as well as cost and life cycle analysis enables us to offer our customers a comprehensive range of options for evaluating and transferring the tandem technology to an industrial environment.

Fields of Work

In the research topic "Silicon-Based Tandem Solar Cells and Modules" we focus on the following fields of work:

Development of Perovskite- Silicon Tandem Solar Cells

Development of III-V/ Silicon Tandem Solar Cells

Module Technologies for Tandem Solar Cells

Analysis and Simulation of Silicon-Based Tandem Solar Cells

Calibration and Reliability Tests for Tandem Modules

Calibration of Tandem Solar Cells

Development of Customized Silicon Solar Cells

R&D Infrastructure

At Fraunhofer ISE, we benefit from this infrastructure for our research and development activities:

 

Center for High Efficiency Solar Cells

Technologies for highest PV efficiency values

 

PV-TEC

Photovoltaic Technology Evaluation Center

Production and Measurement Technology for Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

 

Module-TEC

Module Technology Evaluation Center

Production and Process Technology and Extensive Analysis Options for Module Technology

 

Accredited Lab

CalLab PV Cells

Calibration / measurement of solar cells of various PV technologies

 

Accredited Lab

CalLab PV Modules

Calibration of photovoltaic modules

 

Accredited Lab

TestLab PV Modules

Measurements and tests for the design qualification and type approval of PV modules

Selected Research Projects

 

LiverPool

Linear Evaporation Processes for Large-Area Industrially Scalable Perovskite-Silicon Tandem Solar Cells

 

Pero-Si-SCALE

Technology Platform for Scaling Up Perovskite-Silicon Tandem Solar Cells and Modules

 

PrEsto

Perovskite silicon tandem solar cells: Development of scalable process technologies

Current Publications on the Topic "Silicon-Based Tandem Solar Cells and Modules"

Jahr
Year
Titel/Autor:in
Title/Author
Publikationstyp
Publication Type
2024 Spectrometric Characterization for Triple-Junction Solar Cells
Aulich, Johanna; Chojniak, David; Bett, Alexander J.; Steiner, Marc; Schindler, Florian; Siefer, Gerald; Schubert, Martin; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Glunz, Stefan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Spectrometric Determination of Current Matching in Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Bett, Alexander J.; Chojniak, David; Schachtner, Michael; Reichmuth, Kasimir; Schulze, Patricia; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; Heydarian, Minasadat; King, Hunter; Sittinger, Volker; Schindler, Florian; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen; Siefer, Gerald; Bett, Andreas W.; Schubert, Martin
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 Tuning Crystallization for Highly Efficient Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Mahmoud, Mohamed Abdelaziz Abdelnaby; Er-Raji, Oussama; Schulze, Patricia; Borchert, Anna Juliane; Bett, Andreas W.
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Structuring of perovskite-silicon tandem solar cells for reduced reflectance and thermalization losses
Callies, Adrian; Hanser, Mario; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Bläsi, Benedikt; Höhn, Oliver
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Spectrometric Characterization of Monolithic Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Bett, Alexander J.; Chojniak, David; Schachtner, Michael; Reichmuth, Kasimir; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; Schulze, Patricia; Fischer, Oliver; Schindler, Florian; Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen; Siefer, Gerald; Schubert, Martin
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Upscaling of Perovskite-Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Schultz-Wittmann, Oliver; Hermle, Martin; Goraya, Baljeet Singh; Nold, Sebastian; Schulze, Patricia
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Translation of Outdoor Tandem PV Module I-V Measurements to a STC Power Rating
Steiner, Marc; Siefer, Gerald
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Mask and plate: a scalable front metallization with low-cost potential for III-V-based tandem solar cells enabling 31.6 % conversion efficiency
Schube, Jörg; Höhn, Oliver; Schygulla, Patrick; Müller, Ralph; Jahn, Mike; Mikolasch, Gabriele; Steiner, Marc; Predan, Felix; Bartsch, Jonas; Dimroth, Frank; Clement, Florian; Keding, Roman
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Monolithic Two-Terminal Perovskite/Perovskite/Silicon Triple-Junction Solar Cells with Open Circuit Voltage > 2.8 V
Heydarian, Maryamsadat; Heydarian, Minasadat; Bett, Alexander J.; Bivour, Martin; Schindler, Florian; Hermle, Martin; Schubert, Martin; Schulze, Patricia; Borchert, Anna Juliane; Glunz, Stefan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Photovoltaics on Earth vs. Space
Lackner, David; Philipps, Simon; Bett, Andreas W.
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Roller Nanoimprinted Honeycomb Texture as an Efficient Antireflective Coating for Perovskite Solar Cells
Krajewski, Maciej; Callies, Adrian; Heydarian, Minasadat; Heydarian, Maryamsadat; Hanser, Mario; Schulze, Patricia; Bläsi, Benedikt; Höhn, Oliver
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 LED Solar Simulators - A Spectral Adjustment Procedure for Tandem Solar Cells
Chojniak, David; Bett, Alexander J.; Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen; Reichmuth, Kasimir; Schachtner, Michael; Siefer, Gerald
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 PV at Multi-Terawatt Scale: Waiting is not an Option
Philipps, Simon
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Maximizing Current Density in Monolithic Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Heydarian, Minasadat; Meßmer, Christoph Alexander; Bett, Alexander J.; Heydarian, Maryamsadat; Chojniak, David; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; Tutsch, Leonard; Bivour, Martin; Siefer, Gerald; Schubert, Martin; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Hermle, Martin; Glunz, Stefan; Schulze, Patricia
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Insights into perovskite film formation using the hybrid evaporation/spin-coating route: An in situ XRD study
Er-Raji, Oussama; Rustam, Lina; Kore, Bhushan; Glunz, Stefan; Schulze, Patricia
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Resource-efficient generation of large-area micro and nanostructures
Bläsi, Benedikt; Müller, Martina; Rossmeier, Harald
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Understanding Contact Nonuniformities at Interfaces in Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells Using Luminescence Imaging, Lock-In Thermography, and 2D/3D Simulations
Fischer, Oliver; Fell, Andreas; Meßmer, Christoph Alexander; Efinger, Raphael; Schindler, Florian; Glunz, Stefan; Schubert, Martin
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Two-terminal III-V//Si triple-junction solar cell with power conversion efficiency of 35.9 % at AM1.5g
Schygulla, Patrick; Müller, Ralph; Lackner, David; Höhn, Oliver; Hauser, Hubert; Bläsi, Benedikt; Predan, Felix; Benick, Jan; Hermle, Martin; Glunz, Stefan W.; Dimroth, Frank
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 PV Research in 2022: State of the Art and New Directions
Glunz, Stefan
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Monolithic 2-Terminal Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Schulze, Patricia; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; McMullin, Kaitlyn; Heydarian, Minasadat; Er-Raji, Oussama; Heydarian, Maryamsadat; Efinger, Raphael; Schultz-Wittmann, Oliver; Meßmer, Christoph Alexander; Bett, Alexander J.; Fischer, Oliver; Tutsch, Leonard; Erath, Denis; Pingel, Sebastian; Hatt, Thibaud; Schubert, Martin; Bivour, Martin; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Hermle, Martin; Glunz, Stefan
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Upscaling of Perovskite-Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Schultz-Wittmann, Oliver; Schulze, Patricia; Er-Raji, Oussama; Efinger, Raphael; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; Heydarian, Maryamsadat; Mc Mullin, Kaitlyn; Fischer, Oliver; Bett, Alexander J.; Erath, Denis; Pingel, Sebastian; Heitmann, Ulrike; Kiaee, Zohreh; Kohlstädt, Markus; Kore, Bhushan; Nagel, Henning; Schubert, Martin; Bivour, Martin; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Borchert, Anna Juliane; Hermle, Martin; Glunz, Stefan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 TCO and Grid Electrodes for Perovskite-Silicon Tandem Solar Cells: Basic Considerations and Upscaling Aspects
Messmer, Christoph; Tutsch, Leonard; Pingel, Sebastian; Schön, Jonas; Fell, Andreas; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Goraya, Baljeet Singh; Clement, Florian; Lorenz, Andreas; Nold, Sebastian; Bivour, Martin; Hermle, Martin
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Calibration of metastable tandem solar cells
Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen; Reichmuth, Kasimir; Chojniak, David; Rauer, Michael; Schachtner, Michael; Siefer, Gerald
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Hyperuniform Disordered Structures for Light Trapping in Silicon Based Tandem Solar Cells
Höhn, Oliver; Hauser, Hubert; Mühlbach, Kai; Bläsi, Benedikt
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Light Trapping Gratings for Solar Cells: An Analytical Approach to Find the Best Periods
Bläsi, Benedikt; Hanser, Mario; Jäger, Klaus; Höhn, Oliver
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Plated Copper Electrodes for Two-Terminal Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Hatt, Thibaud; Schulze, Patricia; Er-Raji, Oussama; Richter, Armin; Schultz-Wittmann, Oliver; Efinger, Raphael; Tutsch, Leonard; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Kluska, Sven; Glatthaar, Markus; Bartsch, Jonas; Glunz, Stefan
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Spectrometric Determination of Current Matching in Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Bett, Alexander J.; Chojniak, David; Schachtner, Michael; Reichmuth, Kasimir; Schulze, Patricia; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; Schindler, Florian; Heydarian, Maryamsadat; King, Hunter; Sittinger, Volker; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen; Siefer, Gerald; Bett, Andreas W.; Schubert, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Photonic Thin Film Annealing Processes for Solar Cells
Münzer, Anna
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Efficient Charge Carrier Extraction in Perovskite-Silicon Tandem Solar Cells Investigated by Numerical Simulation
Meßmer, Christoph Alexander; Schön, Jonas; Würfel, Uli; Schulze, Patricia; Schubert, Martin; Bivour, Martin; Glunz, Stefan; Hermle, Martin
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Monolithic 2-Terminal Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Schulze, Patricia; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; Bivour, Martin; Heydarian, Minasadat; Er-Raji, Oussama; Heydarian, Maryamsadat; Efinger, Raphael; Schultz-Wittmann, Oliver; Meßmer, Christoph Alexander; Bett, Alexander J.; Fischer, Oliver; Tutsch, Leonard; Erath, Denis; Pingel, Sebastian; Hatt, Thibaud; Schubert, Martin; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Hermle, Martin; Glunz, Stefan
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Complex refractive indices of Spiro-TTB and C60 for optical analysis of perovskite silicon tandem solar cells
Sittinger, Volker; Schulze, Patricia; Meßmer, Christoph Alexander; Pflug, Andreas; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Spray pyrolysis of ZnO:In: Characterization of Growth Mechanism and Interface Analysis on p-type GaAs and n-type Si Semiconductor Materials
Heitmann, Ulrike; Westraadt, Johan; O'Connell, Jacques; Jakob, Leonie; Dimroth, Frank; Bartsch, Jonas; Janz, Stefan; Neethling, Jan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Tuning Perovskite Crystallization in the Hybrid Route
Mahmoud, Mohamed Abdelaziz Abdelnaby; Schulze, Patricia; Bett, Andreas W.; Er-Raji, Oussama
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Nanopatterning of Perovskite Thin Films for Enhanced and Directional Light Emission
Muscarella, Loreta A.; Cordaro, Andrea; Krause, Georg; Pal, Debapriya; Grimaldi, Gianluca; Antony, Leo Sahaya Daphne; Langhorst, David; Callies, Adrian; Bläsi, Benedikt; Höhn, Oliver; Koenderink, A. Femius; Polman, Albert
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Impact of lateral effects on large scale perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell performance
Reichmuth, Kasimir
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Plated Copper Electrodes for Two-Terminal Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Hatt, Thibaud; Schulze, Patricia; Er-Raji, Oussama; Richter, Armin; Efinger, Raphael; Schultz-Wittmann, Oliver; Heydarian, Minasadat; Tutsch, Leonard; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Glatthaar, Markus; Glunz, Stefan; Bartsch, Jonas
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Combining drift-diffusion and equivalent-circuit models for efficient 3D tandem solar cell simulations
Fell, Andreas; Schultz-Wittmann, Oliver; Meßmer, Christoph Alexander; Schubert, Martin; Glunz, Stefan
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Monolithic 2-Terminal Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
Schulze, Patricia; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; Meßmer, Christoph Alexander; Heydarian, Minasadat; Er-Raji, Oussama; Heydarian, Maryamsadat; Efinger, Raphael; Schultz-Wittmann, Oliver; Fischer, Oliver; Bett, Alexander J.; Tutsch, Leonard; Pingel, Sebastian; Schubert, Martin; Hatt, Thibaud; Erath, Denis; Bivour, Martin; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Glunz, Stefan; Hermle, Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 The annual-hydrogen-yield-climatic-response ratio: evaluating the real-life performance of integrated solar water splitting devices
Köhlbach, Moritz; Höhn, Oliver; Rehfeld, Kira; Finkbeiner, Manuel; Barry, James; May, Matthias M.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Light trapping gratings for solar cells: An analytical period optimization approach
Bläsi, Benedikt; Hanser, Mario; Jäger, Klaus; Höhn, Oliver
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Impact of Lateral Effects on EQE Measurements of Large Scale Tandem Solar Cells
Reichmuth, Kasimir; Fell, Andreas; Siefer, Gerald; Schachtner, Michael; Chojniak, David; Fischer, Oliver; Mühleis, Matthias; Rauer, Michael; Hohl-Ebinger, Jochen; Schubert, Martin C.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 A novel recycling method for encapsulated perovskite mesoscopic photovoltaic devices with minimal performance loss
Bogachuk, Dmitry; Windt, Peter van der; Martineau, David; Narbey, Stephanie; Verma, Anand; Zouhair, Salma; Hinsch, Andreas; Kohlstädt, Markus; Wagner, Lukas
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 How to make perovskite photovoltaic devices stable under reverse bias
Bogachuk, Dmitry; Wagner, Lukas; Martineau, David; Zouhair, Salma; Hinsch, Andreas
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Stable, cost-effective, sustainable and recyclable perovskite photovoltaics using carbon-based electrodes
Bogachuk, Dmitry; Wagner, Lukas; Windt, Peter Van Der; Martineau, David; Zouhair, Salma; Hinsch, Andreas
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Monolithic 2-terminal perovskite silicon tandem solar cells
Schulze, Patricia; Kabakli, Özde Seyma; Bett, Alexander J.; Bivour, Martin; Efinger, Raphael; Fett, Bastian; Hähnel, Angelika; Hagendorf, Christian; Herbig, Bettina; Heydarian, Maryamsadat; Heydarian, Minasadat; King, Hunter; Lange, Stefan; Luderer, Christoph; Meßmer, Christoph Alexander; Naumann, Volker; Penn, Michaela; Romero Sierra, Camila A.; Schubert, Martin; Sittinger, Volker; Tutsch, Leonard; Hermle, Martin; Glunz, Stefan W.; Bett, Andreas W.; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Challenges in the Fabrication of a Glued III-V on Si Tandem Solar Cell Using a ZnO-Based TCA
Heitmann, Ulrike; Bartsch, Jonas; Kluska, Sven; Huschmand Nia, Nima; Wulf, Jana; Lackner, David; Dimroth, Frank; Janz, Stefan
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 High-Efficiency Monolithic Photosupercapacitors: Smart Integration of a Perovskite Solar Cell with a Mesoporous Carbon Double-Layer Capacitor
Berestok, Taisiia; Diestel, Christian; Ortlieb, Niklas; Büttner, Jan; Matthews, Joel; Schulze, Patricia S. C.; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Glunz, Stefan W.; Fischer, Anna
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Energy Yield and Performance Ratio of III-V on Silicon Dual Junction Solar Cells in Different Climate Zones
Höhn, Oliver; Hanser, Mario; Steiner, Marc; Lorenz, Elke; Bläsi, Benedikt; Glunz, Stefan; Dimroth, Frank
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
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