Integrated Photovoltaics

The integration of PV technology in buildings, vehicles and roadways and its incorporation into agricultural and water areas as well as in urban areas promises a technical potential of several terawatts of installable capacity. Instead of conflicts of use, there are synergies such as strengthening climate resilience in agriculture and for bodies of water, noise protection on roads and railways and weather protection for vehicles and traffic routes.

We develop technologies that help to tap into this attractive potential. Integrated PV requires individual solutions that meet multifunctional and often aesthetic requirements. We support our customers in the development of special module designs and the selection of suitable materials.

In our accredited calibration laboratory CalLab PV Modules, we determine the precise performance data of the modules under various operating conditions and create the basis for yield simulations. We test the reliability of innovative module designs based on new materials in our accredited TestLab PV Modules and prepare the product certification. In the Outdoor Performance Lab, we examine and evaluate the performance of PV modules and systems in operation.

The integration of photovoltaics is often accompanied by an adaptation and optimization of the entire electrical system. We therefore develop customized, holistic solutions including battery storage and power electronic converters, from system planning to software.

 

Fields of Work

In the research topic "Integrated Photovoltaics" we focus on the following fields of work:

Floating Photovoltaics

Analysis of the interaction between PV and water, technical optimization and quality assurance.

Agrivoltaics

Technical optimization and quality assurance of agrivoltaic systems for maximum yields of PV energy and crop.

Biodiversity Photovoltaics

Biodiv-PV produces electricity and biodiversity on the same area.

Building-integrated Photovoltaics

Building physics modeling, development and evaluation of building-integrated PV modules

Road-integrated Photovoltaics

Module and system development for PV road roofing and PV noise protection.

Urban Photovoltaics

Technical optimization and quality assurance of PV on sealed surfaces in cities and municipalities.

Vehicle-integrated Photovoltaics

Technology development for the mechanical and electrical integration of photovoltaics in vehicles.

Studies and Analyses

We prepare potential studies, yield forecasts, techno-economic analyses and life cycle analyses for all integrated PV technologies.

Calculating Land Potential

At Fraunhofer ISE, we investigate the potential for integrated PV at local, regional and national level on the basis of geographical information systems (GIS). We take specific boundary conditions into account by means of multi-criteria decision analyses of current PV technologies. This also includes the current stock of the respective PV technology.

Our services for municipalities, federal states and industry

  • Recording and classification of boundary conditions
  • Spatially resolved solar potentials for various PV technologies
  • Site evaluation based on various criteria (e.g. geographical, legal and technical factors)
  • Localization and classification of suitable areas
  • Scenario-based solar potentials
  • Yield simulations for various module technologies, including bifacial PV

Yield Forecasts

Fraunhofer ISE draws on meaningful radiation and weather data and simulates the structure of the system precisely. Yield-reducing factors such as soiling and shading are precisely determined.

Techno-economic and Life Cycle Analyses

We analyze the costs for specific components, complete systems and ultimately for power generation (€/kWh), depending on materials and manufacturing processes. As part of a sustainability assessment, we can determine CO2 emissions, energy and material efficiency over the entire life cycle.

R&D Infrastructure

At Fraunhofer ISE, we benefit from this infrastructure for our research and development activities:

 

Photovoltaic Modules

Module-TEC

Module Technology Evaluation Center

Production and Process Technology and Extensive Analysis Options for Module Technology

 

Photovoltaic Modules

CalLab PV Modules

Our services range from the calibration of individual cells and modules to customer-specific tasks such as the calibration of bifacial modules.

 

Photovoltaic Modules

TestLab PV Modules

Measurements and tests for the design qualification and type approval of PV modules

 

Outdoor Performance Lab

Precise Evaluation of PV Modules

 

Building-integrated Photovoltaics

TestLab Solar Façades

Optical and thermal characterization of façade-integrated PV components

Selected Research Projects

 

PVwins

Development of Wall-Integrated PV Elements for Noise Protection

 

Design2PV

Development of industrially manufacturable BIPV modules with high efficiency, innovative design and great design freedom

 

PV2GO

Solar Potentials of German Traffic Routes

Information Materials & Flyers on the Topic "Integrated Photovoltaics"

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Current Publications on the Topic "Integrated Photovoltaics"

Jahr
Year
Titel/Autor:in
Title/Author
Publikationstyp
Publication Type
2023 Auf dem Weg in eine klimaneutrale Energieversorgung - Transformationspfade für die deutsche Energiewende
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Benefits of pairing floating solar photovoltaics with hydropower reservoirs in Europe
Kakoulaki, Georgia; Gonzalez Sanchez , Rocio; Gracia Amillo, Ana Maria; Szabo, Sandor; Felice, Matteo de; Farinosi, Fabio; Felice, Luca de; Bisselink, Berny; Seliger, Roman; Kougias, Ioannis; Jaeger-Waldau, Arnulf
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 Anpassung von beschleunigten Alterungstests an die spezifischen Anforderungen und Bedingungen aufkommender Photovoltaik-Anwendungsarten
Weiß, Karl-Anders; Markert, Jochen; Hädrich, Birgit Ingrid; Gebhardt, Paul; Klimm, Elisabeth
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 Photovoltaic Noise Barriers as Energy Generating Infrastructure: Functional Overview about Five Solutions
Forster, Jacob; Tsutskiridze, Giorgi; Kohlhauer, Reinhard; Huyeng, Jonas; Herr, Cornelius; Basler, Felix; Neuhaus, Dirk Holger; Heinrich, Martin; Rendler, Li Carlos
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 F&E Entwicklungen vom Si-Material bis zum Modul: Nachhaltig und hochproduktiv
Wolf, Andreas
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Energiesicherheit und klimaneutrale Energiesysteme
Henning, Hans-Martin
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 PV at Multi-Terawatt Scale: Waiting is not an Option
Philipps, Simon
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Evaluation of the German agrivoltaics innovation tender 2022 and overview about the agrivoltaics development in Germany
Pump, Carl; Trommsdorff, Maximilian; Beckmann, Volker; Bretzel, Tamara; Özdemir, Özal Emre; Bieber, Lisa-Marie
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 Thermomechanische Bewertung von BIPV-Modulen mittels FEM Simulation
Beinert, Andreas; Mahfoudi, Achour; Ensslen, Frank; Erban, Christof
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2023 Modeling of thin-film interference filters on structured substrates: Microfacet-based BSDF versus ray tracing
Wessels, Andreas; Christen, Leonard; Callies, Adrian; Kroyer, Thomas; Höhn, Oliver; Bläsi, Benedikt
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2023 MorphoColor® PV Modules: From Modeling/Design to Demo Installations
Bläsi, Benedikt; Wessels, Andreas; Christen, Leonard; Kroyer, Thomas; Höhn, Oliver; Mattenheimer, Martin; Kuhn, Tilmann; Reinwand, Dirk; Heinrich, Martin; Neuhaus, Holger
Vortrag
Presentation
2023 PV-Produktion in Europa - Aktueller Status
Bett, Andreas W.; Rentsch, Jochen; Preu, Ralf
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Smart mobile vaccination pickup for sustainable improvement of medical care and smart pandemic control in Southern Africa
Stortz, Felix; Went, Joachim; Koschikowski, Joachim; Maruf, Md Nasimul Islam; Schäfer, Lothar; Neumann, Frank; Lotz, Bryan; Beckett, Marc; Hamann, Maike
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Rainwater Management in Agrivoltaic Systems - Research and Development Potential
Rößner, Johanna-Viktoria
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 An Assessment of Light Availability and Distribution Inside of a Photovoltaic Greenhouse
Özdemir, Özal Emre; Berwind, Matthew
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Technical Aspects for Road Integrated Photovoltaics Towards a More Sustainable Mobility Sector
Huyeng, Jonas; Forster, Jacob; Basler, Felix; Romer, Pascal; Beinert, Andreas; Schill, Christian; Heinrich, Martin; Neuhaus, Holger; Wirth, Harry
Poster
2022 Softwareunabhängig-verlustfreie Projektdatenumgebung und föderal-selbstbeschreibende parametrische Modellierung multifunktionaler Bauprodukte auf Basis des Semantic Web mit Fokus auf die Gebäudehülle. Schlussbericht
Maurer, Christoph; Rist, Tim; Kuhn, Tilmann; Shi, Meiling; Huyeng, Tim-Jonathan; Hoffmann, André; Thiele, Christian-Dominik; Rüppel, Uwe; Sprenger, Wendelin
Bericht
Report
2022 Building-Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) products and systems: A review of energy-related behavior
Martín-Chivelet, Nuria; Kapsis, Konstantinos; Wilson, Helen Rose; Delisle, Veronique; Yang, Rebecca; Olivieri, Lorenzo; Polo, Jesús; Eisenlohr, Johannes; Roy, Benjamin; Maturi, Laura; Otnes, Gaute; Dallapiccola, Mattia; Upalakshi Wijeratne, W.M. Pabasara
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Progress and Challenges of Crop Production and Electricity Generation in Agrivoltaic Systems Using Semi-transparent Photovoltaic Technology
Gorjian, S.; Bousi, Erion; Özdemir, Özal Emre; Trommsdorff, Maximilian; Manoj Kumar, N.; Anand, A.; Kant, K.; Chopra, S.S.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Technical Aspects for Road Integrated Photovoltaics Towards a More Sustainable Mobility Sector
Huyeng, Jonas; Forster, Jacob; Basler, Felix; Romer, Pascal; Beinert, Andreas; Schill, Christian; Heinrich, Martin; Neuhaus, Holger; Wirth, Harry
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Effect of feature size on the reflective behaviour of the MorphoColorTM concept
Callies, Adrian; Wessels, Andreas; Bett, Andreas; Bläsi, Benedikt; Höhn, Oliver
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Economic evaluation of agrivoltaics in German apple cultivation
Hopf, Michaela; Trommsdorff, Maximilian; Wydra-Dürr, Kerstin
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Development and Analysis of an Off-grid Solar Food Processing System in Kenya
Morgenstern, Alexander; Subasi, Dilara Maria; Pfanner, Norbert; Reiners, Nils; Stortz, Felix; Wüllner, Johannes; Maruf, Md Nasimul Islam
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Fully Black and Reliable PV Modules with a Cost-Effective Inkjet Coating of Cell Strings
Schiller, Christian; Hoffmann, Stephan; Jahn, Mike; De Rose, Angela; Heinrich, Martin
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Modeling the optical properties of Morpho-inspired thin-film interference filters on structured surfaces
Wessels, Andreas; Callies, Adrian; Bläsi, Benedikt; Kroyer, Thomas; Höhn, Oliver
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Building Product Ontology: Core Ontology for Linked Building Product Data
Wagner, A.; Sprenger, Wendelin; Maurer, Christoph; Kuhn, Tilmann E.; Rüppel, U.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 APV-Bot Demonstrator
Fahmy, Karim Mohamed Tamer Mahmoud
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 Wirtschaftlichkeitsbetrachtung der Agri-PV im Apfelanbau
Hopf, Michaela; Trommsdorff, Maximilian; Wydra, Kerstin
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2022 Investigation of decoupling of thermal and electrical performance of semi-transparent photovoltaic windows based on the external quantum efficiency
Zhou, Hao; Peng, Jinqing; Wilson, Helen Rose; Wang, Meng; Jonsson, Jacob; Ma, Tao; Wu, Ben; Wu, Bochao; Fu, Ganhua
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Challenges for Agrivoltaics in the International Context - An Analytical Hierarchy Process Survey
Vorast, Maximilian
Vortrag
Presentation
2022 PV Roofing for High Ranking Road Networks: Technical Feasibility and Yield Estimation
Ebner, Rita; Mayr, Christoph; Rennhofer, Marcus; Berger, Karl A.; Heinrich, Martin; Basler, Felix; Beinert, Andreas; Fehringer, Markus; Huyeng, Jonas; Beck, Tobias; Haider, Manfred; Prammer, Dominik; Vorwagner, Alois
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Opening Address EU-PVSEC 2021
Bett, Andreas W.
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Evaluating BIPV Modules with Respect to Textural Appearance, Glare, Colour and Electricity Yield
Wilson, Helen Rose; Bueno Unzeta, Bruno; Eisenlohr, Johannes; Kuhn, Tilmann
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Potential of Agrivoltaics to Contribute to Socio-Economic Sustainability: A Case Study in Maharashtra / India
Trommsdorff, Maximilian; Vorast, Maximilian; Durga, N.; Padwardhan, S.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Proposal for a Safety Qualification Program for Vehicle-Integrated PV Modules
Markert, Jochen; Kutter, Christoph; Newman, B.; Gebhardt, Paul; Heinrich, Martin
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 PV Manufacturing in Europe. Statements
Bett, Andreas W.
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 The MorphoColor Concept for Colored Photovoltaic Modules
Bläsi, Benedikt; Kroyer, Thomas; Kuhn, Tilmann E.; Höhn, Oliver
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Solarstrom als Pfeiler des Energiewandels
Bett, Andreas W.
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Review of Technological Design Options for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV)
Kuhn, Tilmann E.; Erban, C.; Heinrich, Martin; Eisenlohr, Johannes; Ensslen, Frank; Neuhaus, Dirk Holger
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Production of Photovoltaics in Europe. Opportunities and Challenges
Bett, Andreas W.
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Aktueller Stand der Forschung/Entwicklung für Gebäudeintegrierte PV
Kuhn, Tilmann
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 The MorphoColor Concept for Colored Photovoltaic Modules and Solar Thermal Collectors
Bläsi, Benedikt; Wessels, Andreas; Callies, Adrian; Eisenlohr, Johannes; Ensslen, Frank; Kuhn, Tilmann; Kroyer, Thomas; Höhn, Oliver
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Energy Yield Simulation of 3D Curved VIPV Modules
Neven-du Mont, Sebastian; Alharthi, Hashem; Kutter, Christoph; Neuhaus, Holger; Heinrich, Martin
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Economic analysis of agrivoltaics in orchard farming in Germany
Hopf, Michaela; Trommsdorff, Maximilian; Wydra, Kerstin
Meeting Abstract
2021 Untersuchung verschattungsoptimierter Halbzellenmodule mit einlaminierter Leistungselektronik für das MPP-Tracking auf Substring-Ebene
Armbruster, Cornelius; Kutter, Christoph; Schmid, A.; Tummalieh, Ammar; Rouffaud, Gilles; Basler, Felix; Wille-Haußmann, Bernhard; Famulla, J.; Schüler, Marc Andre; Oyebanji, U.O.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Durchführbarkeitsstudie zur Ermittlung möglicher Forschung- und Demonstrationsfelder für Agri-Photovoltaik in Baden-Württemberg
Hörnle, Oliver; Riedelsheimer, Julia; Trommsdorff, Max; Keinath, Tobias; Binder, Florian; Weinmann, Ernst; Klodt, Frederik; Zikeli, Sabine; Pataczek, Lisa; Rueß, Franz; Köppler, Kirsten; Glas, Michael; Mayr, Ulrich; Frey, Michael; Kromrey, Volker; Vedel, Dimitri; Klein, Alexandra
Studie
Study
2021 Potenziale der Integrierten Photovoltaik in Deutschland
Wirth, Harry; Eggers, Jan-Bleicke; Trommsdorff, Maximilian; Neuhaus, Dirk Holger; Heinrich, Martin; Wieland, S.; Schill, Christian
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 BauwerkIntegrierte PV (BIPV) Stand der Forschung & Entwicklung
Kuhn, Tilmann
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Integrating PV: PV where People Live, Work and Farm
Wirth, Harry
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Legal Framework of Agrivoltaics in Germany
Vollprecht, Jens; Trommsdorff, Maximilian; Hermann, C.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Materialinnovationen für die Solarenergie
Bett, Andreas W.
Vortrag
Presentation
2020 Implementation of agrophotovoltaics. Techno-economic analysis of the price-performance ratio and its policy implications
Schindele, Stephan; Trommsdorff, Maximilian; Schlaak, A.; Obergfell, Tabea; Bopp, Georg; Reise, Christian; Braun, Christian; Weselek, A.; Bauerle, A.; Högy, P.; Goetzberger, Adolf; Weber, Eicke R.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2020 Bridging two Worlds - Standards for BIPV
Wilson, Helen Rose
Vortrag
Presentation
2020 GIS-basierte Potenzialanalyse für Agrophotovoltaik - Eine Fallstudie für die Region Bodensee-Oberschwaben
Hauger, Salome; Schindele, Stephan; Winkelhausen, Harald; Gimbel, Edgar; Wolf, Maritta; Jung, Martina; Beuerle, Rainer
Poster
2020 Spray Pyrolysis - a Versatile Technique for Thin Film Deposition in PV
Bartsch, Jonas; Heitmann, Ulrike; Jakob, Leonie; Mahmoud Algazzar, R.; Tutsch, Leonard; Hermann, R.; Kluska, Sven; Bivour, Martin; Bläsi, Benedikt; Hauser, Hubert; Janz, Stefan; Glatthaar, Markus
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2020 Colored Modules for Integrated PV: From the MorphoColor-Concept to High Efficiency Prototypes
Bläsi, Benedikt
Vortrag
Presentation
2019 Compilation and Analysis of User Needs for BIPV and its Functions
Boddaert, Simon; Benson, Jessica; Bonomo, Pierluigi; Delisle, Véronique; Erban, Christof; Fedorova, Anna; Frontini, Francesco; Inoue, Seiji; Ishii, Hisashi; Kapsis, Konstantinos; Kim, Jun-Tae; Kovacs, Peter; Machado, Maider; Chivelet, Nuria Martín; Medina, Eduardo Román; Schneider, Astrid; Wilson, Helen Rose
Bericht
Report
2019 Analysis of requirements, specifications and regulation of BIPV
Berger, Karl; Boddaert, Simon; Buono, Matteo del; Fedorova, Anna; Frontini, Francesco; Inoue, Seiji; Ishii, Hisashi; Kapsis, Konstantinos; Kim, Jun-Tae; Kovacs, Peter; Machado, Maider; Chivelet, Nuria Martín; Schneider, Astrid; Wilson, Helen Rose
Bericht
Report
2019 Confidential Feedback Workshops as a Method to Foster Innovation. Deliverable B.3
Maurer, Christoph
Bericht
Report
2018 A Systematic Workflow for Retrofitting Office Façades with Large Window-to-Wall Ratios Based on Automatic Control and Building Simulations
Bueno Unzeta, Bruno; Cejudo Lopez, José Manuel; Katsifaraki, A.; Wilson, Helen Rose
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2018 Report on Barriers for New Solar Envelope Systems. Deliverable B.1
Hubschneider, Carolin; Maurer, C.; Taveres-Cachat, Ellika; Eisenlohr, J.; Hollick, John; Lemarchand, Philippe; Garay, Roberto; Loonen, Roel; Aagesen, Vickie
Bericht
Report
2018 Building-integrated Solar Thermal Systems in the Architectural Design Stage
Maurer, Christoph; Kuhn, Tilmann E.
Aufsatz in Buch
Book Article
2018 International definitions of "BIPV"
Berger, Karl; Cueli, Ana Belén; Boddaert, Simon; Buono, Matteo del; Delisle, Véronique; Fedorova, Anna; Frontini, Francesco; Hendrick, Patrick; Inoue, Seiji; Ishii, Hisashi; Kapsis, Costa; Kim, Jun-Tae; Kovacs, Peter; Chivelet, Nuria Martín; Maturi, Laura; Machado, Maider; Schneider, Astrid; Wilson, Helen Rose
Bericht
Report
2018 Detailed Yield Analysis and Optimisation of BIPV Systems by Simulation
Eisenlohr, Johannes
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 Modelling of active solar building envelopes for cost-effective evaluation
Maurer, Christoph; Kuhn, Tilmann E.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 Machine-code functions in BIM for cost-effective high-quality buildings
Maurer, Christoph; Sprenger, Wendelin; Franz, Sebastian; Boudhaim, M.; Lodewijks, J.; Rüppel, U.; Kuhn, Tilmann E.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 Detailed modelling of building-integrated photovoltaics - from component and environmental data to the system output
Eisenlohr, Johannes; Wilson, Helen Rose; Kuhn, Tilmann
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2017 Building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV)
Ferrara, Claudio; Wilson, Helen Rose; Sprenger, Wendelin
Aufsatz in Buch
Book Article
2016 Review of standards for integrating BIPV-modules in building facade and roof
Rehde, Franziska; Szacsvay, Tamás; Peppas, Antonis; Frontini, Francesco; Marchi, Francesca; Hecker, Robert
Bericht
Report
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