Integrated photovoltaics blends into the outer surface of buildings, roadways, railways and vehicles, such that the solar cells are often no longer visible from outside. Integrated photovoltaics uses land areas jointly with agriculture or floats on the surface of pit lakes created by flooding former open-cut mines. New types of technology and design options allow free choice of formats and colours for integrated modules, such that their connection circuits and cell architecture can be completely covered if necessary. Specific requirements arising from the application, for example minimised weight per area or extremely high mechanical resistance, can be met by the choice of suitable materials.
Building physics modeling, development and evaluation of building-integrated PV modules