Integrated Photovoltaics – Areas for the Energy Transformation

Integrating PV technology into building envelopes, vehicles and roads, as well as over agricultural fields and floating on water surfaces, capitalizes on surface areas with a tremendous potential for generating solar power.

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Agrivoltaics: Power and Food

Photovoltaics on open land can be substantially expanded without using valuable resources of fertile arable land.

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PV for Mobility

Yield assessment, PV module and system development for the transport sector

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Double use of valuable farmland

The yields from PV and photosynthesis are optimized through targeted light management.

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Floating PV (FPV)

Illustration of a floating PV system on a stagnant water.

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Road-Integrated PV (RIPV)

Photovoltaics in traffic routes can be directly in roads, footpaths and squares, but also in the rail bed or in noise barriers. A roofing of traffic routes with photovoltaics is also conceivable.

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© Fraunhofer ISE
Shrimp-Photovoltaik-Tunnel in Bac Lieu, 1 MWp

Aquaculture photovoltaics
(Aqua PV)

Illustration of a planned Aqua-PV research facility in Vietnam for dual land use for aquaculture and power generation.

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Integrated Photovoltaics


Building-Integrated Photovoltaics

Building physics modeling, development and evaluation of building-integrated PV modules

Road-Integrated Photovoltaics

Road-integrated photovoltaics include the embedding of solar modules in and on traffic roads.

Urban Photovoltaics

Urban Photovoltaics (UPV) uses sealed areas in cities and municipalities to generate renewable electricity and to make the places visually appealing.

Vehicle-Integrated Photovoltaics

Yield assessment, module and system development for the transport sector 


Technical optimization and quality assurance of agrivoltaic systems for maximum yields of PV energy and crop.

Floating Photovoltaics

Floating solar modules on water surfaces have great potential.

Integrated photovoltaics blends into the outer surface of buildings, roadways, railways and vehicles, such that the solar cells are often no longer visible from outside. Integrated photovoltaics uses land areas jointly with agriculture or floats on the surface of pit lakes created by flooding former open-cut mines.  New types of technology and design options allow free choice of formats and colours for integrated modules, such that their connection circuits and cell architecture can be completely covered if necessary.  Specific requirements arising from the application, for example minimised weight per area or extremely high mechanical resistance, can be met by the choice of suitable materials.


Press Release - 9.09.2019

Fraunhofer ISE Presents Integrated Photovoltaic Solutions

Meeting Germany’s climate protection targets will require a significant expansion of photovoltaics. Depending on the scenario, up to 500 gigawatts of installed PV power output could be needed by 2050. To avoid land-use conflicts and public resistance to this massive expansion, minimizing the additional space ...


Press Release - April 12, 2019

Agrophotovoltaics: High Harvesting Yield in Hot Summer of 2018

Over the past two years, the dual use of land for the harvesting of solar electricity and agriculture has been tested in the joint project “Agrophotovoltaics – Resource Efficient Land Use (APV-RESOLA).”


Press Release - 02.09.2019

Fraunhofer ISE Presents Colored Solar Car Roof at the Frankfurt Motor Show (IAA)

To extend the driving range of electric vehicles, the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE has developed a solar car roof with highly efficient solar cells.

Selected Research Projects



Development of Wall-integrated PV Elements for Noise Protection



Solar Potentials of German Traffic Routes



Solar-Aquaculture Habitats as Resource-Efficient and Integrated Multilayer Production Systems

Download Flyers: Integrated PV

Flyer: Integrated PV

Flyer: Solar Power from the Car Roof

Flyer: Dual Use of Land with Agrivoltaics

Flyer: Floating Solar Power Plants

Flyer: Solar Energy from Traffic Infrastructure

Flyer: Solar Roofing Modules Replace Roof Tiles

Current publications – Integrated Photovoltaics


YearTitle/AuthorDocument Type
2021Potential of Agrivoltaics to Contribute to Socio-Economic Sustainability: A Case Study in Maharashtra / India
Trommsdorff, M.; Vorast, M.; Durga, N.; Padwardhan, S.
Conference Paper
2020Bridging two Worlds - Standards for BIPV: Presentation held at IEA-PVPS Task 15 parallel event at EU-PVSEC, Online, 8th September 2020
Wilson, H.R.
2020Colored Modules for Integrated PV: From the MorphoColor-Concept to High Efficiency Prototypes: Presentation held at Webinar on Optics for Solar Energy, Photonics Days 2020, Berlin Brandenburg, Online, October 5th-8th, 2020, Online
Bläsi, B.
2020Integrierte Photovoltaik - Aktive Flächen für die Energiewende
Wirth, H.; Vehse, M.; Rau, B.; Peibst, R.; Colsmann, A.; Stephan, A.; Lechner, P.
Conference Paper
2020Spray Pyrolysis - a Versatile Technique for Thin Film Deposition in PV
Bartsch, J.; Heitmann, U.; Jakob, L.; Mahmoud Algazzar, R.; Tutsch, L.; Hermann, R.; Kluska, S.; Bivour, M.; Bläsi, B.; Hauser, H.; Janz, S.; Glatthaar, M.
Conference Paper
2019Nexus approach to solar technology for energy and water supply for sustainable rural development in Egypt: A review
Wydra, K.; Jaskolski, M.; Wagner, L.; Mohamed, E.S.
Journal Article
2019Strom und Kartoffeln von der gleichen Fläche ernten
Farnung, B.
Journal Article
2018Mosaic Module Concept for Cost-Efficient and Aesthetic BIPV Modules
Mittag, M.; Ebert, M.; Wilson, H.R.; Fellmeth, T.
Conference Paper
2018Technical and economic potential for photovoltaic systems on buildings
Fath, Karoline; Schultmann, Frank (Referent); Henning, Hans-Martin (Referent)
2018Training the next generation of PV reliability experts - Project SOLAR-TRAIN with 14 PhD projects: Presentation held at 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC 2018, Waikoloa, Hawaii, June 10-15, 2018
Ismail, K.
2017Morpho butterfly inspired coloured BIPV modules
Bläsi, B.; Kroyer, T.; Höhn, O.; Wiese, M.; Ferrara, C.; Eitner, U.; Kuhn, T.E.
Conference Paper
2017Photovoltaik in der Gebäudehülle - Normierung und Prüfung: Vortrag gehalten auf dem Fachforum "Gebäudeintegrierte Photovoltaik für Green Buildings", Stuttgart, Germany, 16. November 2017
Rehde, F.; Wilson, H.R.
2017Solar potential on commercial trucks: Results of an irradiance measurement campaign on 6 trucks in Europe and USA
Eitner, U.; Ebert, M.; Zech, T.; Schmid, C.; Watts, A.; Heinrich, M.
Conference Paper
2016Coloured module glass for BIPV inspired by morpho butterfly
Bläsi, B.; Kroyer, T.; Höhn, O.; Ferrara, C.; Kuhn, T.E.
Conference Paper
2016Komplettcharakterisierung einer winkelselektiven PV-Verglasung PVShade®
Wilson, H.; Sprenger, W.; Fath, K.; Erban, C.; Kuhn, T.
Book Article
2015Grid impact of a net zero energy building with BiPV using different energy mangament strategies
Klein, K.; Kalz, D.; Herkel, S.
Conference Paper
2014Assessment of a photovoltaic thermal (PVT) prefabricated facade
Katsifaraki, A.; Bueno, B.; Kuhn, T.E.; Maurer, C.
Conference Paper
2014Calorimetric determination of the solar heat gain coefficient g with steady-state laboratory measurements
Kuhn, T.E.
Journal Article
Kuhn, T.E.; Kneiske, T.; Hoffmann, C.
Book Article
2014Future BIPV Market(s)?!
Ferrara, C.; Vicente Iñigo, C.
Conference Paper
2014Hybrid PV-thermal collector development: Concepts, experiences, results and research needs
Fortuin, S.; Hermann, M.; Stryi-Hipp, G.; Nitz, P.; Platzer, W.
Conference Paper
2014Rethinking solar resource assessments in the context of global dimming and brightening
Müller, B.; Wild, M.; Driesse, A.; Behrens, K.
Journal Article
2014Solarvalley-BIPV: Ertrags- und Wirtschaftlichkeitsanalyse von BIPV-Anlagen mit CIGS-Modulen
Wilson, H.R.; Sprenger, W.; Kröger-Vodde, A.; Fath, K.; Münch, M.; Caspary, D.; Bayer, L.; Kuhn, T.E.
Conference Paper
2014SolarValley-BIPV: Simulation und Analyse des Betriebsverhaltens von PV-Anlagen mit a-Si/µ-Si-Modulen
Wilson, H.; Sprenger, W.; Römer, N.; Kröger-Vodde, A.; Heidelberg, A.; Caspary, D.; Bayer, L.
Conference Paper
2013BIPV-standard module for large-scale halls
Ferrara, C.; Vicente Iñigo, C.
Conference Paper
2013Neue Solarthermie- und BIPV-Fassadenkomponenten
Kuhn, T.E.
Journal Article
This publication list has been generated from the publication database Fraunhofer-Publica.