Optical power transmission with Power-by-Light systems (also known as Power-over-Fiber) is an elegant method for powering sensors or actuators, when a conventional power supply with copper cables is limited or not available. The reasons for this are manifold, for example: the need for galvanic isolation, high voltage or lightning protection, electromagnetic interference, wireless transmission, weight reduction, spark protection, corrosion resistance, high magnet fields or rotating systems. There are a wide variety of applications for Power-by-Light systems such as structural health monitoring of wind turbines, fuel gauges in airplanes, monitoring of high voltage lines, optical power supply of automotive sensors, biosensors in smart implants, or the monitoring of passive optical networks.
At Fraunhofer ISE we develop special photovoltaic cells for Power-by-Light applications. These so-called laser power converters convert monochromatic light into electricity with highest efficiency. Currently our research focuses on developing materials for specific laser wavelengths, optimizing the cell structure for converting monochromatic light and developing advanced cell concepts for increasing the output voltage. Our other research topics consist of characterizing cells under monochromatic light, reliability investigations, as well as packaging and system integration. The latter also includes the combination of power and data transmission and coupling the systems to the electronics or electronic circuitry.
For a laser power converter based on GaAs, we achieved an opto-electric conversion efficiency of 57.4%, measured with a laser wavelength of 805 nm at an irradiance of 124.0 W/cm².