Pollution and Freezing

WCS-energy - Fouling
© Fraunhofer ISE
Fouling on the tube bundle on a closed wet cooling tower.
Vereisung an einem Wärmeübertrager
© Fraunhofer ISE
Irregular freezing on a heat exchanger due to refrigerant maldistribution.

Our R&D activities in the field of »Pollution and Freezing« comprise the following:

  • Analysis of scaling and particulate fouling on heat exchangers, e.g. on
    • Cooling towers
    • Air-cooled condensers
    • Evaporators
  • Investigation of freezing on heat exchangers
  • Modification of geometry and surfaces to improve condensation removal

More Information on this Research Topic:

Research Project »WCS-energy«

Online Monitoring of Energetic Performance of Wet Cooling Towers

Research Topic »Water Treatment and Separation«