Thermochemical Processes

In the research topic Thermochemical Processes, our work focuses on the following fields of work:

 

Power-to-Liquids

Virtual tour of Fraunhofer ISE's laboratories for thermochemical processes

 

 

Fraunhofer ISE has been developing thermochemical processes for over 20 years. In the Department of Thermochemical Processes our aim to increase the energy efficiency of thermochemical processes while simultaneously reducing the carbon dioxide and exhaust gas emissions to achieve nearly zero emission combustion.

With our innovative solutions in process technology, we contribute to the successful achievement of the global energy transition:

  • CatVap® is our unique fuel processing technology which is easily scalable for both diesel and gasoline engines. The system provides highly efficient thermal energy from fuel (diesel, gasoline, synthetic fuels), coupled into the exhaust system and thus provides the thermal energy required for exhaust gas conversion.
  • We work on the more efficient, cost-optimized and sustainable production of fuels, chemicals and energy carriers such as ammonia, methanol, dimethyl ether (DME), oxymethylene ether (OME) and jet fuels based on H2/CO2/CO or H2/N2 feeds according to the needs of our customers in the process and chemical industry (Power to Liquids, PtL)
  • We design, test and characterize tailor-made catalysts as part of our service offer. Our research and development focuses on the synthesis and optimization of sustainable carbon and nitrogen-doped carbon (NDC) based catalysts for hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions. Our sophisticated high temperature near-ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HT-NAP-XPS) equipment enables us to investigate the chemical states of atoms and their interactions at the surface. This information is key for understanding the catalytic activity.

Economic and Sustainability Assessment:

Through own experimental investigations, expert interviews, literature research and in-house validated simulation models, we can provide our clients with a thorough assessment on the technological feasibility of innovative and energy-efficient processes. These are complemented by economic feasibility studies and life cycle assessments (LCA).

Design and Operation of Test Stands:

We precisely analyze the performance of commercially available and in-house developed catalysts at our own miniplant, which we can customize according to our clients’ wishes. We both design and operate test stands, if need be automated, in order to analyze the solid, liquid and gaseous products using state-of-the-art analytics.

 

Simulation tools:

In order to optimize the thermochemical processes, we use the following simulation programs for steady state and dynamic process simulation along the entire value chain up to and including sub-processes in specialized unit operations:

  • Aspen®
  • CHEMCAD®
  • Matlab/Simulink®

We also use Ansys® for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and Umberto® for life cycle assessments (LCA) and life cycle costing (LCC).

 

 

Selected Research Projects

 

Carbon2Chem® Phase 2

Subproject L-II: Dynamic Methanol Synthesis from Steel Mill Gases

 

Attract: Flex-C-Cat II

Sustainable Carbon Supports for Hydrogenation Catalysis and their Characterization by Near Ambient Pressure X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

 

StoRelH2 – Storage / Release H2

Efficient and cost-effective hydrogen storage and transport with liquid organic hydrogen carriers

 

Catalytic Evaporation Process

Residue-free Evaporation of Liquid Energy Sources

Achim Schaadt

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Achim Schaadt

Thermochemical Processes

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Phone +49 761 4588-5428

Max Julius Hadrich

Contact Press / Media

Max Julius Hadrich

Power-to-Liquids

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Phone +49 761 4588-2207

Ouda Salem

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Ouda Salem

Power-to-Liquids

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Phone +49 761 4588-5335

Current Publications Thermochemical Processes

Jahr
Year
Titel/Autor:in
Title/Author
Publikationstyp
Publication Type
2022 Process Intensification strategies for Power-to-X Technologies
Cholewa, T.; Semmel, M.; Mantei, F.; Güttel, R.; Salem, O.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2022 Techno-Economic Assessment and Carbon Footprint of Processes for the Large-Scale Production of Oxymethylene Dimethyl Ethers from Carbon Dioxide and Hydrogen
Mantei, F.; Ali, R.E.; Baensch, C.; Voelker, S.; Haltenort, P.; Burger, J.; Dietrich, R.-U.; Assen, N. von der; Schaadt, A.; Sauer, J.; Salem, O.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Rapid Wet-Chemical Oxidative Activation of Graphite Felt Electrodes for Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries
Shanahan, B.; Seteiz, K.; Heizmann, P.A.; Koch, S.; Büttner, J.; Ouardi, S.; Vierrath, S.; Fischer, A.; Breitwieser, M.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Power-to-Methanol. Schlussbericht
Hadrich, M.J.; Roth, A.; Apfelbacher, A.
Bericht
Report
2021 Synthetische Kraftstoffe - Ökonomie, Gesellschaft und Nachhaltigkeit
Matschoss, P.; Hauser, E.; Müller-Langer, F.; Schröder, J.; Brand, U.; Dietrich, R.-U.; Eggemann, L.; Peters, R.; Theiss, L.; Dittmeyer, R.; Rösch, C.; Haase, M.; Millinger, M.; Terrapon-Pfaff, J.; Fuchs, A.-L.; Schmidt, M.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Light-off Investigation of Oxymethylene Ether (OME) Considering the Presence of the Exhaust Components Heptane, Carbon, and Nitrogen Monoxide
Rümmele, F.; Susdorf, A.; Haider, S.M.S.; Szolak, R.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Upgrading the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste by Low Temperature Hydrothermal Processes
Sailer, G.; Knappe, V.; Poetsch, J.; Paczkowski, S.; Pelz, S.; Oechsner, H.; Bosilj, M.; Ouardi, S.; Müller, J.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 Entwicklung eines neuartigen Power-to-Liquid-Verfahrens zur Herstellung von Dimethylether
Semmel, M.
Vortrag
Presentation
2021 Life Cycle Assessment of an Internal Combustion Engine Vehicle using Renewable Electricity for Fuel and Vehicle Production
Sternberg, A.; Hank, C.; Schaadt, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2021 Flexible Aufheizung und Konditionierung für die Abgasnachbehandlung der Zukunft
Szolak, R.; Danckert, B.; Rümmele, F.; Beutel, P.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 A Novel Approach for Kinetic Measurements in Exothermic Fixed Bed Reactors: Advancements in Non-Isothermal Bed Conditions Demonstrated for Methanol Synthesis
Nestler, F.; Müller, V.P.; Ouda, M.; Hadrich, M.J.; Schaadt, A.; Bajohr, S.; Kolb, T.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2021 LCA of a Battery Electric Vehicle using Renewable Electricity in the Entire Supply Chain
Sternberg, A.; Schaadt, A.
Aufsatz in Buch
Book Article
2020 Environmental Assessment of OME3-5 Synfuel Production via the Power-to-Liquid Pathway
Hank, C.; Lazara, L.; Mantei, F.K.; Ouda, M.; White, R.J.; Smolinka, T.; Schaadt, A.; Hebling, C.; Henning, H.-M.
Konferenzbeitrag
Conference Paper
2018 Structure, stability and permeation properties of NaA zeolite membranes for H2O/H2 and CH3OH/H2 separations
Moon Lee, S.; Xu, N.; Grace, J.R.; Li, A.; Lim, C.J.; Kim, S.S.; Fotovat, F.; Schaadt, A.; White, R.J.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2018 Pathways to an Integrated Energy System
Henning, H.-M.
Vortrag
Presentation
2018 Methanol synthesis - industrial challenges within a changing raw material landscape
Nestler, Florian; Krüger, Matthias; Full, Johannes; Hadrich, Max J.; White, Robin J.; Schaadt, Achim
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 The power-to-methanol process chain - a life cycle assessment and CO2 avoidance cost analysis
Hank, C.; Hömberg, J.; White, R.; Schaadt, A.
Vortrag
Presentation
2017 Palladium/ruthenium composite membrane for hydrogen separation from the off-gas of solar cell production via chemical vapor deposition
Sang Moon, L.; Xu, N.; Kim, S.S.; Li, A.; Grace, J.R.; Lim, C.J.; Boyd, T.; Ryi, S.-K.; Susdorf, A.; Schaadt, A.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2017 Methodical design and operation of membrane distillation plants for desalination
Hagedorn, A.; Fieg, G.; Winter, D.; Koschikowski, J.; Mann, T.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2016 Catalytic decomposition of biomass tars: The impact of wood char surface characteristics on the catalytic performance for naphthalene removal
Nestler, F.; Burhenne, L.; Amtenbrink, M.J.; Aicher, T.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2016 An interesting class of porous polymer - revisiting the structure of mesoporous a-D-Polysaccharide gels
White, R.J.; Shuttleworth, P.S.; Budarin, V.L.; Bruyn, M. de; Fischer, A.; Clark, J.H.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
2016 Characteristic low frequency time constants derived from impedance spectra of fuel cell stacks
Keller, S.; Özel, T.; Scherzer, A.-C.; Gerteisen, D.; Groos, U.
Vortrag
Presentation
2016 Comparability of developed test procedures at normal operating conditions for PEM fuel cell stacks and modules analyzed in Round-Robin-Tests
Jungmann, T.; Nürnberg, K.; Harms, C.
Vortrag
Presentation
2014 The influence of the precipitation/ageing temperature on a Cu/ZnO/ZrO2 catalyst for methanol synthesis from H2 and CO2
Frei, E.; Schaadt, A.; Ludwig, T.; Hillebrecht, H.; Krossing, I.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Journal Article
Diese Liste ist ein Auszug aus der Publikationsplattform Fraunhofer-Publica

This list has been generated from the publication platform Fraunhofer-Publica