Dr. Martin C. Schubert

Head of Department Characterization and Simulation, Division Solar Cells - Development and Characterization

Research focus

  • Silicon material analysis with focus on electrical material quality, solar cell efficiency potential and impurities
  • Solar cell analysis with focus on spatially resolved measurements
  • Modeling of impurity evolution during solar cell processing
  • Photoluminescence analysis: global measurements, imaging and spectroscopy 
  • Lock-in thermography
  • Other techniques for material and cell qualification
     

Curriculum vitae

since 2017 Head of Department Characterization and Simulation
2013-2014 Guest Professor at Meiji-University, Tokyo within the frame of a JSPS Fellowship for Foreign Researchers
2012-2016 Head of Group "Material and Cell Analysis" at Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Freiburg, Germany
2012 Research stay at the Australian National University, Canberra, Australia within a DAAD exchange fellowship
2009-2012 Head of Team "Silicon Material Characterization" at Fraunhofer ISE
2008-2009 Scientist at Fraunhofer ISE
2008 Graduation to Dr. rer. nat. (corresponding to PhD) at University of Konstanz/Fraunhofer ISE. Title (translated): "Detection of infrared radiation for material characterization of silicon for solar cells" (German)
2003 Graduation to Diplom-Physiker (corresponding to Master of Physics) at Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg, Germany. Title (translated): "Thermographic methods for spatially resolved measurement of carrier lifetime in silicon" (German) in cooperation with Fraunhofer ISE
2000 Graduation: "Licence de Physique" at Université Montpellier II Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, France

Awards & outstanding achievements

2013-2014 Fellowship for foreign researchers of the Japanese Society of Promotion of Science JSPS (in conjunction with the von Alexander von Humboldt Society)
2013
Ulrich Gösele Young Scientist Award
since 2013 Humboldt fellow
2012 Fellowship for Scientific Exchange from the German Academic Exchange Service DAAD

Teaching experience

2017 Characterization of solar cells: From feedstock quality to final cell efficiency
University of Freiburg
2015-2016 Photovoltaische Energiekonversion I&II
(Prof. Dr. Stefan Glunz, Dr. Martin Schubert, Dr. Jan Christoph Goldschmidt), University of Freiburg
2013 Silicon Solar Cells – Principle, Material, Characterization
Meiji University, Kawasaki, Japan
2013 Silicon Solar Cells – Concept with Focus on Silicon Material
Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
since 2011 Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics
(Prof. Dr. Stefan Glunz, Dr. Martin Schubert, Dr. Harry Wirth), University of Freiburg Master Online Photovoltaics (MOPV)

Publications

External publication list on Google Scholar

Publication list from the Fraunhofer-Publica database:

YearTitle/AuthorDocument Type
2019Correlation of defect luminescence and recombination in multicrystalline silicon
Wyller, Guro Marie; Schindler, Florian; Kwapil, Wolfram; Schön, Jonas; Olsen, Espen; Haug, Halvard; Riepe, Stephan; Schubert, Martin C.
Journal Article
2019Enabling the Measurement of Thermomechanical Stress in Solar Cells and PV Modules by Confocal Micro-Raman Spectroscopy
Beinert, A.; Büchler, A.; Romer, P.; Haueisen, V.; Rendler, L.C.; Schubert, M.C.; Heinrich, M.; Aktaa, J.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2019High-Resolution Analysis of Perovskite Absorbers in Photovoltaics
Mundt, Laura; Schubert, Martin (Betreuer); Glunz, Stefan W. (Referent); Albrecht, Steve (Referent)
Dissertation
2019Imaging Interstitial Iron Concentrations in Gallium-Doped Silicon Wafers
Post, R.; Niewelt, T.; Schön, J.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2019Limiting Defects in n-Type Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells
Schubert, M.C.; Schindler, F.; Schön, J.; Kwapil, W.; Benick, J.; Müller, R.; Heinz, F.D.; Fell, A.; Riepe, S.; Morishige, A.
Journal Article
2019Prediction of local temperature-dependent performance of silicon solar cells
Eberle, R.; Fell, A.; Mägdefessel, S.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2019Quantitative Local Loss Analysis of Blade-Coated Perovskite Solar Cells
Mundt, L.; Kwapil, W.; Yakoob, M.A.; Herterich, J.P.; Kohlstädt, M.; Würfel, U.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2019Suns-ILIT: Contact-Less Determination of Local solar Cell Current-Voltage Characteristics
Kwapil, W.; Wasmer, S.; Fell, A.; Greulich, J.G.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2018Adaptation of Basic Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor (MIS) Theory for Passivating Contacts within Numerical Solar Cell Modeling
Fell, A.; Feldmann, F.; Messmer, C.; Bivour, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2018Adaption of basic Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor (MIS) theory for passivating contacts within numerical solar cell modeling
Fell, A.; Feldmann, F.; Messmer, C.; Bivour, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2018Approach for a Holistic Optimization from Wafer to PV System
Mittag, M.; Reise, C.; Wöhrle, N.; Eberle, R.; Schubert, M.; Heinrich, M.
Conference Paper
2018Characterization of crystalline silicon solar cells under realistic operating conditions
Geisemeyer, Ino; Schubert, Martin (Betreuer); Willeke, Gerhard; Boneberg, Johannes
Dissertation
2018CsxFA1–xPb(I1–yBry)3 Perovskite Compositions: The Appearance of Wrinkled Morphology and its Impact on Solar Cell Performance
Braunger, S.; Mundt, L.E.; Wolff, C.M.; Mews, M.; Rehermann, C.; Jost, M.; Tejada, A.; Eisenhauer, D.; Becker, C.; Guerra, J.A.; Unger, E.; Korte, L.; Neher, D.; Schubert, M.C.; Rech, B.; Albrecht, S.
Journal Article
2018Electrical Limitations in Epitaxially Grown Kerfless Silicon Wafers for Solar Cells
Schubert, M.C.; Beu, P.; Heinz, F.D.; Amiri, D.; Gust, E.; Steinhauser, B.; Janz, S.; Schindler, F.
Conference Paper
2018Limiting Effects in Crystalline Silicon for High-Efficiency Solar Cells: Presentation held at 28th Annual NREL Silicon Workshop 2018, Winter Park, Colorado, USA, 12 - 15 August 2018
Niewelt, T.; Richter, A.; Eberle, R.; Post, R.; Schön, J.; Schindler, F.; Hermle, M.; Kwapil, W.; Schubert, M.
Presentation
2018Lock-in Thermography. Third edition: Basics and use for evaluating electronic devices and materials
Breitenstein, O.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Book
2018Modeling edge recombination in silicon solar cells
Fell, Andreas; Schön, Jonas; Müller, Matthias; Wöhrle, Nico; Schubert, Martin C.; Glunz, Stefan W.
Journal Article
2018Moving Beyond p-Type mc-Si: Quantified Measurements of Iron Content and Lifetime of Iron-Rich Precipitates in n-Type Silicon
Morishige, A.E.; Heinz, F.D.; Laine, H.S.; Schön, J.; Kwapil, W.; Lai, B.; Savin, H.; Schubert, M.C.; Buonassisi, T.
Journal Article
2018An open source based repository for defects in silicon
Juhl, Mattias K.; Heinz, Friedemann D.; Coletti, Gianluca; Macdonald, Daniel; Rougieux, Fiacre E.; Schindler, Florian; Niewelt, Tim; Schubert, Martin C.
Conference Paper
2018Photoluminescence Imaging at Uniform Excess Carrier Density Using Adaptive Nonuniform Excitation
Zhu, Y.; Heinz, F.D.; Juhl, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Trupke, T.; Hameiri, Z.
Journal Article
2018The Power of Basic Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor (MIS) Theory to Describe Passivating contact within Numerical Solar Cell Simulations: Presentation held at 7th World Conference of Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, WCPEC 2018, Waikoloa, Hawaii, June 10-15, 2018
Fell, A.; Feldmann, F.; Messmer, C.; Bivour, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Presentation
2018Prediction of Local Temperature Dependent Performance of Silicon Solar Cells
Eberle, R.; Fell, A.; Mägdefessel, S.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2018The principle of adaptive excitation for photoluminescence imaging of silicon: Theory
Heinz, Friedemann D.; Zhu, Yan; Hameri, Ziv; Juhl, Mattias; Trupke, Thorsten; Schubert, Martin C.
Journal Article
2018Stress mapping by confocal raman spectroscopy on solar cells and modules
Beinert, Andreas J.; Büchler, A.; Romer, P.; Heinrich, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Aktaa, J.; Eitner, U.
Conference Paper
2018Suns-ILIT: Accurate method for non-contacted local IV measurements
Kwapil, W.; Wasmer, S.; Fell, A.; Greulich, J.M.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2018Taking monocrystalline silicon to the ultimate lifetime limit
Niewelt, Tim; Richter, Armin; Kho, T.C.; Grant, N.E.; Bonilla, R.S.; Steinhauser, Bernd; Polzin, Jana-Isabelle; Feldmann, Frank; Hermle, Martin; Murphy, J.D.; Phang, S.P.; Kwapil, Wolfram; Schubert, Martin C.
Journal Article
2018Taking Monocrystalline Silicon to the Ultimate Lifetime Limit: Presentation held at 8th International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics 2018, Lausanne, Switzerland, 19-21 March 2018
Niewelt, T.; Richter, A.; Kho, T.; Grant, N.; Bonilla, R.; Steinhauser, B.; Polzin, J.-I.; Feldmann, F.; Hermle, M.; Murphy, J.; Phang, S.; Kwapil, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Presentation
2018Temperature coefficient imaging for silicon solar cells
Eberle, R.; Haag, S.T.; Geisemeyer, I.; Padilla, M.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2018Temperature dependent imaging of solar cell losses
Eberle, R.; Kwapil, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2018Towards the Efficiency Limits of Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cells
Schindler, F.; Fell, A.; Müller, R.; Benick, J.; Richter, A.; Feldmann, F.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017Angle dependence of solar cells and modules: The role of cell texturization
Geisemeyer, I.; Tucher, N.; Müller, B.; Steinkemper, H.; Hohl-Ebinger, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2017Approaching 22% efficiency with multicrystalline n-type silicon solar cells
Benick, J.; Müller, R.; Schindler, F.; Richter, A.; Hauser, H.; Feldmann, F.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Schubert, M.C.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Conference Paper
2017The concept of skins for silicon solar cell modeling
Fell, Andreas; Schön, Jonas; Schubert, Martin C.; Glunz, Stefan W.
Journal Article
2017Degradation of Crystalline Silicon Due to Boron Oxygen Defects
Niewelt, T.; Schön, J.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Distinguishing crystallization stages and their influence on quantum efficiency during perovskite solar cell formation in real-time
Wagner, L.; Mundt, L.E.; Mathiazhagan, G.; Mundus, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Mastroianni, S.; Würfel, U.; Hinsch, A.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017Enabling stress determination on alkaline textured silicon using Raman sprectroscopy
Büchler, A.; Beinert, A.; Kluska, S.; Haueisen, V.; Romer, P.; Heinz, F.D.; Glatthaar, M.; Schubert, M.
Journal Article
2017Experimental evidence of electron capture and emission from trap levels in Cz silicon
Heinz, F.D.; Niewelt, T.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Firing temperature profile impact on light induced degradation in multicrystalline silicon
Eberle, R.; Kwapil, W.; Schindler, F.; Glunz, S.W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017High performance multicrystalline silicon: Grain structure and iron precipitation
Autruffe, Antoine; M'hamdi, Mohammed; Schindler, Florian; Heinz, Friedemann D.; Ekstrøm, Kai Erik; Schubert, Martin C.; Sabatino, Marisa di; Stokkan, Gaute
Journal Article
2017High-Efficiency n-Type HP MC Silicon Solar Cells
Benick, J.; Richter, A.; Müller, R.; Hauser, H.; Feldmann, F.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Hermle, M.; Bett, A.W.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017How to achieve efficiencies exceeding 22% with multicrystalline n-type silicon solar cells
Schindler, F.; Michl, B.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Benick, J.; Müller, R.; Richter, A.; Glunz, S.W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017How to assess the electrical quality of silicon material: Presentation held at 33rd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, EU PVSEC 2017, 25 - 29 September 2017, Amsterdam
Michl, B.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.
Presentation
2017Kinetics of carrier-induced degradation at elevated temperature in multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Kwapil, W.; Niewelt, T.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Light-induced activation and deactivation of bulk defects in boron-doped float-zone silicon
Niewelt, T.; Selinger, M.; Grant, N.; Kwapil, W.M.; Murphy, J.D.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Long-term stability of aluminum oxide based surface passivation schemes under illumination at elevated temperatures
Niewelt, T.; Kwapil, W.M.; Selinger, M.; Richter, A.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Material limits of multicrystalline silicon from state-of-the-art photoluminescence imaging techniques
Schindler, F.; Giesecke, J.; Michl, B.; Schön, J.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Modeling of edge recombination losses in half-cells
Fell, Andreas; Sträter, H.; Müller, M.; Steinkemper, Heiko; Schön, Jonas; Hermle, Martin; Schubert, Martin C.; Neuhaus, D.H.; Glunz, Stefan W.
Conference Paper
2017A New Perspective on Potential-Induced Degradation of the Shunting Type by Micro Raman-Spectroscopy and Micro Light-Beam-Induced Current
Büchler, A.; Nagel, H.; Breitwieser, M.; Kluska, S.; Heinz, F.D.; Schubert, M.C.; Glatthaar, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Conference Paper
2017Nondestructive probing of perovskite silicon tandem solar cells using multiwavelength photoluminescence mapping
Mundt, L.; Heinz, F.D.; Albrecht, S.; Mundus, M.; Saliba, M.; Correa-Baena, J.P.; Anaraki, E.H.; Korte, L.; Rech, B.; Grätzel, M.; Hagfeldt, A.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017Optimized multicrystalline silicon for solar cells enabling conversion efficiencies of 22%
Schindler, F.; Michl, B.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Benick, J.; Müller, R.; Richter, A.; Glunz, S.W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Separation of the surface and bulk recombination in silicon by means of transient photoluminescence
Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Spectrally resolved nonlinearity and temperature dependence of perovskite solar cells
Mundus, M.; Venkataramanachar, B.; Gehlhaar, R.; Kohlstädt, M.; Niesen, B.; Qiu, W.; Herterich, J.P.; Sahli, F.; Bräuninger, M.; Werner, J.; Hohl-Ebinger, J.; Uytterhoeven, G.; Würfel, U.; Ballif, C.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017Stability of effective lifetime of float-zone silicon wafers with AlOx surface passivation schemes under illumination at elevated temperature
Niewelt, T.; Kwapil, W.; Selinger, M.; Richter, A.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2017Superacid-treated silicon surfaces: Extending the limit of carrier lifetime for photovoltaic applications
Grant, N.E.; Niewelt, T.; Wilson, N.R.; Wheeler-Jones, E.C.; Bullock, J.; Al-Amin, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Veen, A.C. van; Javey, A.; Murphy, J.D.
Journal Article
2017Temperature-dependent modeling of silicon solar cells - Eg, ni, recombination, and VOC
Steinkemper, H.; Geisemeyer, I.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017Understanding the light-induced degradation at elevated temperatures: Similarities between multicrystalline and floatzone p-type silicon
Niewelt, T.; Schindler, F.; Kwapil, W.; Eberle, R.; Schön, J.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2016Benefits and Disadvantages of p- and n-type Doping for Multicrystalline Silicon: Presentation at the 9th International Workshop on Crystalline Silicon for Solar Cells 2016, Tempe, USA, 10.10.2016-12.10.2016
Schubert, M.
Presentation
2016Contact fault characterisation of complex silicon solar cells: A guideline based on current voltage characteristics and luminescence imaging
Padilla, M.; Reichel, C.; Hagedorn, N.; Fell, A.; Keding, R.; Michl, B.; Kasemann, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Experimental proof of the slow light-induced degradation component in compensated n-type silicon
Niewelt, T.; Schön, J.; Broisch, J.; Rein, S.; Haunschild, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2016Fast in-situ photoluminescence analysis for a recombination parameterization of the fast BO defect component in silicon
Niewelt, T.; Mägdefessel, S.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Hybrid Silicon Solar Cells with Advanced Layer Systems Including Perovskite: Presentation held at Energy International Joint R & D Program Workshop 2016, Seoul, Korea (South), 31.08.2016-31.08.2016
Mundt, L.; Michl, B.; Mastroianni, S.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.; Lee, S.-W.
Presentation
2016Identification of lifetime limiting defects by temperature- and injection-dependent photoluminescence imaging
Schön, J.; Youssef, A.; Park, S.; Mundt, L.E.; Niewelt, T.; Mack, S.; Nakajima, K.; Morishita, K.; Murai, R.; Jensen, M.A.; Buonassisi, T.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Impact of the Firing Temperature Profile on Light Induced Degradation of Multicrystalline Silicon
Eberle, R.; Kwapil, W.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2016Improving the material quality of silicon ingots by aluminum gettering during crystal growth
Schön, J.; Krenckel, P.; Karches, B.; Schindler, F.; Giesecke, J.; Stieghorst, C.; Wiehl, N.; Schubert, M.C.; Riepe, S.
Journal Article
2016Light-induced degradation in multicrystalline silicon: The role of copper
Inglese, A.; Focareta, A.; Schindler, F.; Schön, J.; Lindroos, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Savin, H.
Journal Article
2016Material limits of silicon from state-of-the-art photoluminescence imaging techniques
Schindler, F.; Giesecke, J.; Michl, B.; Schön, J.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2016Monolithic perovskite silicon tandem solar cells with advanced optics
Goldschmidt, J.C.; Bett, A.J.; Bivour, M.; Bläsi, B.; Eisenlohr, J.; Kohlstädt, M.; Lee, S.; Mastroianni, S.; Mundt, L.; Mundus, M.; Ndione, P.; Reichel, C.; Schubert, M.; Schulze, P.S.C.; Tucher, N.; Veit, C.; Veurman, W.; Wienands, K.; Winkler, K.; Würfel, U.; Glunz, S.W.; Hermle, M.
Conference Paper
2016N-type multicrystalline silion for high efficiency solar cells
Riepe, S.; Krenckel, P.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.; Benick, J.
Journal Article
2016On the benefits of counting single photoluminescence photons for the investigation of low injection lifetime and traps in silicon
Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Optimizing Adhesion of Laser Structured Plated Ni-Cu Contacts with Insights from Micro Characterization
Büchler, A.; Kluska, S.; Bartsch, J.; Cimiotti, G.; Brand, A.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Glatthaar, M.
Conference Paper
2016Spatially resolved analysis of light induced degradation of multicrystalline PERC solar cells
Selinger, M.; Kwapil, W.; Schindler, F.; Krauß, K.; Fertig, F.; Michl, B.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016Swirl Defect Investigation Using Temperature- and Injection-Dependent Photoluminescence Imaging
Youssef, A.; Schön, J.; Niewelt, T.; Mack, S.; Park, S.; Nakajima, K.; Morishita, K.; Murai, R.; Jensen, M.A.; Buonassisi, T.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2016A unified parameterization of the formation of boron oxygen defects and their electrical activity
Niewelt, T.; Schön, J.; Broisch, J.; Mägdefessel, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2016UV degradation and recovery of perovskite solar cells
Lee, S.; Kim, S.; Bae, S.; Cho, K.; Chung, T.; Mundt, L.E.; Lee, S.; Park, S.; Park, H.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.; Kang, Y.; Lee, H.-S.; Kim, D.
Journal Article
2015Analysing the effect of crystal size and structure in highly efficient CH3NH3Pbl3 perovskite solar cells by spatially resolved photo- and electroluminescence imaging
Mastroianni, S.; Heinz, F.D.; Im, J.-H.; Veurman, W.; Padilla, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Würfel, U.; Grätzel, M.; Park, N.-G.; Hinsch, A.
Journal Article
2015Building intuition of iron evolution during solar cell processing through analysis of different process models
Morishige, A.E.; Laine, H.S.; Schön, J.; Haarahiltunen, A.; Hofstetter, J.; Canizo, C. del; Schubert, M.C.; Savin, H.; Buonassisi, T.
Journal Article
2015Carrier recombination at metallic precipitates in p- and n-type silicon
Kwapil, W.; Schön, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015Characterization and modelling of the boron-oxygen defect activation in compensated n-type silicon
Schön, J.; Niewelt, T.; Broisch, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015A combined transient and steady state approach for robust lifetime spectroscopy with micrometer resolution
Heinz, F.D.; Mundt, L.E.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015Development of multicrystalline silicon for 20 % efficient n-Type solar cells
Riepe, S.; Krenckel, P.; Schindler, F.; Schmid, C.; Strauch, T.; Benick, J.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2015Efficiency Potential of p- and n-Type High Performance Multicrystalline Silicon
Schindler, F.; Michl, B.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Feldmann, F.; Benick, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2015Electrical characterization of the slow boron oxygen defect component in Czochralski silicon
Niewelt, T.; Schön, J.; Broisch, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015Harmonically modulated luminescence: Bridging gaps in carrier lifetime metrology across the PV processing chain
Giesecke, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Schindler, F.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2015High efficiency multicrystalline silicon solar cells: Potential of n-type doping
Schindler, F.; Schön, J.; Michl, B.; Riepe, S.; Krenckel, P.; Benick, J.; Feldmann, F.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015Identification of the most relevant metal impurities in mc n-type silicon for solar cells
Schön, J.; Schindler, F.; Kwapil, W.; Knörlein, M.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015Iron related solar cell instability: Imaging analysis and impact on cell performance
Schubert, M.C.; Padilla, M.; Michl, B.; Mundt, L.; Giesecke, J.; Hohl-Ebinger, J.; Benick, J.; Warta, W.; Tajima, M.; Ogura, A.
Journal Article
2015Light-Induced Degradation and Regeneration in n-Type Silicon
Niewelt, T.; Broisch, J.; Schön, J.; Haunschild, J.; Rein, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2015Local Series Resistance Imaging of Silicon Solar Cells with Complex Current Paths
Padilla, M.; Michl, B.; Hagedorn, N.; Reichel, C.; Kluska, S.; Fell, A.; Kasemann, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015Microscopic charge carrier lifetime in silicon from a transient approach
Heinz, F.D.; Kasemann, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015On the implication of spatial carrier density non-uniformity on lifetime determination in silicon
Heinz, F.D.; Giesecke, J.; Mundt, L.E.; Kasemann, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015Potential gain in multicrystalline silicon solar cell efficiency by n-Type doping
Schindler, F.; Michl, B.; Kleiber, A.; Steinkemper, H.; Schön, J.; Kwapil, W.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2015Preciptitate-Related Injection-Dependent Carrier Lifetime in n- and p-Type Silicon
Kwapil, W.; Schön, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2015Resistivity, doping concentrations, and carrier mobilities in compensated N- and P-type Czochralski silicon: Comparison of measurements and simulations and consistent description of material parameters
Broisch, J.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Fertig, F.; Soiland, A.-K.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Short-circuit current density imaging methods for silicon solar cells
Fertig, F.; Padilla, M.; Breitenstein, O.; Höffler, H.; Geisemeyer, I.; Schubert, M.C.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Spatially resolved impurity identification via temperature- and injection-dependent photoluminescence imaging
Mundt, L.; Schubert, M.C.; Schön, J.; Michl, B.; Niewelt, T.; Schindler, F.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2014Analysis of different models of iron precipitation in multicrystalline silicon
Morishige, A.E.; Laine, H.S.; Schön, J.; Hofstetter, J.; Haarahiltunen, A.; Schubert, M.C.; Savin, H.; Buonassisi, T.
Conference Paper
2014Analysis of solar cell cross sections with micro-light beam induced current (µLBIC)
Breitwieser, M.; Heinz, F.; Büchler, A.; Kasemann, M.; Schön, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2014Challenges for photovoltaic silicon materials
Coletti, G.; Gordon, I.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Ovrelid, E.J.; Jouini, A.; Tucci, M.; Cesare, G. de
Journal Article
2014Characterizing local contact resistances of interdigitated back contact silicon solar cells
Padilla, M.; Michl, B.; Reichel, C.; Hagedorn, N.; Kluska, S.; Haag, S.; Keding, R.; Fell, A.; Kasemann, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2014Efficiency-limiting recombination in multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Schubert, M.C.; Schön, J.; Abdollahinia, A.; Michl, B.; Kwapil, W.; Schindler, F.; Heinz, F.; Padilla, M.; Giesecke, J.; Breitwieser, M.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2014Fast hot spot evaluation
Geisemeyer, I.; Fertig, F.; Warta, W.; Rein, S.; Schubert, M.
Conference Paper
2014Identifying the impact of surface recombination at electrodes in organic solar cells by means of electroluminescence and modeling
Reinhardt, J.; Grein, M.; Bühler, C.; Schubert, M.; Würfel, U.
Journal Article
2014Imaging techniques for quantitative silicon material and solar cell analysis
Michl, B.; Padilla, M.; Geisemeyer, I.; Haag, S.T.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2014Impact of iron precipitates on carrier lifetime in as-grown and phosphorus-gettered multicrystalline silicon wafers in model and experiment
Kwapil, W.; Schön, J.; Schindler, F.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.
Journal Article
2014Interstitial oxygen imaging from thermal donor growth - a fast photoluminescence based method
Niewelt, T.; Lim, S.; Holtkamp, J.; Schön, J.; Warta, W.; Macdonald D.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2014Introduction to in-situ produced perovskite solar cells: A new concept towards lowest module manufacturing costs
Hinsch, A.; Mastroianni, S.; Brandt, H.; Heinz, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Veurman, W.
Conference Paper
2014Main defect reactions behind phosphorus diffusion gettering of iron
Schön, J.; Vähänissi, V.; Haarahiltunen, A.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Savin, H.
Journal Article
2014Microscopic origin of the aluminium assisted spiking effects in n-type silicon solar cells
Heinz, F.D.; Breitwieser, M.; Gundel, P.; König, M.; Hörteis, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2014The potential of multicrystalline n-type silicon for high efficiency solar cells
Schindler, F.; Michl, B.; Kleiber, A.; Steinkemper, H.; Schön, J.; Kwapil, W.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2014Prediction of silicon PV module temperature for hot spots and worst case partial shading situations using spatially resolved lock-in thermography
Geisemeyer, I.; Fertig, F.; Warta, W.; Rein, S.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2014Process control and defect analysis for crystalline silicon thin films for photovoltaic applications by the means of electrical and spectroscopic microcharacterization tools
Breitwieser, M.; Heinz, F.; Rachow, T.; Kasemann, M.; Janz, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2014Short-circuit current density mapping for solar cells
Padilla, M.; Michl, B.; Thaidigsmann, B.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2014Solar cell efficiency losses due to impurities from the crucible in multicrystalline silicon
Schindler, F.; Michl, B.; Schön, J.; Kwapil, W.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.
Journal Article
2014Suns-PLI as a powerful tool for spatially resolved fill factor analysis of solar cells
Michl, B.; Impera, D.; Bivour, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2014Surface recombination parameters of interdigitated-back-contact silicon solar cells obtained by modeling luminescence images
Padilla, M.; Höffler, H.; Reichel, C.; Chu, H.; Greulich, J.; Rein, S.; Warta, W.; Hermle, M.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2014Towards a unified low-field model for carrier mobilities in crystalline silicon
Schindler, F.; Forster, M.; Broisch, J.; Schön, J.; Giesecke, J.; Rein, S.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2014Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Bestimmung von Materialparametern, insbesondere der Ladungsträgerlebensdauer eines Halbleitersubstrates durch Messung von Lumineszenzstrahlung
Giesecke, Johannes; Schubert, Martin; Warta, Wilhelm
Patent
2013Accurate determination of minority carrier mobility in silicon from quasi-steady-state photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.; Schindler, F.; Bühler, M.; Schubert, M.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2013Analyses of the evolution of iron-silicide precipitates in multicrystalline silicon during solar cell processing
Schön, J.; Haarahiltunen, A.; Savin, H.; Fenning, D.P.; Buonassisi, T.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.
Journal Article
2013Applications of photoluminescence imaging to dopant and carrier concentration measurements of silicon wafers
Lim, S.Y.; Forster, M.; Zhang, X.; Holtkamp, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Cuevas, A.; MacDonald, D.
Journal Article
2013Carrier lifetime from dynamic electroluminescence
Giesecke, J.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2013Chromium distribution in multicrystalline silicon: Comparison of simulations and experiments
Schön, J.; Habenicht, H.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2013Determination of bulk lifetime and surface recombination velocity of silicon ingots from dynamic photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.A.; Sinton, R.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2013Doping density in silicon and solar cells analyzed with micrometer resolution
Heinz, F.D.; Gundel, P.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2013Effective passivation of black silicon surfaces by atomic layer deposition
Repo, P.; Haarahiltunen, A.; Sainiemi, L.; Yli-Koski, M.; Talvitie, H.; Schubert, M.C.; Savin, H.
Journal Article
2013Excellent average diffusion lenghts of 600 µm of n-Type multicrystalline silicon wafers after the full solar cell process including boron diffusion
Michl, B.; Benick, J.; Richter, A.; Bivour, M.; Yong, J.; Steeman, R.; Schubert, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2013Illumination and temperature dependence of breakdown mechanisms in multi-crystalline silicon solar cells
Fertig, F.; Willibald, C.; Geisemeyer, I.; Schubert, M.C.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2013The impact of different diffusion temperature profiles on iron concentrations and carrier lifetimes in multicrystalline silicon wafers
Michl, B.; Schön, J.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2013Impact of impurities from crucible and coating on mc-silicon quality - the example of iron and cobalt
Schubert, M.C.; Schön, J.; Schindler, F.; Kwapil, W.; Abdollahinia, A.; Michl, B.; Riepe, S.; Schmid, C.; Schumann, M.; Meyer, S.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2013Impact on iron surface contamination on the lifetime degradation of samples passivated by fired AL2O3/SiNx
Breitenstein, L.; Schön, J.; Schubert, M.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2013Influence of surface texture on the defect-induced breakdown behavior of multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Kwapil, W.; Nievendick, J.; Zuschlag, A.; Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2013Interstitial chromium in silicon on the micron scale
Heinz, F.D.; Schindler, F.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2013Light-induced degradation in copper-contaminated gallium-doped silicon
Lindroos, J.; Yli-Koski, M.; Haarahiltunen, A.; Schubert, M.C.; Savin, H.
Journal Article
2013Material limitations due to crucible impurities in multicrystalline silicon for high efficiency solar cells
Schindler, F.; Michl, B.; Schön, J.; Kwapil, W.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2013N-type black silicon solar cells
Repo, P.; Benick, J.; Vähänissi, V.; Schön, J.; Von Gastrow, G.; Steinhauser, B.; Schubert, M.C.; Hermle, M.; Savin, H.
Conference Paper
2013Passivation of black silicon boron emitters with atomic layer deposited aluminum oxide
Repo, P.; Benick, J.; Gastrow, G. von; Vähänissi, V.; Heinz, F.D.; Schön, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Savin, H.
Journal Article
2013Predictive simulation of doping processes for silicon solar cells
Schön, J.; Abdollahinia, A.; Müller, R.; Benick, J.; Hermle, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2013Wafer thickness optimization for silicon solar cells of heterogeneous material quality
Michl, B.; Kasemann, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2012Broad Range Injection-Dependent Minority Carrier Lifetime from Photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.; Niewelt, T.; Rüdiger, M.; Rauer, M.; Schubert, M.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2012Characterization of silicon heterojunctions on multicrystalline absorbers using injection-dependent photoluminescence imaging
Impera, D.; Bivour, M.; Michl, B.; Schubert, M.C.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
2012Comments on the paper "Detection and analysis of hot-spot formation in solar cells" published by M. Simon and E.L. Meyer in Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 94 (2010) 106113
Bauer, J.; Kwapil, W.; Lausch, D.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Bothe, K.; Breitenstein, O.
Journal Article
2012Efficiency limiting bulk recombination in multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Michl, B.; Rüdiger, M.; Giesecke, J.A.; Hermle, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2012Impact of reverse breakdown in shaded silicon solar cells on module level: Simulation and experiment
Geisemeyer, I.; Fertig, F.; Warta, W.; Rein, S.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2012Measurement of net dopant concentration via dynamic photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2012Modeling distribution and impact of efficiency limiting metallic impurities in silicon solar cells
Schubert, M.C.; Schön, J.; Michl, B.; Abdollahinia, A.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2012Modeling majority carrier mobility in compensated crystalline silicon for solar cells
Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Kimmerle, A.; Broisch, J.; Rein, S.; Kwapil, W.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2012Modeling the size distribution of iron silicide precipitates in multicrystalline silicon
Schön, J.; Haarahiltunen, A.; Fenning, D.P.; Buonassisi, T.; Savin, H.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2012Optimizing micro raman and PL spectroscopy for solar cell technological assessment
Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2012Self-sufficient minority carrier lifetime in silicon from quasi-steady-state photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2012Separation of front and backside surface recombination by photoluminescence imaging on both wafer sides
Michl, B.; Giesecke, J.A.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2011Can luminescence imaging replace lock-in thermography on solar cells?
Breitenstein, O.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.; Kwapil, W.; Müller, J.; Hinken, D.; Bothe, K.; Bauer, J.
Journal Article
2011Comprehensive characterization of advanced cell concepts with sub-micron resolution
Gundel, P.; Drießen, M.; Bartsch, J.; Jäger, U.; Suwito, D.; Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2011Comprehensive microscopic analysis of laser-induced high doping regions in silicon
Gundel, P.; Suwito, D.; Jäger, U.; Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2011Evaluating the aluminum-alloyed p+-layer of silicon solar cells by emitter saturation current density and optical microspectroscopy measurements
Woehl, R.; Gundel, P.; Krause, J.; Rühle, K.; Heinz, F.D.; Rauer, M.; Schmiga, C.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Biro, D.
Journal Article
2011From Injection Dependent Lifetime to Solar Cell Efficiency
Michl, B.; Rüdiger, M.; Giesecke, J.A.; Hermle, M.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Conference Paper
2011Hall mobility in multicrystalline silicon
Schindler, F.; Geilker, J.; Kwapil, W.; Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.
Journal Article
2011Imaging of metastable defects in silicon
Schubert, M.C.; Habenicht, H.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2011Impact of Junction Breakdown in Multi-Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells on Hot Spot Formation and Module Performance
Fertig, F.; Rein, S.; Schubert, M.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2011Micro-spectroscopy on silicon wafers and solar cells
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Heinz, F.D.; Woehl, R.; Benick, J.; Giesecke, J.A.; Suwito, D.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2011Minority carrier lifetime imaging of silicon wafers calibrated by quasi-steady-state photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Michl, B.; Schindler, F.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2011Minority carrier lifetime of silicon solar cells from quasi-steady-state photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.A.; Michl, B.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2011Spatially resolved carrier lifetime calibrated via quasi-steady-state photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.A.; Michl, B.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2011Understanding junction breakdown in multicrystalline solar cells
Breitenstein, O.; Bauer, J.; Bothe, K.; Kwapil, W.; Lausch, D.; Rau, U.; Schmidt, J.; Schneemann, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Wagner, J.-M.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2011Understanding the distribution of iron in multicrystalline silicon after emitter formation: Theoretical model and experiments
Schön, J.; Habenicht, H.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
20102D modeling of the iron concentration from crystallization to final firing of mc silicon solar cells
Schön, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Habenicht, H.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2010Analysis of performance limiting material properties of multicrystalline silicon
Schubert, M.C.; Kwapil, W.; Schön, J.; Habenicht, H.; Kasemann, M.; Gundel, P.; Blazek, M.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2010Analysis of simultaneous boron and phosphorus diffusion gettering in silicon
Schön, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Savin, H.; Haarahiltunen, A.
Journal Article
2010Approach to the physical origin of breakdown in silicon solar cells by optical spectroscopy
Gundel, P.; Kwapil, W.; Schubert, M.C.; Seifert, H.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2010Cause of increased currents under reverse-bias conditions of upgraded metallurgical grade multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Kwapil, W.; Wagner, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2010Conductivity mobility and hall mobility in compensated multicrystalline silicon
Schindler, F.; Geilker, J.; Kwapil, W.; Giesecke, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2010High net doping concentration responsible for critical diode breakdown behavior of upgraded metallurgical grade multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Kwapil, W.; Wagner, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2010Imaging of chromium point defects in p-type silicon
Habenicht, H.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2010Imaging of metal impurities in silicon by luminescence spectroscopy and synchrotron techniques
Schubert, M.C.; Schön, J.; Gundel, P.; Habenicht, H.; Kwapil, W.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2010Impact of stress on recombination of metal precipitates in silicon
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Heinz, F.D.; Kwapil, W.; Warta, W.; Martinez-Criado, G.; Reiche, M.; Weber, E.R.
Journal Article
2010Mapping the quantitative carrier lifetime and doping concentration with micro resolution
Heinz, F.D.; Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2010Minority carrier lifetime in silicon wafers from quasi-steady-state photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Walter, D.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2010Photoluminescence imaging of chromium in crystalline silicon
Habenicht, H.; Schubert, M.C.; Coletti, G.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2010Quantitative carrier lifetime measurement with micron resolution
Gundel, P.; Heinz, F.D.; Schubert, M.C.; Giesecke, J.A.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2010Quantitative iron concentrating imaging
Schubert, M.C.; Habenicht, H.; Kerler, M.J.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2010Recombination activity enhancement by stress in silicon
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2010The role of material quality in EWT and standard solar cells on multicrystalline standard and UMG silicon material
Schubert, M.C.; Rüdiger, M.; Michl, B.; Schindler, F.; Kwapil, W.; Giesecke, J.; Hermle, M.; Warta, W.; Ferré, R.; Wade, R.; Petter, K.
Conference Paper
2010Separation of local bulk and surface recombination in crystalline silicon from luminescence reabsorption
Giesecke, J.A.; Kasemann, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Würfel, P.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2010Simulation of iron distribution after crystallization of mc silicon
Schön, J.; Habenicht, H.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2010Simultaneous determination of carrier lifetime and net dopant concentration of silicon wafers from photoluminescence
Giesecke, J.A.; Walter, D.; Kopp, F.; Rosenits, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2010Simultaneous stress and defect luminescence study on silicon
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2010Submicron resolution carrier lifetime analysis in silicon with Fano resonances
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Heinz, F.D.; Benick, J.; Zizak, I.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2009Analysis of performance limiting material properties of multicrystalline silicon
Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.; Habenicht, H.; Kasemann, M.; Kwapil, W.; Gundel, P.; Schön, J.
Conference Paper
2009Diode breakdown related to recombination active defects in block-cast multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Kwapil, W.; Kasemann, M.; Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Bronsveld, P.; Coletti, G.
Journal Article
2009Impact of SiNx:H and Al2O3 surface passivation on interstitial iron concentration and carrier lifetime in mc-silicon wafers
Habenicht, H.; Schubert, M.C.; Richter, A.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2009Influence of depth dependent profiles on carrier density measurements
Schubert, M.C.; Kerler, M.J.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2009Influence of heterogeneous profiles in carrier density measurements with respect to iron concentration measurements in silicon
Schubert, M.C.; Kerler, M.J.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2009Micro-luminescence spectroscopy on multicrystalline silicon
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Kwapil, W.; Schön, J.; Reiche, M.; Savin, H.; Yli-Koski, M.; Sans, J.A.; Martinez-Criado, G.; Warta, W.; Weber, E.R.
Conference Paper
2009Micro-photoluminescence spectroscopy on metal precipitates in silicon
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Kwapil, W.; Schon, J.; Reiche, M.; Savin, H.; Yli-Koski, M.; Sans, J.A.; Martinez-Criado, G.; Seifert, W.; Warta, W.; Weber, E.R.
Journal Article
2009Observation of metal precipitates at prebreakdown sites in multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Kwapil, W.; Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Heinz, F.D.; Warta, W.; Weber, E.R.; Goetzberger, A.; Martinez-Criado, G.
Journal Article
2009Physical mechanisms of breakdown in multicrystalline silicon solar cells
Kwapil, W.; Kasemann, M.; Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Breitenstein, O.; Bauer, J.; Lotnyk, A.; Wagner, J.-M.; Bronsveld, P.C.P.; Coletti, G.
Conference Paper
2009X-ray excited optical luminescence from crystalline silicon
Gundel, P.; Martinez-Criado, G.; Schubert, M.C.; Sans, J.A.; Kwapil, W.; Warta, W.; Weber, E.R.
Journal Article
2008Analysis of the physical origin of trap centres and their effect on solar cells
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.; Allardt, M.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2008Detektion von infraroter Strahlung zur Beurteilung der Materialqualität von Solar-Silizium
Schubert, M.C.
Dissertation
2008Determination of minority carrier diffusion lengths in silicon solar cells from photoluminescence images
Giesecke, J.; Kasemann, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Michl, B.; The, M.; Warta, W.; Würfel, P.
Conference Paper
2008Messverfahren für eine Halbleiterstruktur
Würfel, P.; Schubert, M.; Kasemann, M.; Warta, W.
Patent
2008Origin of trapping in multicrystalline silicon
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2008Progress in silicon solar cell characterization with infrared imaging methods
Kasemann, M.; Kwapil, W.; Walter, B.; Giesecke, J.; Michl, B.; The, M.; Wagner, J.-M.; Bauer, J.; Schütt, A.; Carstensen, J.; Kampwerth, H.; Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Bardos, R.A.; Föll, H.; Nagel, H.; Würfel, P.; Trupke, T.; Breitenstein, O.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.
Conference Paper
2008Spatially resolved luminescence spectroscopy on multicrystalline silicon
Schubert, M.C.; Gundel, P.; The, M.; Warta, W.; Romero, M.J.; Ostapenko, S.; Arguirov, T.
Conference Paper
2008Spatially resolved silicon solar cell characterization using infrared imaging methods
Kasemann, M.; Kwapil, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Habenicht, H.; Walter, B.; The, M.; Kontermann, S.; Rein, S.; Breitenstein, O.; Bauer, J.; Lotnyk, A.; Michl, B.; Nagel, H.; Schütt, A.; Carstensen, J.; Föll, H.; Trupke, T.; Augarten, Y.; Kampwerth, H.; Bardos, R.A.; Pingel, S.; Berghold, J.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.
Conference Paper
2007Advances in infrared imaging methods for silicon material characterization
Schubert, M.C.; The, M.; Gundel, P.; Kasemann, M.; Pingel, S.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2007Investigations of diffusion barriers for application in back-contacted solar cells
Drießen, M.; Mingirulli, N.; Pingel, S.; Schubert, M.; Biro, D.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2007Lifetime studies on laser drilled vias for application in emitter-wrap-through-solar cells
Mingirulli, N.; Grohe, A.; Dohrn, A.; Hofmann, M.; Schubert, M.; Roth, T.; Biro, D.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2007Low cost using ultra-thin bifacial cells
Jimeno, J.C.; Bueno, G.; Lago, R.; Freire, I.; Perez, L.; Recart, F.; Hoces, I.; Azkona, N.; Alonso, J.; Sanchez-Friera, P.; Glunz, S.W.; Emanuel, G.; Ruiz, R.; Pohl, A.; Wolke, W.; Schubert, M.; Gavilanes, I.; Ezker, M.; Zugasti, E.; Turumbay, A.; Sato, H.; Bragagnolo, J.; Nasch, P.M.; Ostapenko, S.; Belyaev, A.; Dallas, W.; Polupan, O.; Albertsen, K.; Shaikh, A.; Kerp, H.; Salami, J.
Conference Paper
2007Prediction of diffusion length in multicrystalline silicon solar cells from trapping images on starting material
Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2007Progress with luminescence imaging for the characterisation of silicon wafers and solar cells
Trupke, T.; Bardos, R.A.; Abbott, M.D.; Würfel, P.; Pink, E.; Augarten, Y.; Chen, F.W.; Fisher, K.; Cotter, J.E.; Kasemann, M.; Rüdiger, M.; Kontermann, S.; Schubert, M.C.; The, M.; Glunz, S.W.; Warta, W.; Macdonald, D.; Tan, J.; Cuevas, A.; Bauer, J.; Gupta, R.; Breitenstein, O.; Buonassisi, T.; Tarnowski, G.; Lorenz, A.; Hartmann, H.P.; Neuhaus, D.H.; Fernandez, J.M.
Conference Paper
2007Quantitative carrier lifetime images optically measured on rough silicon wafers
Schubert, M.; Pingel, S.; The, M.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2007Quantitative lifetime measurements with photoluminescence imaging
The, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2007Systematic analysis of trapping as a tool to predict diffusion length in multicrystalline silicon cells
Gundel, P.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2006Comparison of luminescence imaging and illuminated lock-in thermography on silicon solar cells
Kasemann, M.; Schubert, M.C.; The, M.; Köber, M.; Hermle, M.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2006Determination of spatially resolved trapping parameters in silicon with injection dependent carrier density imaging
Schubert, M.C.; Riepe, S.; Bermejo, S.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2006Photoluminescence imaging of silicon wafers
Trupke, T.; Bardos, R.A.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2006Spatially resolved trapping detection and correlation with material quality in multicrystalline silicon
Schubert, M.C.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2006Trapping artifacts in quasi-steady-state photoluminescence and photoconductance lifetime measurements on silicon wafers
Bardos, R.A.; Trupke, T.; Schubert, M.C.; Roth, T.
Journal Article
2006Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Inaktivierung von Trapping-Effekten in dotierten Halbleitern
Schubert, M.; Rein, S.; Isenberg, J.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.
Patent
2005Injection dependent carrier density imaging measurements including correction for trapping effects
Schubert, M.C.; Isenberg, J.; Rein, S.; Bermejo, S.; Glunz, S.W.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2005Recent developments in carrier lifetime imaging: Presentation held at 15th Workshop on Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells and Modules. Materials an Processes
Warta, W.; Schubert, M.C.; Isenberg, J.; Bermejo, S.; Riepe, S.; Diez, S.
Presentation
2005Sheet resistance imaging (SRI) - A contactless and spatially resolved method for the determination of doping inhomogeneities
Isenberg, J.; Schubert, M.C.; Biro, D.; Froitzheim, A.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2004Spatially resolved IR-measurement techniques for solar cells
Isenberg, J.; Riepe, S.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2004Temperature dependent carrier lifetime images
Schubert, M.C.; Isenberg, J.; Rein, S.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2004Thermographic imaging of free carrier density in silicon
Schubert, M.C.; Isenberg, J.; Riepe, S.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
2003Spatially resolved lifetime imaging of silicon wafers by measurement of infrared emission
Schubert, M.C.; Isenberg, J.; Warta, W.
Journal Article
This publication list has been generated from the publication database Fraunhofer-Publica.