Building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) refers to building components which fulfil classic functions such as thermal insulation, protection against wind and weather or also architectural functions, in addition to generating electricity. Due to their multifunctionality, these active building components can achieve a better economic and ecological balance over their lifetime than conventional building elements. For building owners, they also provide the opportunity to comply with increasingly stringent energy-related guidelines. Architecturally integrated PV modules in roofs and façades allow aesthetically appealing power systems to blend into the urban or rural landscape and make a significant contribution to the energy transformation. Local manufacture situated near the final user is advantageous for customized BIPV elements.
BIPV modules are suitable for integration into roofs and façades. They can be installed in both the transparent and the opaque (e.g. rear-ventilated) parts of the building envelope with little additional effort.