Agrophotovoltaics (APV) denotes approaches to use agricultural areas simultaneously to produce food and to generate PV electricity. In this way, APV increases land-use efficiency and enables PV capacity to be expanded while still retaining fertile arable areas for agriculture.
APV technology has developed very dynamically in recent years and can be found in almost all regions of the world. The installed APV power increased exponentially from app. 5 MW in 2012 to app. 2.9 GW in 2018, with national funding programmes in Japan (since 2013), China (ca. 2014), France (since 2017), the USA (since 2018) and most recently Korea.