Characterization of PEM Electrolysis Cell Stacks

Side view of a new test rig to characterize cell stacks for PEM water electrolysis in power to gas applications.

Long-term characterization of a laboratory PEM water electrolysis stack

...operated under pressure at Fraunhofer ISE.

HyCon protoype

...for generating hydrogen directly from solar energy by water electrolysis. The module consists of eight III-V solar cells, each of them directly coupled with a PEM water electrolysis cell. This enables hydrogen to be generated directly with a very high efficiency.

Electrolysis and Power-to-Gas

Fields of work within the research topic Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis:

 

Characterization of Materials and Components

 

Development of PEM Water Electrolysis Systems

 

Power to Gas

 

Hydrogen Infrastructure

Hydrogen produced by water electrolysis is a key component for the intersectoral coupling in the energy economy!

The electrochemical splitting of water by electrolysis is a clean and efficient process to generate hydrogen if the electricity used for splitting the water comes from renewable energy sources. The resulting “green” hydrogen is an universal fuel that can be easily stored and used in many applications in the energy economy, transport sector or the chemical industry. Given the strongly fluctuating and steadily increasing supply of electricity from renewable energy sources, hydrogen can ensure a reliable energy supply and even provide long-term or seasonal storage in future energy systems.

In particular, PEM water electrolysis, which applies a proton exchange membrane (PEM), is well-suited for combination with renewable energy sources. PEM electrolyzers have very good efficiency values at high current densities and they operate very dynamically at high pressures within a broad operating range. Fraunhofer ISE has been working for more than 25 years on component and system development as well as the integration of PEM electrolyzers in the energy system.

Current research focus in this area:

  • Develop standardized measurement procedures for characterizing PEM electrolyzers
  • Evaluate new cell components and stacks for PEM water electrolysis
  • Develop coating strategies for bipolar plates and porous transport layers
  • Investigate degradation mechanisms in PEM electrolysis cells and develop accelerated stress tests
  • Characterize complete prototypes up to the three-digit kW range
  • Perform stationary balancing and dynamic system modeling of electrolyzers and Power to Gas systems to create hydrogen yield prognoses and optimize operating concepts
  • Investigate the grid service capability of electrolyzers
  • Analyze cost structures of different electrolysis technologies
  • Develop business models for the cost-effective implementation of electrolyzers in the energy system
  • Carry out technological and market studies

Selected Research Projects

 

WESpe

Technical and Economic System Analysis for Power-to-gas Systems

 

Energy Network Freiburg

Demonstration Service of an Electrolysis System in the North Industrial Area Aimed at Integrating the Electricity Grid and the Gas Network and the Storage of Renewable Energies

 

HyCon

Solar Hydrogen Generation Using a HyCon System

 

NOVEL

Characterization of High-Pressure Stacks

Tom Smolinka

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Tom Smolinka

Hydrogen Production by PEM Water Electrolysis, Development of PEM Electrolyzer Systems

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Phone +49 761 4588-5212

Sebastian Metz

Contact Press / Media

Dr. Sebastian Metz

Characterization of Materials and Components

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Phone +49 761 4588-2321

Christopher Voglstätter

Contact Press / Media

Christopher Voglstätter

Power to Gas

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Phone +49 761 4588-5357

Christopher Hebling

Contact Press / Media

Prof. Dr. Christopher Hebling

Hydrogen Technology, Hydrogen Infrastructure

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Phone +49 761 4588-5195

Current publications - Hydrogen Production by Water Electrolysis

YearTitle/AuthorDocument Type
2019Energy Network Freiburg: Hydrogen Generation & Injection in the Context of Municipal Distribution Grids: Presentation held at 13th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference 2019, Düsseldorf, Germany, 13th of March 2019
Voglstätter, C.; Fischer, D.; Kaufmann, F.
Presentation
2019Initial Approaches in Benchmarking and Round Robin Testing for Proton Exchange Membrane Water Electrolyzers
Bender, G.; Carmo, M.; Smolinka, T.; Gago, A.; Danilovic, N.; Mueller, M.; Ganci, F.; Fallisch, A.; Lettenmeier, P.; Friedrich, K.A.; Ayers, K.; Pivovar, B.; Mergel, J.; Stolten, D.
Journal Article
2018Characterization of the Performance of PEM Water Electrolysis Cells operating with and without Flow Channels, based on Experimentally Validated Semi-empirical Coupled-Physics Models
Ojong, Tabu Emile; Krautz, Hans-Joachim (Referent); Berg, Heinz Peter (Referent)
Dissertation
2018Economics & carbon dioxide avoidance cost of methanol production based on renewable hydrogen and recycled carbon dioxide - power-to-methanol
Hank, C.; Gelpke, S.; Schnabl, A.; White, R.J.; Full, J.; Wiebe, N.; Smolinka, T.; Schaadt, A.; Henning, H.-M.; Hebling, C.
Journal Article
2018Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and Half-Cell-Potential Measurements as Tools for Degradation Analysis and AST Development within PEM water Electrolysis Test Cells: Presentation at World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2018, Session C3-2, Rio De Janeiro, 20.06.2018
Lickert, T.; Schwarz, C.; Fallisch, A.; Friske, A.; Smolinka, T.
Presentation
2018Hydraulic ex situ through-plane characterization of porous transport layers in PEM water electrolysis cells
Bromberger, Kolja; Ghinaiya, Jagdishkumar; Lickert, Thomas; Fallisch, Arne; Smolinka, Tom
Journal Article
2018Industrialisierung der Wasserelektrolyse in Deutschland: Auf dem Weg zu einer GW-Industrie für einen erfolgreichen Übergang des Energiesektors zu erneuerbaren Energien: Vortrag gehalten beim Workshop der DENA - Strategieplattform Power to Gas, Berlin, Germany, 03. September 2018
Kiemel, S.; Lehnert, F.; Smolinka, T.; Wiebe, N.
Presentation
2018Industrialization of Water Electrolysis in Germany: Towards a GW Industry for a Successful Transition of the Energy Sector to Renewable Energies. A short overview about the main results of the study: Presentation held at WHEC 2018, 22nd World Hydrogen Energy Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 19th June 2018
Fallisch, A.; Kiemel, S.; Lehnert, F.; Miehe, R.; Smolinka, T.; Wiebe, N.; Tjarks, G.
Presentation
2018Investigations on Electrochemical Hydrogen Compression for a Decentralized Energy System: Presentation at World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2018, Session F2-3, Rio De Janeiro, 19.06.2018
Fallisch, A.; Bromberger, K.; Hacker, B.; Smolinka, T.
Presentation
2018Performance Enhancement of PEM Electrolyzers through Iridium-coated Titanium Porous Transport Layers
Liu, C.; Carmo, M.; Bender, G.; Everwand, A.; Lickert, T.; Young, J.L.; Smolinka, T.; Stolten, D.; Lehnert, W.
Journal Article
2018Power-to-X - Wesentliche Bausteine eines zukünftigen Energiesystems: Vortrag gehalten auf der Fachtagung "Energiespeicher und Sektorenkopplung", Essen, Germany, 27.09.2018
Voglstätter, C.
Presentation
2018Round Robin Testing for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Water Electrolysis - Phase 2: Presentation held at WHEC 2018 - 22nd World Hydrogen Energy Conference 2018, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, June 19, 2018
Bender, G.; Carmo, M.; Fischer, S.; Lickert, T.; Smolinka, T.; Young, J.
Presentation
2018Technische Untersuchung des Abwärmepotentials von Power-to-Gas-Anlagen: Vortrag gehalten auf der DWV-Mitgliederversammlung, Salzgitter, 30.05.2018. Vorstellung Masterarbeit
Holst, M.
Presentation
2018Wasserelektrolyse ist bereit für den Markthochlauf: Studie zeigt Roadmap zur Gigawattindustrie auf
Smolinka, Tom; Lehner, Franz; Kiemel, Steffen; Tjarks, Geert
Journal Article
2018Waste heat utilisation of power to hydrogen plants for local and district heating: Presentation held at International Renewable Energy Storage Conference, IRES 2018 / E3 Power to X (2), Düsseldorf, Germany, 15th March 2018
Knetsch, N.; Holst, M.
Presentation
2018What Will Be the Cost of Renewable Hydrogen Today and in the Future. Results of Comprehensive Techno-Economic Simulation-Based Analysis of one Representative Power-to-Hydrogen Plant (D3.2): Presentation held at 12th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference, IRES 2018, Düsseldorf, Germany, 15th of March 2018
Voglstätter, C.; Wiebe, N.
Presentation
2017Characterization of PEM fuel cells by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy: Presentation held at Heraeus Seminar "Next Generation Polymer Membrane Fuel Cell" 2017, Bad Honnef, Germany, 02.-05.07.2017
Gerteisen, D.; Scherzer, A.-C.; Keller, S.
Presentation
2017Comprehensive investigation of novel pore-graded gas diffusion layers for high-performance and cost-effective proton exchange membrane electrolyzers
Lettenmeier, P.; Kolb, S.; Sata, N.; Fallisch, A.; Zielke, L.; Thiele, S.; Gago, A.S.; Friedrich, K.A.
Journal Article
2017Cost break down and cost reduction strategies for PEM water electrolysis systems: Presentation held at 6th European PEFC & Electolyser Forum, Lucern, Switzerland, July 5, 2017
Smolinka, T.; Wiebe, N.; Thomassen, M.
Presentation
2017Development of an experimentally validated semi-empirical fully-coupled performance model of a PEM electrolysis cell with a 3-D structured porous transport layer
Tabu Ojong, E.; Kwan, J.T.H.; Nouri-Khorasani, A.; Bonakdarpour, A.; Wilkinson, D.P.; Smolinka, T.
Journal Article
2017Elektrischer Antriebsstrang für Arbeits- und Nutzfahrzeuge (ELAAN)
Keller, S.
Conference Paper
2017First investigations towards the feasibility of an Al/Br2 battery based on ionic liquids
Hog, M.; Burgenmeister, B.; Bromberger, K.; Schuster, M.; Riedel, S.; Krossing, I.
Journal Article
2017Hydrogen concentrator demonstrator module with 19,8% solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency according to the higher heating value
Fallisch, A.; Schellhase, L.; Fresko, J.; Zedda, M.; Ohlmann, J.; Steiner, M.; Bösch, A.; Zielke, L.; Thiele, S.; Dimroth, F.; Smolinka, T.
Journal Article
2017In-situ testing methods for membrane-electrode-assemblies: Presentation held at EVS30, International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium & Exhibition, Stuttgart, Germany, 09-11 October, 2017
Groos, U.
Presentation
2017Investigation on PEM water electrolysis cell design and components for a HyCon solar hydrogen generator
Fallisch, A.; Schellhase, L.; Fresko, J.; Zechmeister, M.; Zedda, M.; Ohlmann, J.; Zielke, L.; Paust, N.; Smolinka, T.
Journal Article
2017Investigation on porous transport layers for PEM electrolysers: Presentation held at 6th European PEFC & Electolyser Forum, Lucern, Switzerland, July 6, 2017
Fallisch, A.; Ghinaiya, J.; Bromberger, K.; Kiermaier, M.; Lickert, T.; Smolinka, T.
Presentation
2017Model of oxygen bubbles and performance impact in the porous transport layer of PEM water electrolysis cells
Nouri-Khorasani, A.; Tabu Ojong, E.; Smolinka, T.; Wilkinson, D.P.
Journal Article
2017PEM Water Electrolysis: Impact of Cell Design and Porous Components Properties on Mass Transport Limitation
Fouda-Onana, F.; Chelghoum, S.; Serre, G.; Bromberger, K.; Smolinka, T.; Chandesris, M.
Conference Paper
2017The power-to-methanol process chain - a life cycle assessment and CO2 avoidance cost analysis: Presentation held at 15th Interational Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilization, ICCDU 2017, Shanghai, China, July, 17th-21st, 2017
Hank, C.; Hömberg, J.; White, R.; Schaadt, A.
Presentation
2017Towards selective test protocols for accelerated in situ degradation of PEM electrolysis cell components: Presentation held at 6th European PEFC & Electolyser Forum, Lucern, Switzerland, July 6, 2017
Lickert, T.; Schwarz, C.; Gese, P.; Fallisch, A.; Smolinka, T.
Presentation
2017Wasserstofferzeugung durch Wasserelektrolyse - Entwicklungstrends und Herstellerübersicht
Smolinka, T.
Journal Article
2016Korrosion von Bipolarplatten in PEM-Elektrolyseuren und Brennstoffzellen
Georg, A.
Book Article
2016Recent Development in Direct Generation of Hydrogen Using Multi-Junction Solar Cells
Ohlmann, J.; Martínez, Juan F.; Lackner, D.; Förster, P.; Steiner, M.; Fallisch, A.; Dimroth, F.
Conference Paper
2016Reliable Fuel Cell Stack Characterization: Presentation held at Technical Forum Hannover Trade Fair 2016, Hannover, Germany, 28.04.2016-28.04.2016
Groos, U.
Presentation
2016Spatially resolved testing of automotive single cells: Presentation held at Technical Forum Hannover Trade Fair 2016, Hannover, Germany, 27.04.2016
Groos, U.
Presentation
2016Testing of Balance-of-Plant Components: Presentation held at Technical Forum Hannover Trade Fair 2016, Hannover, Germany, 27.04.2016-27.04.2016
Groos, U.
Presentation
2016Towards low-cost and efficient hydrogen production by PEM water electrolysis - design and performance optimization for a high-pressure stack. Result of the European Project "NOVEL": Presentation held at 21st WHEC 2016, Word Hydrogen Energy Conference, Zaragoza, Spain, June 13th, 2016
Smolinka, T.; Lickert, T.; Gese, P.; Georg, A.
Presentation
2015Auslegung einer PEM-Elektrolyseanlage mit 5 MW und 100 MW elektrischer Leistung: Vortrag gehalten beim Workshop zum Stuttgarter Energiespeicherforum 2015, Sateliten-Workshop zur Studie PlanDeLyKaD 2015, Stuttgart, Germany, 27.01.2015-29.01.2015
Müller, D.; Smolinka, T.; Voglstätter, C.; Zeh, J.
Presentation
2015Cost break down and analysis of PEM electrolysis systems for different industrial and power to gas applications: Poster presented at 9th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference and Exhibition, IRES 2015, Düsseldorf, Germany, 09.03.2015-11.03.2015
Smolinka, T.; Voglstätter, C.; Fallisch, A.
Poster
2015Cost break down and analysis of PEM electrolysis systems for different industrial and power to gas applications: Presentation held at World of Energy Solutions 2015, Stuttgart, Germany, October 12, 2015
Smolinka, T.
Presentation
2015Fundamentals of PEM water electrolysis
Smolinka, T.; Tabu Ojong, E.; Lickert, T.
Book Article
2015Wasserstofferzeugung durch PEM-Elektrolyse: Grundlagen und Entwicklungstrends einer Schlüsseltechnologie für die Energiewende: Vortrag gehalten beim Seminar Anorganische Chemie 2015, Freiburg, Germany, 22. Juli 2015
Smolinka, T.
Presentation
2014Benzene removal over a fixed bed of wood char: The effect of pyrolysis temperature and activation with CO2 on the char reactivity
Burhenne, L.; Aicher, T.
Journal Article
2014A future German energy systen with a dominating contribution from renewable energies: A holistic model based on hourly simulation
Palzer, A.; Henning, H.-M.
Journal Article
2014Highly efficient solar hydrogen generation - an integrated concept joining III-V solar cells with PEM electrolysis cells
Rau, S.; Vierrath, S.; Ohlmann, J.; Fallisch, A.; Lackner, D.; Dimroth, F.; Smolinka, T.
Journal Article
2014Hydrogen production from renewable energies - electrolyzer technologies
Smolinka, T.; Tabu Ojong, E.; Garche, J.
Book Article
2014Tomography based screening of flow field / current collector combinations for PEM water electrolysis
Zielke, L.; Fallisch, A.; Paust, N.; Zengerle, R.; Thiele, S.
Journal Article
2014Water electrolysis: Status and potential for development: Presentation held at Joint NOW GmbH - FCH JU Water Electrolysis Day 2014, Brussels, Belgium, 03.04.2014
Smolinka, T.
Presentation
2013Enersta - Autonome und unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung: Vortrag gehalten auf der NIP Vollversammlung 2013, Berlin, Germany, 18.06.2013
Koch, W.
Presentation
2013Hydrogen infrastructure for a sustainable mobility - a roadmap for the German Federal State Baden-Wuerttemberg until 2030: Presentation held at World of Energy Solutions Conference 2013, Stuttgart, Germany, 30.09.2013-02.10.2013
Hebling, C.; Smolinka, T.; Voglstätter, C.
Presentation
2013Hydrogen production by water electrolysis: Progress and challenges of a key technology for renewable energies. A short introduction: Presentation held at 5th World Hydrogen Technology Convention, WHTC 2013, Shanghai, China (R.O.), 25.09.-28.09.2013
Smolinka, T.
Presentation
2013Position dependent analysis of membrane electrode assembly degradation of a direct methanol fuel cell via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Hartmann, P.; Zamel, N.; Gerteisen, D.
Journal Article
2013Wasserstofferzeugung durch Elektrolyse - Stand und Vergleich der Technologien. Eine kurze Einführung: Vortrag gehalten auf dem Innovationsforum Power-to-Gas-to-Power 2013, Leipzig, Germany, 25.04.2013
Smolinka, T.
Presentation
This publication list has been generated from the publication database Fraunhofer-Publica.