Applied Storage Systems

As part of the topic "Applied Storage Systems", we are dealing with the following fields of work:

Quality Assurance and Certification of Storage Applications

Modeling and Simulation of Energy Supply Systems

Energy Management Systems (EMS) and Optimized Management

System Integration for Grid-Connected and Off-Grid Applications

Share of fluctuating renewable electricity sources is rapidly increasing in modern energy supply systems. The development of a sustainable transport sector – from light electric vehicles, electric cars, electric and hybrid commercial vehicles, to an increasing use of electricity in the maritime sector as well as in aviation – is unstoppable. In parallel, the number of portable devices in the professional and private sectors is also rising sharply. All these applications require highly efficient, effective, safe and reliable electrical storage systems.

As part of the topic "Applied Storage Systems", we research the optimal integration and operation of storage systems in their specific application areas. The focus is always on the overall system, thanks to our interdisciplinary perspective and expertise. In close collaboration with our renowned partners, we assess our customers from project development phases, by modelling and optimizing systems in the project development phases, and act as advisors and independent quality assurance agents throughout construction and implementation phases, integrating storage within complex energy systems for a wide range of applications.

One focus of our work is to check, evaluate and certify normative requirements set by customers by means of end-to-end quality assurance, covering safety aspects and risks assessment, as well as reliability and robustness of energy supply systems.

We advise our customers through the entire value chain from safety-relevant material issues at cell level through components and their system integration to the safe and reliable operation of the entire electrical power supply. Our extensive know-how covers a wide range of applications: Off-grid or grid-connected as well as stationary or mobile applications.

On this topic from our research blog »Innovation4E«:

Thermal Comfort for Electric Vehicles – Longer driving range for electric vehicles through optimized battery management

Blog post by Maximilian Bruch

Maximilian BruchWhat is the ideal operating temperature for electric cars? At what temperature do they perform best? The participants of the European research project JOSPEL are addressing just these questions by assessing the optimization potential of electric vehicles. The project aim is to increase the energy efficiency and range of electric vehicles by applying efficient and cost-effective climate control solutions especially developed for battery electric vehicles. Experts at Fraunhofer ISE are working with industry partners on optimizing battery operation, with the goal of increasing battery lifetime through improved thermal management.

Read more on blog.innovation4e.de

In addition to our research and development on "Applied Storage Systems", we offer testing and certification procedures in our Center for Energy Storage Technologies and Systems

  • Tests and Characterization
In our laboratory facilities, extending to an area of 400m², we test batteries and systems, e.g. Li-ion, lead-acid, NiMH battery cells, as well as high temperature batteries and double layer capacitors. Our laboratory equipment includes battery test systems, impedance spectrometers, calorimeters, etc. We use these systems to perform tests in the climate chamber or in a water bath based on accredited standards or customized to our client’s needs.

  • Aging Investigations
To investigate aging and perform lifetime analyses of batteries and battery systems, we carry out several tests over periods extending to several months. These tests include both an investigation of the cyclic lifetime as well as calendar aging. For this purpose, we have about 180 test circuits, covering different power ranges, which are suitable from small button cells up to large storage systems.

Selected Research Projects

 

HAID-POWER

Planung und Umsetzung eines innovativen Energiekonzepts für ein Entwicklungs- und Prüfzentrum für Batterien und Energiespeichersysteme

 

REACT

Renewable Energy for Self-Sustainable Island Communities

 

EnStadt:Pfaff

Innovative Photovoltaic DC Charging Infrastructure with Buffer Storage

Johannes Wüllner

Contact Press / Media

Johannes Wüllner

Applied Storage Systems

Fraunhofer ISE
Heidenhofstr. 2
79110 Freiburg

Phone +49 761 4588-2129

Our fields of work within the topic "Applied Storage Systems":

Quality Assurance and Certification of Storage Applications

Due to the increased market penetration of battery storages, the necessity of quality assurance (QA) is increasingly coming into focus. The consequences of inadequate QA, which can range from limited usability to system failures and devastating accidents, increase public awareness and demand for holistic quality assurance from the cell to the battery storage. Due to the complexity of battery storage systems, it is becoming increasingly difficult, even for experts, to distinguish between high-end and low-quality products and systems. In addition, the widespread use of this technology increases the overall risk of accidents or damage caused by faulty installations or poor operational management.

With our long-term experience and expertise in the field of technical safety and fire protection of battery storage systems, we offer testing and certification services in close cooperation with VDE Renewables, covering battery cells, all peripheral components, and up to complete systems.

Our main areas of work include:

  • Development of test standards and test infrastructure for charge controllers and battery applications (e.g. Solar Home Systems (SHS) and PV battery packages, PV diesel hybrid systems, battery storage devices)
  • Testing and certification of power supply systems in the laboratory and in the field – from Pico PV through Solar Home Systems to PV Diesel Systems
  • Holistic, independent, third-party technical due diligence
  • Testing and certification of PV battery systems and battery storage devices
  • Monitoring of battery systems and analysis of performance in the field
  • Consulting, development and setup of test laboratories including development of training concepts and provision of training courses

Modeling and Simulation of Energy Supply Systems

The findings from the performance and aging tests of our "LabBatteries" are incorporated into our very detailed battery models. These data-based, realistic battery models are included in our simulation frameworks, which also incorporate peripheral components enabling a holistic view and optimization of the overall system, allowing for the evaluation of the technical design and the profitability of the underlying business models for standard or customized battery applications.

Among other things, our work includes:

  • Conception, development and validation of models for the simulation of power storage facilities in power grids with a high share of renewable energies
  • Scientific investigations for the development of new fields of application and business fields
  • Technical design, verification and optimization of battery systems in interaction with renewable producers on the basis of system simulations
  • Design of optimized energy management strategies and management of thermal management systems to increase battery life and effectivity
  • Profitability calculations and operational optimization on the basis of monitoring data

Our "agile" development processes and flexible simulation modules enable us to develop customer-specific software.

Our simulation and modeling activities include the code development of customized solutions on generic programming languages like Python, Matlab or Modelica. On the other hand, we offer our customers the conception and design as well as the technical and economic analysis of energy systems with the help of professional software tools such as HOMER, PVSyst or DIgSILENT PowerFactory. The simulation team has many years of experience and a broad track record with these simulation tools.

Energy Management Systems (EMS) and Optimized Management

In modern households, office buildings and production facilities, the various components of the energy system must share information with one another in complex ways. Battery storage systems play an increasingly important role in increasing flexibility, reducing the operating costs of energy supply, and ensuring stability of power supply in complex energy systems. In order to fully exploit this potential, the components are linked via a central energy management system (EMS) and are controlled intelligently.

In this field, Fraunhofer ISE offers the following services:

  • Customer-specific development and implementation of operational management algorithms
  • Analysis and evaluation of existing management strategies
  • Integration of the components into the overall system (assessment of communication and energy architectures)
  • Investigation of the impact of different operational management strategies on higher-level grid structures
  • Development and implementation of energy management services for grid-connected and off-grid, as well as stationary and mobile applications

In addition to the topics that concern "Applied Storage Systems", Fraunhofer ISE also deals specifically with the optimization of building operation.

System Technology for Grid-Connected and Off-Grid Applications

Fraunhofer ISE has many years of experience in designing system technology and selecting components for innovative storage-supported power supply concepts in stationary and mobile applications. All project phases are covered and technical support or the full implementation of the respective project phase is managed. The following are examples of areas of application in which system planning and implementation can be handled by Fraunhofer ISE:

  • Off-grid power supply of single objects
  • PV hybrid isolated grids
  • Grid-connected PV battery systems
  • Energy storage systems in neighborhoods
  • Commercial and industrial battery systems
  • Electromobility applications
  • Light Electric Vehicles (LEV)

Publications

 

Jahr
Year
Titel/Autor:in
Title/Author
Publikationstyp
Publication Type
2022 Non-Contacting Interferometric Distance Measurements of Pouch Cells During Cycling
Engeser, J.; Berg, S.; Laufen, H.; Ruf, J.; Bruch, M.; Heuer, A.; Figgemeier, E.; Bauermann, L.; Vetter, M.
Abstract
2021 Akustische Rastermikroskopie (SAM) als zerstörungsfreie Prüfung für die Visualisierung von internen Strukturen in flachen Batteriezellen
Pitta Bauermann, L.; Bischoff, C.; Fitz, O.; Drews, M.; Biro, D.; Mesquita, L.V.; Heuer, A.
Poster
2021 Battery Storage - Key Enabler for Resilient Active Distribution Grids and Mini-Grids
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2021 Electrolyte Study with in Operando pH Tracking Providing Insight into the Reaction Mechanism of Aqueous Acidic Zn//MnO2 Batteries
Fitz, O.; Bischoff, C.; Bauer, M.; Gentischer, H.; Birke, K. P.; Henning, H.-M.; Biro, D.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2021 Novel method for the parameterization of a reliable equivalent circuit model for the precise simulation of a battery cell's electric behavior
Bruch, M.; Millet, L.; Kowal, J.; Vetter, M.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2021 Battery Storage - Key Enabler for Large-Scale Integration of Fluctuating Renewables
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2021 Batteries for Electric Vehicles - Current Status and New Developments
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2021 In-Operando Characterisation of Volume Changes and Pressure Evolution in Pouch Cells
Engeser, J.; Berg, S.; Pitta Bauermann, L.; Figgemeier, E.; Heuer, A.; Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2021 Volume Change characteristics of Commercial Lithium-Ion Battery Cells During Cycling Obtained by Pressure Measurements with a Mechanical Press
Engeser, J.; Berg, S.; Pitta Bauermann, L.; Figgemeier, E.; Heuer, A.; Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2021 Further development of non-contact and non-destructive methods for the localization of defects inside battery cells
Pitta Bauermann, L.; Engeser, J.; Heuer, A.; Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2021 Outlining Known Battery Cell and System Safety Issues and the Need for Thermal Propagation Inhibition
Kroll, M.
Vortrag
2021 Meaningful Characterization of Battery Cells and Systems with Current Pulses
Bruch, M.; Kevlishvili, N.; Hofmann, L.; Lux, S.; Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2021 Comparison of Aqueous- and Non-aqueous-based Binder Polymers and the Mixing Ratios for Zn//MnO2 Batteries with Mildly Acidic Aqueous Electrolytes
Fitz, O.; Ingenhoven, S.; Bischoff, C.; Gentischer, H.; Birke, K.P.; Saracsan, D.; Biro, D.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2021 Akustische Rastermikroskopie als zerstörungsfreie Charakterisierungsmethode für Batteriezellen
Pitta Bauermann, L.
Vortrag
2021 Current Developments in the Field of Batteries
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2020 Batteries for Electric Vehicles - Current Status and New Development
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2020 The Use of Batteries in Storing Electricity
Vetter, M.; Lux, S.; Wüllner, J.
Aufsatz in Buch
2020 Utilization of Aged Electric Vehicle Batteries as Stationary Buffer Storage. Insights into Project EMILAS
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2020 Scanning Acoustic Microscopy as a Non-Destructive Imaging Tool to Localize Defects inside battery cells
Pitta Bauermann, L.; Mesquita, L.V.; Bischoff, C.; Drews, M.; Fitz, O.; Heuer, A.; Biro, D.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2020 Battery Management Systems for Dynamic Systems. Short Overview of Current Work on Battery Management Systems
Milde, W.
Vortrag
2020 Herausforderungen und Perspektiven bei Lithium-Ionen Batterien
Kevlisihvili, N.; Risse, S.; Figgemeier, E.; Ehrenberg, H.; Fichtner, M.; Brütting, M.
Konferenzbeitrag
2020 Battery Storage in Stationary Applications. Markets, Technologies and Key Factors
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2020 Towards 3D-Lithium Ion Microbatteries Based on Silicon/Graphite Blend Anodes Using a Dispenser Printing technique
Drews, M.; Tepner, S.; Haberzettl, P.; Gentischer, H.; Beichel, W.; Breitwieser, M.; Vierrath, S.; Biro, D.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2020 Quality Assurance for Battery Storage - Safety, Reliability and Performance Beyond Standards
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2020 Aging - Affecting Safety, Reliability and Performance of Stationary Battery Storage
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 60 is the New 20: Challenges as a Result of Increasing EV Battery Capacities
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 Battery Storage for Grid Connected PV Applications
Vetter, M.; Lux, S.; Wüllner, J.
Aufsatz in Buch
2019 Optimal Integration of Photovoltaic in Micro-Grids that are Dominated by Diesel Power-Plants
Reiners, N.; Bopp, G.; Wüllner, J.; Yadav, R.G.
Bericht
2019 Hochgradig Anisotrope, offenzellige poröse metallische Faserstrukturen - Anwendungen in der Energietechnik
Fink, M.; Andersen, O.; Seidel, T.; Schlott, A.; Bischoff, C.
Vortrag
2019 Investigation of the Kinetics of rechargeable aqueous zinc ion batteries
Bischoff, C.; Fitz, O.; Gentischer, H.; Biro, D.; Henning, H.-M.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2019 Fixing Efficiency Values by Unfixing Compressor Speed: Dynamic Test Method for Heat Pumps
Palkowski, C.; Zottl, A.; Malenkovic, I.; Simo, A.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2019 Thermal Battery Management, Key to Efficiency and Longevity
Bruch, M.; Millet Biosca, L.; Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 Energy Storage for Renewable Power Supply Systems
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 Extensive Analysis of Photovoltaic Battery Self-Consumption: Evaluation Through an Innovative District Case-Study
Millet Biosca, L.; Berueta, A.; Bruch, M.; Reiners, N.; Vetter, M.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2019 Battery Storage. Opportunities, Challenges and Measures for Risk Mitigation
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 In the Context of Energy Transition Scenarios
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 Battery storage - One of the Key Enablers Towards 100% Renewables
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 Battery Storage and their Stationary Applications
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 Testing and Evaluating Thermal Performance of Battery Systems
Heuer, A.; Bruch, M.
Vortrag
2019 Quality Assurance for PV Battery Storage Projects
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 Battery Storage: A Key Enabler for Post Feed-In Tariff PV Projects
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2019 Schlüssel für sichere und zuverlässige Batteriespeicher. Thermisches Management
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Combined dynamic programming and region-elimination technique algorithm for optimal sizing and management of lithium-ion batteries for photovoltaic plants
Berrueta, A.; Heck, M.; Jantsch, M.; Ursua, A.; Sanchis, P.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2018 Quality Assurance for PV Battery Systems in Mico-Grid Applications
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Probabilistische Betriebsführung für PV-Heimspeichersysteme mit PV-Ertragsprognosen. Zusammenfassung
Groß, A.; Zech, T.; Kohrs, R.; Wittwer, C.
Vortrag
2018 Statusbericht: Batterietechnik für die Leichte E-Mobilität
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Messung und Berechnung der Wärmeabgabe einer Batteriezelle und Bedeutung für die Anwendung
Bruch, Maximilian; Heck, Michael; Millet Biosca, Lluis; Raab, Peter; Mirsalehian, Mohammadali; Hukan, Mohammad
Vortrag
2018 Battery cell testing for simulative optimisation of an EV battery system
Bruch, Maximilian
Vortrag
2018 Technologieinnovationen - Batteriespeicher
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 60 is the New 20: Challenges as a Result of Increasing EV Battery Capacities
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Silicon Layers for Application in Lithium Ion Batteries
Georg, A.; Bogati, S.; Gentischer, H.; Biro, D.
Konferenzbeitrag
2018 Cycle aging studies of lithium nickel manganese cobald oxide-based batteries using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Maheshwari, A.; Heck, M.; Santarelli, M.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2018 Deploying Electrical Storage Systems to Reduce Risks and Drive Bankability for Renewable Energy Projects
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Silicon/Graphite Composite Materials as Anode for 3D Printed Lithium-Ion Microbatteries
Drews, M.; Gentischer, H.; Biro, D.; Mülhaupt, R.
Vortrag
2018 Lichtbögen und elektrische Sicherheit in PV-Heimspeichern
Eger, F.; Laukamp, H.; Bopp, G.
Poster
2018 Case Studies on Field Deployment of PV Battery Storage Systems
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Technical and Economic Assessment for Hybrid PV Mini-Grid Projects
Millet Biosca, L.; Wüllner, J.; Vetter, M.; Schinckel, A.
Konferenzbeitrag
2018 "60 is the new 20": Herausforderungen durch immer größer werdende Fahrzeugbatterien
Vetter, M.; Lux, S.; Bruch, M.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2018 Waste heat utilisation of power to hydrogen plants for local and district heating
Knetsch, N.; Holst, M.
Vortrag
2018 Sector coupling - a key element to optimize energy system transformation
Henning, H.M.
Vortrag
2018 Investigating the impact of particle size on the performance and internal resistance of aqueous zinc ion batteries with a manganese sesquioxide cathode
Bischoff, C.; Fitz, O.; Schiller, C.; Gentischer, H.; Biro, D.; Henning, H.-M.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2018 Longevity of Lithium-Ion Batteries
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Quality Assurance to Support the Bankability of Energy Storage Applications
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Quality Assurance for PV Battery Systems
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Battery Technology for Electromobility - Status Quo, Outlook and Challenges
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2018 Quality Assurance for PV Battery Systems
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2017 Impedance change and capacity fade of lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide-based batteries during calendar aging
Schmitt, J.; Maheshwari, A.; Heck, M.; Lux, S.; Vetter, M.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2017 Qualitätssicherung & Bankability für Batteriespeicher in PV-Kraftwerken und im gewerblichen Einsatz
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2017 Quality assurance to support the bankability of renewable energy + storage applications
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2017 Passivierte Siliciummaterialien für Li-Ionenbatteriezellen
Gentischer, H.; Hulitz, S.; Mader, M.; Singh, R.; Keding, R.; Preu, R.; Biro, D.
Vortrag
2017 DC arc fault scenarios and detection methods in battery storage systems
Eger, F.; Bopp, G.; Freiberger, D.; Lang, N.; Laukamp, H.; Rouffaud, G.
Konferenzbeitrag
2017 Stand-alone and hybrid PV systems
Vetter, M.; Bopp, G.
Aufsatz in Buch
2017 Stationäre Batteriespeicher - eine zentrale Komponente der Engergiewende
Vetter, M.; Lux, S.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2017 Quality assurance for PV battery power plants and PV battery systems in comercial applications and mini-grids
Vetter, M.; Jantsch, M.
Vortrag
2017 Isothermal calorimeter heat measurements of a 20Ah lithium iron phosphate battery cell
Millet, L.; Bruch, M.; Raab, P.; Lux, S.; Vetter, M.
Konferenzbeitrag
2017 Lichtbögen und elektrische Sicherheit in PV-Heimspeichersystemen
Laukamp, H.; Tschupp, J.
Vortrag
2017 Quality assurance to support the bankability of renewable energy + storage applications
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2017 "60 is the new 20": Herausforderungen durch immer größer werdende Fahrzeugbatterien
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2017 Quality assurance and standardization developments for battery storage applications
Sann, K.; Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2017 Präzise Zustandsbestimmung und optimierte Lade- und Betriebsführungsstrategien. Schlüssel für den effizienten Einsatz von Batteriesystemen
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2017 Numerical investigation of phase change material utilization options for the thermal management of cylindrical Li-Ion-batteries
Gamisch, S.; Gschwander, S.
Konferenzbeitrag
2017 Building and habitation in the context of electromobility
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2017 Making energy storage bankable. The role of technical issues and strategies for risk mitigation
Vetter, M.; Jantsch, M.
Vortrag
2017 Quality assurance enabling bankability for larger on- and off-grid PV battery systems
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2017 Kalorimetrische Messung der Wärmeabgabe einer Batteriezelle zur thermischen Charakterisierung
Bruch, M.; Raab, P.; Millet Biosca, L.; Mirsalehian, M.; Heck, M.; Hukan, M.
Vortrag
2017 Analysis of the minimum activation period of batteries in frequency containment reserve
Hollinger, R.; Motte Cortes, A.; Erge, T.; Engel, B.
Konferenzbeitrag
2017 Stromproduktion und Speicherung im Eigenheim, Einspeisung ins Netz und Elektroauto
Vetter, M.; Kohrs, R.
Vortrag
2017 The role of independent engineers - from the project idea to real world evaluation of PV battery systems
Vetter, M.
Vortrag
2016 Recycling of battery technologies - ecological impact analysis using life cycle assessment (LCA)
Unterreiner, L.; Jülch, V.; Reith, S.
Konferenzbeitrag
2016 The influence of nitrogen on laser doping from phosphorous doped a-SiNx layers
Steinhauser, B.; Jäger, U.; Benick, J.; Chong, E.; Lam, J.; Steeman, R.; Rostan, H.; Nekarda, J.; Hermle, M.; Preu, R.; Glunz, S.W.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2016 Batterien - Von der Zelle zum System und zur Systemintegration
Vetter, M.; Winter, M.; Danzer, M.; Wagner, N.; Puchta, M.; Köntges, M.
Vortrag
2016 Silicon nanocrystals embedded in silicon carbide as a wide-band gap photovoltaic material
Lopez-Vidrier, J.; Löper, P.; Schnabel, M.; Hernandez, S.; Canino, M.; Summonte, C.; Janz, S.; Garrido, B.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2016 Qualitätssicherung für PV-Batteriekraftwerke, gewerbliche PV-Batteriesysteme und PV-Inselnetze
Vetter, M.; Jantsch, M.
Vortrag
2016 Quality assurance for larger on- and off-grid PV battery systems
Vetter, M.; Jantsch, M.
Vortrag
2016 Risk mitigation and quality assurance for PV battery storage applications
Vetter, M.; Jantsch, M.
Vortrag
2016 Opportunities and challenges of high renewable energy deployment and electricity exchange for North Africa and Europe - scenarios for power sector and transmission infrastructure in 2030 and 2050
Boie, Inga; Kost, Christoph; Bohn, Sven; Agsten, Michael; Bretschneider, Peter; Snigovyi, Oleksandr; Pudlik, Martin; Ragwitz, Mario; Schlegl, Thomas; Westermann, Dirk
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2016 Progress in state estimation for lithium-ion batteries
Vetter, M.; Lux, S.; Raab, P.; Heck, M.
Vortrag
2016 Distributed solar battery systems providing primary control reserve
Hollinger, R.; Diazgranados, L.M.; Braam, F.; Erge, T.; Bopp, G.; Engel, B.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2016 Impact of the solar eclipse from 20th March 2015 on the German Electrical Supply - simulation and analysis
Killinger, S.; Kreifels, N.; Burger, B.; Müller, B.; Stiff, G.; Wittwer, C.
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
2016 Concept of Evaluating Chances and Risks of Grid Autarky
Senkpiel, C.; Shammugam, S.; Saad Hussein, N.; Hauser, W.; Biener, W.; Kreifels, N.; Kost, C.
Vortrag
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