Heating and cooling (H/C) account for the major share of final energy demand in industry, services and the residential sector in the EU. It therefore plays a central role in achieving energy policy goals like climate change mitigation, security of supply and competitiveness. At the same time, the official statistics only provide an incomplete picture regarding H/C: Data is often scattered, incomplete or not available.
This project aims to provide a comprehensive picture of the current state of EU’s H/C sector as well as possible future trajectories until 2020 and 2030.
The project’s aim is to deliver a comprehensive and detailed picture of the European heating and cooling sector in terms of:
(i) Quantities, types and qualities of the used fuels, and
(ii) The currently installed and used energy transformation technologies for space heating and cooling, hot tap water, cooking, industrial and other processes
Therefore, a detailed stock data base and energy balance were developed for the year 2012. The gathered data is furthermore used for scenario analysis until the years 2020 and 2030. In the scenarios also economic aspects like a cost comparison for replacing fossil fuel based technologies in the H/C sector by indegenous renewable resources. In addition, barriers and bottlenecks for substituting higher shares of fossil fuels are identified and policy recommendations derived.
Benjamin Köhler, Arnulf Dinkel