Precision measurement of a solar cell

Metrology and Production Control

R&D Services

Our R&D services comprise:

High Precision Metrology and Measurement Method Development

Inline Metrology and Quality Assurance

Production control and quality assurance are critical success factors in the competitive global market and impose considerable demands on metrology. Fraunhofer ISE can call on many years of experience in metrology development, simulation and accurate measurement methods. CalLab PV Cells at Fraunhofer ISE can offer measurement and calibration services for solar cells using many different PV technologies. It is the benchmark for research and industry and is an accredited ISO/IEC 17025 calibration laboratory recognized by Deutscher Kalibrierdienst - DKD.

We are working on modern processes for inline metrology and quality assurance and develop measurement methods and high precision metrology.

As a complement to our research and development work in the field of Metrology and Production Control, we offer related testing and certification services to clients.

 

Current publications - Metrology and Production Control:

YearTitle/AuthorDocument Type
2016All-diffused back-contact back-junction solar cell with aluminum-alloyed emitter - experiment and simulation
Wöhrle, N.; Kimmerle, A.; Greulich, J.; Wolf, A.
Journal Article
2016Analysis of grain structure evolution based on optical measurements of mc Si wafers
Strauch, T.; Demant, M.; Krenckel, P.; Riepe, S.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2016Bifacial potential of single- and double-sided collecting silicon solar cells
Fertig, F.; Wöhrle, N.; Greulich, J.; Krauß, K.; Lohmüller, E.; Meier, S.; Wolf, A.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2016biPERC silicon solar cells enabling bifacial applications for industrial solar cells with passivated rear sides
Krauss, K.; Fertig, F.; Greulich, J.; Rein, S.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2016Economic feasibility of bifacial silicon solar cells
Fertig, F.; Nold, S.; Wöhrle, N.; Greulich, J.; Hädrich, I.; Krauß, K.; Mittag, M.; Biro, D.; Rein, S.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2016Inline quality rating of multi-crystalline wafers based on photoluminescence images
Demant, M.; Rein, S.; Haunschild, J.; Strauch, T.; Höffler, H.; Broisch, J.; Wasmer, S.; Sunder, K.; Anspach, O.; Brox, T.
Journal Article
2016Investigation of UV-Induced Degradation of Different Types of WPVS Reference Solar Cells
Kröger, I.; Hohl-Ebinger, J.; Brachmann, S.; Winter, S.
Conference Paper
2016Microcracks in silicon wafers I: Inline detection and implications of crack morphology on wafer strength
Demant, M.; Welschehold, T.; Oswald, M.; Bartsch, S.; Brox, T.; Schoenfelder, S.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2016Microcracks in silicon wafers II: Implications on solar cell characteristics, statistics and physical origin
Demant, M.; Welschehold, T.; Kluska, S.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2016PC1Dmod 6.2 - improved simulation of c-Si devices with updates on device physics and user interface
Haug, H.; Greulich, J.
Journal Article
2016Towards understanding the characteristics of Ag-Al spiking on boron-doped silicon for solar cells
Wöhrle, N.; Lohmüller, E.; Greulich, J.; Werner, S.; Mack, S.
Journal Article
2016Understanding process-related efficiency variations of mc-Si PERC cells
Wasmer, S.; Greulich, J.; Höffler, H.; Wöhrle, N.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Carrier-diffusion corrected J0-analysis of charge carrier lifetime measurements for increased consistency
Kimmerle, A.; Greulich, J.; Wolf, A.
Journal Article
2015Comprehensive simulation and acceleration of the foil-metallization laser process
Graf, M.; Nekarda, J.; Lazzarotto Togny, F.; Streek, A.; Böhme, R.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2015Development, characterization and modelling of doping profile, contact resistance, and metal spiking in diffused and screen-printed boron emitters
Wöhrle, N.; Lohmüller, E.; Werner, S.; Greulich, J.
Conference Paper
2015An emperical method for imaging the short circuit current density in silicon solar cells based on dark lock-in thermography
Breitenstein, O.; Fertig, F.; Bauer, J.
Journal Article
2015Input parameters for the simulation of silicon solar cells in 2014
Fell, A.; McIntosh, K.R.; Altermatt, P.P.; Janssen, G.J.M.; Stangl, R.; Ho-Baillie, A.; Steinkemper, H.; Greulich, J.; Müller, M.; Min, B.; Fong, K.C.; Hermle, M.; Romijn, I.G.; Abbott, M.D.
Journal Article
2015Investigating the impact of parameter and process variations on multicrystalline PERC cell efficiency
Wasmer, S.; Greulich, J.; Höffler, H.; Haunschild, J.; Demant, M.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2015Light-induced degradation of PECVD aluminium oxide passivated silicon solar cells
Fertig, F.; Krauß, K.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Light-induced degradation of silicon solar cells with aluminium oxide passivated rear side
Krauss, K.; Fertig, F.; Menzel, D.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015A new method for the determination of the dopant-related base resistivity despite the presence of thermal donors
Broisch, J.; Haunschild, J.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Optical simulation and analysis of iso-textured silicon solar cells and modules including light trapping
Greulich, J.; Volk, A.-K.; Wöhrle, N.; Hädrich, I.; Wiese, M.; Hermle, M.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Overcoming systematic photocurrent calculation errors in ray tracing simulations
Wöhrle, N.; Greulich, J.
Journal Article
2015PC1Dmod 6.1 - state-of-the-art models in a well-known interface for improved simulation of Si solar cells
Haug, H.; Greulich, J.; Kimmerle, A.; Stensrud Marstein, E.
Journal Article
2015Resistivity, doping concentrations, and carrier mobilities in compensated N- and P-type Czochralski silicon: Comparison of measurements and simulations and consistent description of material parameters
Broisch, J.; Schindler, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Fertig, F.; Soiland, A.-K.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2015Short-circuit current density imaging methods for silicon solar cells
Fertig, F.; Padilla, M.; Breitenstein, O.; Höffler, H.; Geisemeyer, I.; Schubert, M.C.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2014Accurate potential drop sheet resistance measurements of laser-doped areas in semiconductors
Heinrich, M.; Kluska, S.; Binder, S.; Hameiri, Z.; Hoex, B.; Aberle, A.G.
Journal Article
2014All-purpose cell and module architecture for low-irradiance and concentrator applications
Fellmeth, T.; Ebert, M.; Efinger, R.; Hädrich, I.; Clement, F.; Eitner, U.
Journal Article
2014Applicability of the suns-Voc method on organic solar cells
Schiefer, S.; Zimmermann, B.; Glunz, S.W.; Würfel, U.
Journal Article
2014The BOSCO solar cell - a both sides collecting and contacted structure
Fertig, F.; Krauß, K.; Greulich, J.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.; Preu, R.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2014Contacting bare silicon solar cells with advanced cell metallisation
Geisemeyer, I.; Kallies, C.; Hohl-Ebinger, J.; Warta, W.
Conference Paper
2014Determination of the dopant-related base resistivity in presence of thermal donors
Broisch, J.; Haunschild, J.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2014Efficiency potential simulation for an industrially feasible LFC-PERC concept with sensitivity analysis on crucial cell parameters
Wöhrle, N.; Greulich, J.; Graf, M.; Hermle, M.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2014Fast hot spot evaluation
Geisemeyer, I.; Fertig, F.; Warta, W.; Rein, S.; Schubert, M.
Conference Paper
2014High-temperature Degradation in Plasma-enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition Al2O3 Surface Passivation Layers on Crystalline Silicon
Kühnhold, S.; Saint-Cast, P.; Kafle, B.; Hofmann, M.; Colonna, F.; Zacharias, M.
Journal Article
2014Increased Reliability for J0-Analysis by QSSPC
Kimmerle, A.; Rothhardt, P.; Wolf, A.; Sinton, R.A.
Conference Paper
2014Influence of rear-side passivation on solar cell performance of bosco solar cells
Krauß, K.; Fertig, F.; Greulich, J.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.; Preu, R.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2014Inline quality control of passivation stacks in high-efficiency silicon solar cell concepts: Thickness determination from spectro-photometry
Greulich, J.; Wöhrle, N.; Krieg, A.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2014Localization and characterization of annealing-induced shunts in Ni-plated monocrystalline silicon solar cells
Büchler, A.; Kluska, S.; Kasemann, M.; Breitwieser, M.; Kwapil, W.; Hähnel, A.; Blumtritt, H.; Hopman, S.; Glatthaar, M.
Journal Article
2014Micro characterization and imaging of spikes in nickel plated solar cells
Büchler, A.; Kluska, S.; Brand, A.; Geisler, C.; Hopman, S.; Glatthaar, M.
Journal Article
2014Micro-cracks in silicon wafers and solar cells: Detection and rating of mechanical strength and electrical quality
Demant, M.; Oswald, M.; Welschehold, T.; Nold, S.; Bartsch, S.; Schoenfelder, S.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2014Numerical current density loss analysis of industrially relevant crystalline silicon solar cell concepts
Rüdiger, M.; Steinkemper, H.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2014Optimization of multi-layer metallization design for large-area back-contact back-junction solar cells
Hendrichs, M.; Keding, R.; Spribille, A.; Fellmeth, T.; Nold, S.; Clement, F.; Wolf, A.; Biro, D.; Preu, R.
Conference Paper
2014Passivation of phosporus diffused silicon surfaces with Al2O3: Influence of surface doping concentration and thermal activation treatments
Richter, A.; Benick, J.; Kimmerle, A.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2014Photoluminescence image evaluation of solar cells based on implied voltage distribution
Breitenstein, O.; Höffler, H.; Haunschild, J.
Journal Article
2014Properties of the c-Si/Al2O3 interface of ultrathin atomic layer deposited Al2O3 layers capped by SiNx for c-Si surface passivation
Schuldis, D.; Richter, A.; Benick, J.; Saint-Cast, P.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2014Reaction kinetics during the thermal activation of the silicon surface passivation with atomic layer deposited Al2O3
Richter, A.; Benick, J.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2014Reduction of Picosecond Laser Ablation Threshold and Damage Via Nanosecond Pre-Pulse for Removal of Dielectric Layers on Silicon Solar Cells
Brand, A.; Meyer, F.; Nekarda, J.-F.; Preu, R.
Journal Article
2014Short-circuit current density imaging of crystalline silicon solar cells via lock-in thermography: Robustness and simplifications
Fertig, F.; Greulich, J.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2014Simple Applicable Cleaning and Conditioning of Silicon Surfaces with UV/Ozone Sources
Moldovan, A.; Krugel, G.; Feldmann, F.; Zimmer, M.; Rentsch, J.; Roth-Fölsch, A.; Kaufmann, K.; Hagendorf, C.; Hermle, M.
Conference Paper
2014Solarzellen mit Rückspiegel
Thaidigsmann, B.,
Journal Article
2014Spatially resolved determination of junction voltage of silicon solar cells
Höffler, H.; Al-Mohtaseb, H.; Wöhrle, N.; Michl, B.; Kasemann, M.; Haunschild, J.
Conference Paper
2014Spatially resolved determination of the short-circuit current density of silicon solar cells via lock-in thermography
Fertig, F.; Greulich, J.; Rein, S.
Journal Article
2014Study of dielectric layers for bifacial n-type silicon solar cells with regard to optical properties, surface passivation quality, and contact formation
Kalio, A.; Richter, A.; Schmiga, C.; Glatthaar, M.; Wilde, J.
Journal Article
2014Two image processing tools to analyse alkaline texture and contact finger geometry in microscope images
Strauch, T.; Demant, M.; Lorenz, A.; Haunschild, J.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2014Ultrafine front side metallization on silicon solar cells by industrial dispensing technology
Pospischil, M.; Kuchler, M.; Klawitter, M.; Rodriguez, C.; Padilla, A.; Efinger, R.; Gentischer, H.; König, M.; Hörteis, M.; Wende, L.; Doll, O.; Clement, F.; Biro, D.
Conference Paper
2014UMG N-Type Cz-Silicon: Influencing Factors of the Light-Induced Degradation and Its Suitability for PV Production
Broisch, J.; Schmidt, J.; Haunschild, J.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2014Voltage calibration of luminescence images of silicon solar cells
Höffler, H.; Al-Mohtaseb, H.; Haunschild, J.; Michl, B.; Kasemann, M.
Journal Article
2013Anti-reflection-coating thickness measurements on textured silicon surfaces: Evaluation and accuracy of different measurement techniques
Krieg, A.; Greulich, J.; Tondorf, M.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2013Evaluation and improvement of a feature-based classification framework to rate the quality of multicrystalline silicon wafers
Demant, M.; Höffler, H.; Schwaderer, D.; Seidl, A.; Haunschild, J.; Rein, S.
Conference Paper
2013Extracting physical properties of arbitrarily shaped laser-doped micro-scale areas in semiconductors
Heinrich, M.; Kluska, S.; Hameiri, Z.; Hoex, B.; Aberle, A.G.
Journal Article
2013Numerical analysis of electrical TCO / a-Si:H(p) contact properties for silicon heterojunction solar cells
Bivour, M.; Schröer, S.; Hermle, M.
Journal Article
This publication list has been generated from the publication database Fraunhofer-Publica.