Agrophotovoltaics: Power and Food

Photovoltaics on open land can be substantially expanded without using valuable resources of fertile arable land.

Aquaculture photovoltaics (Aqua PV)

Illustration of a pangasius photovoltaic system for self-sufficient energy supply in An Giang.

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Integrated Photovoltaics – Areas for the Energy Transformation

Integrating PV technology into building envelopes, vehicles and roads, as well as over agricultural fields and floating on water surfaces, capitalizes on surface areas with a tremendous potential for generating solar power.

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Double use of valuable farmland

The yields from PV and photosynthesis are optimized through targeted light management.

Aquaculture photovoltaics (Aqua PV)

Illustration of a planned Aqua-PV research facility in Vietnam for dual land use for aquaculture and power generation.

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PV power and agriculture

Agrophotovoltaic projects are predestined to be managed decentrally by farmers and communities. The generated PV energy can be stored or used locally for agricultural machinery.

Floating PV (APV)

Illustration of a floating PV system on a stagnant water.

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  • Technology screening
  • GIS-based potential analysis
  • Business development
  • Policy Design
  • R&D roadmaps

Project development

  • Site assessment
  • Process screening
  • Pre-Feasibility, feasibility
  • Crop assessment
  • Light-Management
  • Economic assessment


  • APV design
  • Power yield assessment
  • Subsystem integration e.g. water, storage
  • Quality assurance plannning

Procurement &

  • Supplier assessment
  • Tender preparation and evaluation
  • Quality assurance construction
  • Performance testing

Operation &

  • Monitoring
  • Operation optimization
  • Maintenance optimization
  • KPI assessment
  • Quality assurance  

Further applications of Integrated PV


Floating PV (FPV)

Floating solar modules on water surfaces have great potential.


Aquaculture photovoltaics

Aquaculture photovoltaic modules enable an increase not only in land-use rates but also in aquaculture quality and yields.

Agrophotovoltaics (APV) describes a method for the simultaneous use of agricultural land for food production and PV power generation. The technology enables an efficient dual use of agricultural land: photovoltaics on open land can be substantially expanded without using valuable resources on fertile arable land. The yields from PV and photosynthesis are optimized through targeted light management. In addition, value creation in the region and rural development are promoted, as APV projects are predestined to be managed decentrally by farmers, communities and small and medium-sized enterprises. For agriculture, new economically viable farming options will result.

In industrial and research projects we are working on the implementation and further development of APV technology.


Research plant in Germany, Heggelbach

Purpose of the project  "Agrophotovoltaic Resource-Efficient Land Use" was the technical optimisation for a maximum yield of PV and crops.


Pilot plants in Chile

Together with Fraunhofer Chile, Fraunhofer ISE tested three different 13 kWp APV systems. Investigations were carried out to determine which plants benefit from less radiation exposure due to the PV array.


Press Release - 28.08.2019

Aqua-PV: “SHRIMPS” Project Combines Aquaculture and Photovoltaics

Like other countries in Southeast Asia, Vietnam is experiencing strong economic and population growth. Its energy demand is currently increasing by ten percent each year and the competition for land use is growing as a result. With the project “SHRIMPS”...


Press Release - April 12, 2019

Agrophotovoltaics: High Harvesting Yield in Hot Summer of 2018

Over the past two years, the dual use of land for the harvesting of solar electricity and agriculture has been tested in the joint project “Agrophotovoltaics – Resource Efficient Land Use (APV-RESOLA).”


Press Release - June 20, 2018

Agrophotovoltaics Goes Global: from Chile to Vietnam

Agrophotovoltaics (APV), a technology which combines the production of solar electricity and crops on the same land, has already been successfully demonstrated in pilot projects in several European countries. The Fraunhofer ISE in cooperation with the Innovation Group “APV-Resola” have proven the feasibility of APV with a 194 kWp pilot system.

Selected Reaearch Projects



Agrophotovoltaic - A Contribution to Resource-Efficient Land Use



Solar-Aquaculture Habitats as Resource-Efficient and Integrated Multilayer Production Systems



Smart technologies to improve quality and safety of Mediterranean agriculture

Broschüren und Flyer: Agrophotovoltaik

Flyer: Dual Use of Land with Agrophotovoltaics