Prototype of a Dye Solar Module

Section of a 60 cm x 100 cm dye solar module using glass frit sealing is shown. The module is connected in series with other prototypes of the same size.

Dye and Perovskite Solar Cells

R&D Services

Our R&D services comprise:

Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells

Large-area dye solar modules are being developed at Fraunhofer ISE for application in photovoltaically active architectural glazing. Research is being conducted on transferring the production concepts to the new area of perovskite solar cells. We have demonstrated that modules can be produced with industrially relevant technology based on screen-printing and new sealing approaches. The 60 cm x 100 cm modules, with durable glass-frit sealing and internal series connection, can be fabricated reproducibly in cooperation with industrial partners. To this purpose, a special in situ coating method was optimized for perovskite solar cells, which requires very little material and can be easily upscaled.

Selected Research Projects



Perovskite-silicon tandem solar cells



Scalable perovskite technology



Highly Efficient Printed (> 17 %) Perovskite Solar Cells


Current publications - Dye and Perovskite Solar Cells:

YearTitle/AuthorDocument Type
2020Double-Mesoscopic Hole-Transport-Material-Free Perovskite Solar Cells: Overcoming Charge-Transport Limitation by Sputtered Ultrathin Al2O3 Isolating Layer
Mathiazhagan, G.; Wagner, L.; Bogati, S.; Yasaroglu Ünal, K.; Bogachuk, D.; Kroyer, T.; Mastroianni, S.; Hinsch, A.
Journal Article
2020Hybrid evaporation/spray-coating process for a simplified and controllable production of perovskite solar cells
Cojocaru, Ludmila; Wienands, Karl; Erdil, Ulas; Schulze, Patricia S.C.; Mundt, Laura E.; Bett, Alexander J.; Breitwieser, Matthias; Lombeck, Florian; Prescher, Mario; Kirste, Lutz; Vierrath, Severin; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph; Glunz, Stefan W.
Journal Article
2020Two-Terminal Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar Cells with a High-Bandgap Perovskite Absorber Enabling Voltages over 1.8 V
Bett, A.; Schulze, P.S.C.; Winkler, K.; Kabakli, Ö.; Ketterer, I.; Mundt, L.; Reichmuth, S.K.; Siefer, G.; Cojocaru, L.; Tutsch, L.; Bivour, M.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.; Goldschmidt, J.C.
Journal Article
2020Vapor-Phase Formation of a Hole-Transporting Thiophene Polymer Layer for Evaporated Perovskite Solar Cells
Suwa, K.; Cojocaru, L.; Wienands, K.; Hofmann, C.; Schulze, P.S.C.; Bett, A.J.; Winkler, K.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Glunz, S.W.; Nishide, H.
Journal Article
2019Constraints and Opportunities for CO2-neutral Photovoltaics: In-situ Perovskite Solar Cell Manufacturing Enables Reaching the Ultimate Carbon Footprint Limit of the Glass Substrate
Wagner, L.; Mastroianni, S.; Hinsch, A.
Journal Article
2019Efficiency Enhancement and Hysteresis Mitigation by Manipulation of Grain Growth Conditions in Hybrid Evaporated-Spin-Coated Perovskite Solar Cells
Rafizadeh, S.; Wienands, K.; Schulze, P.S.; Bett, A.J.; Andreani, L.C.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.; Goldschmidt, J.C.
Journal Article
2019High-Resolution Analysis of Perovskite Absorbers in Photovoltaics
Mundt, Laura; Schubert, Martin (Betreuer); Glunz, Stefan W. (Referent); Albrecht, Steve (Referent)
2019Huge VOC Increase despite almost constant Radiative Recombination in planar CsFAPblBr Solar Cells: Presentation held at 5th International Conference on Perovskite Cells and Optoelectronics, Lausanne, Switzerland, 30 September - 2 October 2019
Herterich, Jan-Philipp; Unmüssig, Moritz; Kohlstädt, Markus; Würfel, Uli
2019Loss Analysis in Perovskite Photovoltaic Modules
Rakocevic, Lucija; Mundt, Laura; Gehlhaar, Robert; Merckx, Tamara; Aernouts, Tom; Schubert, Martin C.; Glunz, Stefan W.; Poortmans, Jef
Journal Article
2019Die nächste Generation Solarzellen wird so günstig wie Fensterglas: Gedruckte "in-situ"-Photovoltaik ist lokal und nachhaltig produzierbar
Wagner, Lukas; Mastroianni, Simone; Hinsch, Andreas
Journal Article
2019Quantitative Local Loss Analysis of Blade-Coated Perovskite Solar Cells
Mundt, L.; Kwapil, W.; Yakoob, M.A.; Herterich, J.P.; Kohlstädt, M.; Würfel, U.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2019The Role of Surface Passivation Layer Preparation on Crystallization and Optoelectronic Performance of Hybrid Evaporated-Spincoated Perovskite Solar Cells
Rafizadeh, S.; Wienands, K.; Mundt, L.E.; Bett, A.J.; Schulze, P.S.C.; Andreani, L.C.; Hermle, M.; Glunz, S.W.; Goldschmidt, J.C.
Journal Article
2019Semi-Transparent Perovskite Solar Cells with ITO Directly Sputtered on Spiro-OMeTAD for Tandem Applications
Bett, Alexander Jürgen; Winkler, Kristina; Bivour, Martin; Cojocaru, Ludmila; Kabakli, Özde; Schulze, Patricia; Siefer, Gerald; Tutsch, Leonard; Hermle, Martin; Glunz, Stefan W.; Goldschmidt, Jan Christoph
Journal Article
2018Detailed investigation of evaporated Perovskite absorbers with high crystal quality on different substrates
Cojocaru, L.; Wienands, K.; Kim, T. Woong; Uchida, S.; Bett, A.J.; Rafizadeh, S.; Goldschmidt, J.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2018From Cell to Mini-Module - Blade Coating and Controlled Drying for Planar Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells: Presentation held at 35th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition 2018, Brussels, Belgium, 24.09.2018
Würfel, U.; Yakoob, M.A.; Herterich, J.; Mundt, L.E.; Kohlstädt, M.
2018From window to solar cell and back
Goldschmidt, J.C.
Journal Article
2018High photovoltage of 1 V on a steady-state certified hole transport layer-free perovskite solar cell by a molten-salt approach
Wagner, L.; Chacko, S.; Mathiazhaganz, G.; Mastroianni, S.; Hinsch, A.
Journal Article
2018Macroporosity Enhancement of Scaffold Oxide Layers Using Self‐Assembled Polymer Beads for Photovoltaic Applications
Yasaroglu, K.; Aydemir, S.; Chacko, S.; Mastroianni, S.; Schmerber, G.; Colis, S.; Rehspringer, J.-L.; Slaoui, A.; Hinsch, A.; Dinia, A.
Journal Article
2018A matter of drying: Blade-coating of lead acetate sourced planar inverted perovskite solar cells on active areas >1 cm2
Kohlstädt, M.; Yakoob, M.A.; Würfel, U.
Journal Article
2018Transient photovoltage in perovskite solar cells: Interaction of trap-mediated recombination and migration of multiple ionic species
Walter, Daniel; Fell, Andreas; Wu, Yiliang; Duong, The; Barugkin, Chog; Wu, Nandi; White, Thomas; Weber, Klaus
Journal Article
2018Trends in Solar Electricity: Presentation held at EuroSun, 12th International Conference on Solar Energy for Buildings and Industry 2018, Rapperswil, Switzerland, September 11th, 2018
Bett, A.W.
2017Distinguishing crystallization stages and their influence on quantum efficiency during perovskite solar cell formation in real-time
Wagner, L.; Mundt, L.E.; Mathiazhagan, G.; Mundus, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Mastroianni, S.; Würfel, U.; Hinsch, A.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017A fast and easy perovskite solar cell simulation tool featuring ion migration
Fell, Andreas; Walter, Daniel; Glunz, Stefan W.
Conference Paper
2017Low Temperature perovskite solar cells with an evaporated TiO2 compact layer for perovskite silicon tandem solar cells
Bett, A.J.; Schulze, P.S.; Winkler, K.; Gasparetto, J.; Ndione, P.F.; Bivour, M.; Hinsch, A.; Kohlstädt, M.; Lee, S.; Mastroianni, S.; Mundt, L.E.; Mundus, M.; Reichel, C.; Richter, A.; Veit, C.; Wienands, K.; Würfel, U.; Veurman, W.; Glunz, S.W.; Hermle, M.; Goldschmidt, J.C.
Journal Article
2017Nondestructive probing of perovskite silicon tandem solar cells using multiwavelength photoluminescence mapping
Mundt, L.; Heinz, F.D.; Albrecht, S.; Mundus, M.; Saliba, M.; Correa-Baena, J.P.; Anaraki, E.H.; Korte, L.; Rech, B.; Grätzel, M.; Hagfeldt, A.; Schubert, M.C.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2017Novel low-temperature process for perovskite solar cells with a mesoporous TiO2 scaffold
Schulze, P.S.C.; Bett, A.J.; Winkler, K.; Hinsch, A.; Lee, S.; Mastroianni, S.; Mundt, L.E.; Mundus, M.; Würfel, U.; Glunz, S.W.; Hermle, M.; Goldschmidt, J.C.
Journal Article
2017Spectrally resolved nonlinearity and temperature dependence of perovskite solar cells
Mundus, M.; Venkataramanachar, B.; Gehlhaar, R.; Kohlstädt, M.; Niesen, B.; Qiu, W.; Herterich, J.P.; Sahli, F.; Bräuninger, M.; Werner, J.; Hohl-Ebinger, J.; Uytterhoeven, G.; Würfel, U.; Ballif, C.; Schubert, M.C.; Warta, W.; Glunz, S.W.
Journal Article
2016Characterization of perovskite solar cells: Towards a reliable measurement protocol
Zimmermann, E.; Wong, K.K.; Müller, M.; Hu, H.; Ehrenreich, P.; Kohlstädt, M.; Würfel, U.; Mastroianni, S.; Mathiazhagan, G.; Hinsch, A.; Gujar, T.P.; Thelakkat, M.; Pfadler, T.; Schmidt-Mende, L.
Journal Article
2015Analysing the effect of crystal size and structure in highly efficient CH3NH3Pbl3 perovskite solar cells by spatially resolved photo- and electroluminescence imaging
Mastroianni, S.; Heinz, F.D.; Im, J.-H.; Veurman, W.; Padilla, M.; Schubert, M.C.; Würfel, U.; Grätzel, M.; Park, N.-G.; Hinsch, A.
Journal Article
2015Stability assessment of alternative platinum free counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cells
Yun, S.; Lund, P.D.; Hinsch, A.
Journal Article
2014Analyses of structurally modified quasi-solid-state electrolytes using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy for dye-sensitized solar cells
Seo, S.-J.; Hinsch, A.; Veurman, W.; Brandt, H.; Kang, M.-S.; Shin, S.-H.; Moon, S.-H.
Journal Article
2014Assessment of a photovoltaic thermal (PVT) prefabricated facade
Katsifaraki, A.; Bueno, B.; Kuhn, T.E.; Maurer, C.
Conference Paper
2014Flexible high efficiency perovskite solar cells
Roldán-Carmona, C.; Malinkiewicz, O.; Soriano, A.; Mínguez Espallargas, G.; Garcia, A.; Reinecke, P.; Kroyer, T.; Dar, M.I.; Nazeeruddin, M.K.; Bolink, H.J.
Journal Article
2014Introduction to in-situ produced perovskite solar cells: A new concept towards lowest module manufacturing costs
Hinsch, A.; Mastroianni, S.; Brandt, H.; Heinz, F.; Schubert, M.C.; Veurman, W.
Conference Paper
2014Photoelectrochemical response of DSSCs under prolonged reverse bias and conduction band lowering in Ru-complex-sensitized TiO2
Pumiglia, D.; Giustini, M.; Dini, D.; Decker, F.; Lanuti, A.; Mastroianni, S.; Veyres, S.; Caprioli, F.
Journal Article
2014Simple NIR Complexes and Their Applicability in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Neuthe, N.; Popeney, C.; Bialecka, K.; Hinsch, A.; Sokolowski, A.; Veurman, W.; Haag, R.
Journal Article
2014Status of dye solar cell technology as a guideline for further research
Hinsch, A.; Veurman, W.; Brandt, H.; Flarup Jensen, K.; Mastroianni, S.
Journal Article
2013Glass frit dissolution influenced by material composition and the water content in iodide/triiodide electrolyte of dye-sensitized solar cells
Flarup Jensen, K.; Rahman, M.M.; Veurman, W.; Brandt, H.; Im, C.; Wilde, J.; Hinsch, A.; Lee, J.-J.
Journal Article
2013Parameter study on UV-induced degradation of dye-sensitized solar cells
Flarup Jensen, K.; Veurman, W.; Brandt, H.; Im, C.; Wilde, J.; Hinsch, A.
Journal Article
2013Sol-gel based TiO2 paste applied in screen-printed dye-sensitized solar cells and modules
Hocevar, M.; Krasovec, U.O.; Bokalic, M.; Topic, M.; Veurman, W.; Brandt, H.; Hinsch, A.
Journal Article
2013Stability of UV illuminated dye sensitized solar cells (DSC) studied by photoinduced absorption in the second range
Flarup Jensen, K.; Brandt, H.; Im, C.; Wilde, J.; Hinsch, A.
Conference Paper
2013Status of the dye solar cell technology (DSC) as a guideline for further research
Hinsch, A.
Conference Paper
This publication list has been generated from the publication database Fraunhofer-Publica.